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(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)

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一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 

1.课文
I had an amusing experience last year. After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on the next town. On the way, a young man waved to me. I stopped and he asked me for a lift. As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language. Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all. Neither of us spoke during the journey. I had nearly reached the town, when the young man suddenly said, very slowly, 'Do you speak English?' As I soon learnt, he was English himself!
 
2.翻译
去年我有过一次有趣的经历。在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇。途中,一个青年人向我招手。我把车停下,他向我提出要求搭车。他一上车,我就用法语向他问好,他也同样用法语回答我。除了个别几个单词外,我根本不会法语。旅途中我们谁也没讲话。就要到达那个镇时,那青年突然开了口,慢慢地说道“你会讲英语吗?” 我很快了解到,他自己就是个英国人!

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town. 在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇。
  (1)表示一个大范围中的某一个地方时要用介词in:
  Beijing is in the north of China.
  北京位于中国的北部。
  (2)副词on紧跟在动词后面时可以表示“向前”、“继续下去”等意义:
  He talked on until everybody had gone.
  他滔滔不绝地讲到大家都走了。
  I was reading when my friend called. After he had
  gone, I went on to read.
  我朋友来看我时我正在看书。他走了以后我便继续看书。
  2.I stopped and he asked me for a lift. 我把车停下,他向我提出要求搭车。
  名词lift的含义之一是“(给步行者)搭便车”、“免费搭车”:
  Last night, I had to walk home. No one would give me a lift.
  昨晚我不得不走回家。谁也不愿意让我搭车。
  I was lucky today. I got a lift soon after I had left the village.
  我今天运气好,离开村子不久就搭上了便车。
  3.As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language. 他一上车,我就用法语向他问早上好,他也同样用法语回答我。
  (1)表示时间的固定短语as soon as通常表示“一……就……”,即两个动词之间相隔时间非常短:
  Tell him the news as soon as you meet him.
  你一遇见他就把这消息告诉他。
  (2)表示用某种语言作为交际手段时介词用in,表示讲某种语言时可以不加介词:
  speak English/ French 讲英语/法语
  That book is written in German.
  那本书是用德语写的。
  He replied the question in English.
  他用英语回答了这个问题。

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
  1.meet
  (1)vt., vi. (偶然)遇见,遇到:
  (2)vt. (约定地点或时间)和……会面,迎接:
  Most of the young people in the town will be meeting them at the station.
  镇上的大部分青年人将到车站迎接他们。
  Who will be meeting you when you arrive in London?
  你到伦敦时谁将去接你?
  (3)vt. (经介绍)和……相识/见面:
  I'd like to meet your brother.
  我很想认识你兄弟。
  Very pleased to meet you.
  认识您非常高兴。
  2.performance n.
  (1)执行,完成,履行:
  He is praised for the excellent performance of his duties.
  他由于出色地履行了自己的职责而受到了表扬。
  (2)表现,工作情况:
  His performance in the mathematics exam is not very good.
  他数学考得不太好。
  (3)演出,表演:
  The pop singers will give five performances.
  这些流行歌手将演出5场。

 

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  过去完成时(The simple past perfect tense)
  过去完成时由 had+ 过去分词构成,它表示过去某时或某动作发生之前已经完成的动作或情况,即“较早的过去”。在用
  过去完成时态的句子中,常用的连词有 when, after, as soon as, until, by that time等:
  When I woke up in the morning, she had already had
  her breakfast.
  当我早上醒来时,她已经吃过早饭了。
  After he had said goodbye to us all, Captain Alison started his journey.
  当艾利森船长和我们大家都道了别之后,他就启程了。
  Did you really ring the police?
  你真的给警方打电话了?
  It was a mistake. I realized it as soon as I had rung them.
  我犯了个错误。刚给他们打完电话我就意识到了。
  I didn't know that she was a famous actress until you had told me.
  直到你告诉我时我才知道她是位名演员。
  常与现在完成时连用的副词如already, just, never, never…before也常与过去完成时连用,以强调事件发生的先后次序:
  The boys loved the zoo. They had never seen wild animals before.
  男孩们喜欢动物园,以前他们从没见过野兽。
  在有些用过去完成时的句子中没有明确的时间状语,但通过上下文可以看出动作发生的先后

 

五、练习答案

  6....b...
  French不可数,不能用many
  plenty of:足够多的
  not much: a little
  not a little: much
  7....c....
  neither不会和not连用
  either:任何一个
  both:两个都
  neither of,不能说we neither,只能说neither of us
  11...b...
  responded和replied用法一样
  replied后面加宾语一定要加to, answer直接加
  9....c...
  salute:军礼,军人的问候
  10...b...
  tramp:流浪汉
  hitch hiker:搭便车的人
  passenger:乘客,付车钱
  12. almost=nearly
  just as 正当...时候 +时间主语从句