新概念第三册13:It's only me
 

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一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 

 

1.课文
After her husband had gone to work. Mrs. Richards sent her children to school and went upstairs to her bedroom. She was too excited to do any housework that morning, for in the evening she would be going to a fancy-dress party with her husband. She intended to dress up as a ghost and as she had made her costume the night before, she was impatient to try it on. Though the costume consisted only of a sheet, it was very effective. After putting it on, Mrs. Richards went downstairs. She wanted to find out whether it would be comfortable to wear.
Just as Mrs. Richards was entering the dinning room, there was a knock on the front door. She knew that it must be the baker. She had told him to come straight in if ever she failed to open the door and to leave the bread on the kitchen table. Not wanting to frighten the poor man, Mrs. Richards quickly hid in the small storeroom under the stairs. She heard the front door open and heavy footsteps in the hall. Suddenly the door of the storeroom was opened and a man entered. Mrs. Richards realized that it must be the man from the Electricity Board who had come to read the meter. She tried to explain the situation, saying 'It's only me', but it was too late. The man let out cry and jumped back several paces. When Mrs. Richards walked towards him, he fled, slamming the door behind him.
 
2.翻译
理查兹夫人等丈夫上班走后,把孩子送去上学,然后来到楼上自己的卧室。那天上午,她兴奋得什么家务活都不想做,因为晚上她要同丈夫一起参加一个化装舞会。她打算装扮成鬼的模样。头天晚上她已把化装服做好,这时她急于想试试。尽管化装服仅由一个被单制成,却十分逼真。理查兹夫人穿上化装服后下了楼,想看穿起来是否舒服。
理查兹夫人刚刚走进餐厅,前门就传来敲门声。她知道来了一定面包师。她曾告诉过面包师,如果她不去开门,他可直接进门,把面包放在厨房的桌上。理查兹夫人不想吓唬这个可怜人,便赶紧躲到了楼梯下的小储藏室里。她听见前门被打开,走廊里响起重重的脚步声。突然贮藏门开了,一个男人走了进来。理查兹夫人这才想到一定是供电局来人查电表了。她说了声“是我,别怕!”然后想进行一番解释,但已来不及了。那人大叫了一声,惊退了几步。理查兹夫人朝他走去,只见他“砰”的一声关上门逃走了。

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  too ... to:太...而不能
  不定式to,在大部分情况下,表示否定概念
  not/never too ... to: 并不太...所以能够
  One is never too old to learn 活到老,学到老。
  The question is not too difficult for me to answer.
  如果在副词too前发现修饰语all,but,only,不定式to的概念也是肯定的。
  They are all too satisfied to work with you.
  I am only too glad to have someone to speak to.
  He was but too eager to get home.
  fancy-dress paty = costume party
  intended to = mean to:有什么打算,意图
  dress up as: 化妆成为
  the night before: 前一个晚上(以过去的某一个时间为基准点)
  last night: 昨天晚上(以现在为基准点)
  The night before she got everything ready.
  she was impatient(eager,anxious) to try it on.
  be impatient to do sth: 急于要做某事,迫不及待
  =eager,anxious,hungry,thirsty,desperate,can't wait(口语)
  try on :试穿
  After putting it on: 穿上以后
  动词不定式to wear,用来修饰说明comfortable,作它的状语
  The book is difficult to read.
  The dress is easy to wash.
  Your handwriting is easy to recognize.
  It would be comfortable(for her)to wear
  It is easy for me to read
  主动形式——表达被动概念
  The music is sweet to hear.
  The machine needs repairing.
  "需要..."被动概念,用:need,want和动名词形式直接搭配
  The dictionary is worth buying.
  The book is worth reading.
  The house is under construction
  The puma is under control
  The problem is under discussion
  The thief is under arrest.
  介词under表达被动的意味
  The airport came into use again.
  came into use: 不及物动词短语
  Our time has already gone to use.(浪费掉,付诸东流)
  She is respectable person.(被尊敬的人)
  -able 形容词后缀,跟在动词后表达"能够被...的"
  This is a returnable bottle.
  "由...所组成": consist of,comprise本身表达被动概念,结构形式为主动
  there was a knock on the front door: 有人敲门
  come in :进来
  straight: 直接地,径直地
  if even --- ever 用于条件句,表示任何时候,任何场合
  =when ever
  If ever you see George give him my best regards.
  When ever he is in trouble I'll be on the spot.
  Not wanting ……分词的否定结构形式,做原因状语
  多用于句首;也可插入句中,主谓之间
  Not wanting to make her nervous,the doctor didn't fully explain the seriousness of condition.
  = The doctor,not wanting to make her nervous,didn't fully explain the seriousness of her condition.
  read the metre; 查电表
  saying……现在分词做伴随状语
  let out a cry: 大叫了一声
  =utter/give a cry
  jump back several paces 后退了好几步
  slamming……现在分词作方式状语或伴随状语,说明fled的情况

 

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
costume
n. 化装服

consist
v. 由……组成

sheet
n. 被单

effective
adj. 有明显效果的,有作用的

meter

n. 电表

pace
n. 一步

flee (fled, fled)
v. 逃走

slam
v. 砰地关上
 

四、重点难点

 
  wear
  形容词+动词不定式
  He was delighted to learn that...
  I was glad to hear that...
  He was anxious to leave...
  感情形容词后的不定式通常是表示原因,在句中做原因状语
  happy;relieved;astonished;amazed;surprised;horrified;
  disappointed;sad;embarrassed;shocked
  He was frightened when he saw the snake
  He was frightened to see the snake.
  I was sor  ry when I learnt that...
  I was sorry to learn that...
  不定式也可以放在表语之后,主语是不定式的实际宾语
  The car is hard to park
  Some questions are awkward to answer.
  在少数几个动词后,可用作结果不定式
  learn;find;see;hear;be told
  He lived to see his inventions come to success.
  He woke up to find everyone gone.
  He went to his house only to find him out.
  在不定式前加only,表示意想不到的,出乎意料的结果
  He hurried to the post office only to find it was shut(closed)
 

五、课后练习答案

  1...because...D
  She wanted to know whether that costume was comfortable to wear.
  2...because...C
  take sb.in 使某人信以为真,让某人上当
  disguise伪装
  At that moment,she was dressed up as a ghost.She didn't want to frighten the poor man,She hid as quickly as possible in the small storeroom under the stairs.
  3...hoped...C
  Key structure
  4...C
  and前后连接时态要呼应,表示并列关系
  5...B
  how修饰限定形容词
  At that moment,she hadn't put on the costume.
  6...B
  ...not wanting to frighten the poor man.
  动词不定式的否定形式是在动词不定式符号之前直接加否定词not,never
  anxious形容词做原因状语
  7...B
  强调过去的一个动作
  8...C
  see sb.do sth看见某人做某事
  做宾语补足语时,不定式符号to被省略
  9...A
  at the very moment 就在此刻
  as long as/so long as 用来引导条件句,表示只要
  You can go out as long as you pormise to be back before 11 o'clock
  only when 引导时间状语从句
  10...D
  miss+动名词,表示错过做什么事情
  I don't want to miss seeing that film on television tongight
  forgot to do sth表示忘记去做某事
  Yesterday ,I forgot to lock the door.
  succeed in doing sth.表示成功做了某事
  if..happen to...表示某事偶然发生
  If you happen to pass the baker's,pick me up a brown loaf,would you?
  If you happen to finish the work early give me a ring.
  11...A
  reading 表示仪表或者仪器上的指数、读数
  What are the temperature readings for the week?
  take a metre-reading 读电表上的数字
  measurement 测量尺寸、大小调节稳定
  What's your waist measurement?
  regulation 调节;regulation of body heat体温调节
  12...B
  let out 发出;give
  shout 高呼,高喊;有目的的
  shout to sb 对某人高声喊
  shout at sb.对某人大喊大叫
  Don't shout at the elders.