新概念第三册7:Mutilated ladies
 

学习视频

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一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 

 

1.课文
Has it ever happened to you? Have you ever put your trousers in the washing machine and then remembered there was a large bank note in your back pocket? When you rescued your trousers, did note in your back pocket? When you rescued your trousers, did you find the note was whiter than white? People who live in Britain needn't despair when they made mistakes like this (and a lot of people do)! Fortunately for them, the Bank of England has a team called Mutilated Ladies which deals with claims from people who fed their money to a machine or to their dog. Dogs, it seems, love to chew up money!
A recent case concerns Jane Butlin whose fiancé, John, runs a successful furniture business. John had very good day and put his wallet containing $3,000 into the microwave oven for safekeeping. Then he and Jane went horse-riding. When they got home, Jane cooked their dinner in the microwave oven and without realizing it, cooked her fiancé's wallet as well. Imagine their dismay when they found a beautifully-cooked wallet and notes turned to ash! John went to see his bank manager who sent the remains of wallet and the money to the special department of the Bank of England in Newcastle: the Mutilate Ladies! They examined the remain and John got all his money back. 'So long as there's something to identify, we will give people their money back,' said a spokeswoman for the Bank. 'Last year, we paid $1.5m on 21,000 claims. Damaged bank notes. The Queen's head appears on English bank notes, and 'lady' refers to this.
 
2.翻译
这种事情在你身上出现过吗?你有没有把裤子塞洗衣机,然后又想在裤子的后兜有一张大面值的纸币?当你把裤子抢救出来时,你有没有发现那张纸币已经变得比白纸还白?当英国人犯这种错误时,他们不必感到绝望(而许多国家的人都有这种绝望的感觉)。对英国人来说,值得庆幸的是英国银行有一个残钞鉴别组,负责理那些把钱塞进机器或塞给狗的人提出的索赔要求。看起来,狗很喜欢咀嚼钱币。
最近的一个案例与简.巴特林有关,她的未婚夫约翰拥有一家生意兴隆家具店。有一天约翰的生意很好,他把一只装有3,000 英镑的钱包放进微波炉内保存。然后,他和简一起去骑马。回家后,简用微波炉煮了晚饭,无意中之中把她未婚夫的钱包也一起煮了。可以想像他们发现一只煮得很好看的钱包,钞票已化成灰时的沮丧心情。约翰去找银行经理,经理把约翰的钱包和纸币的残留物送到英国银行在纽卡斯尔的一个专门部门——残钞鉴别组。他们鉴定了这些残留物。约翰拿回了他损失的全部数额。“只要有东西可供识别,我们会把钱还给人家的,”银行的一位女发言人说。“去年,我们对21,000 起索赔要求支付了150万英镑。”

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  断首或断尾运用疑问句提出问题
  断首——主要引起读者的兴趣和注意力
  断尾——进一步巩固、加深与本段所涉及的内容、进一步引起读者的沉思
  rescued: 救援,援助
  Hundreds of people went ot rescue the plane crash.
  大词小用所起的目的——加强语气
  whiter than white——damaged,mutilated
  make mistakes like this
  Fortunately for them happily for them
  team: 组织   make a claim
  feed something to it seems
  第二段充分的说明了约翰是怎么样把钱从银行里拿回来
  concern: 涉及到——is about
  run a factory,run a company
  I have a very good day. I have a good time
  to keep it safe
  put his wallet which contained...
  go horse-riding go fishing go hunting go shopping
  dismay: 沮丧
  beautifully-cooked wallet: 用一种讽刺的口吻
  turn to turned into become
  who--bank mangager
  so long as: on condition that 表假设,只要
  pay for: 为...付款
  We paid 80 dollars for the dictionary.
  on pay off
  The couple have already paid their debts off
  pay back
  1.把钱归还回去  pay money back
  2.报复、报仇   pay somebody back

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
mutilate
v. 使残缺不全

chew
v. 咀嚼

microwave
n. 微波,微波炉

oven
n. 炉灶

safekeeping
n. 妥善保管

Newcastle
n. 纽卡斯尔(英国港市)

identify
v. 鉴定,识别

spokeswoman
n. 女发言人
 

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  如何运用后缀
  less表示否定概念  care---careless
  ful 表示有,充满了 hopeful---careful
  ly: 形容词+ly=副词,名词+ly=形容词 daily
  ic pic: energetic
  ish: childish,womanish
  Exercise
  1.painless
  2.beautiful
  3.daily
  4.childish ---ish的形容词是贬义色彩
  5.athletic 强壮的,强健的

 

五、课后练习答案

  1.B正确
  2.D正确 identify---identifiable return--returnable eat-eatable
  3.B正确 unless: if not
  Structure
  4.A正确 any large bank notes
  5.C正确 真实的条件句
  6.B正确 一般来说,如果表示某人的,就用 '
  如果采用介词of表示所属关系,被修饰名词前要出现定冠词
  7.C正确  简单句,选用一般过去式
  8.A正确  to keep it safe
  Vocabulary
  9. in charge of: 负责  in the charge of: 由某人了负责
  10.turn to ash D正确
  11.sent B正确  dispatch: 送,送达 deliver
  convey: 运输、传达  fetch: 去取回来
  12.B正确 provided providing
  Provided that you reduce the price ,I'll take all the goods.
  supposed 表假设:suppose supposing