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一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 

1.课文
  My aunt Jennifer is an actress. She must be at least thirty-five years old. In spite of this, she often appears on the stage as a young girl. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon. This time, she will be a girl of seventeen. In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings. Last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright, orange-coloured dress. If anyone ever asks her how old she is, she always answers, 'Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up!'
 
2.翻译
  我的姑姑詹妮弗是位演员,她至少也有35岁了。尽管如此,她却常在舞台上扮演小姑娘。詹妮弗很快又要参加一个新剧的演出。这一次,她将扮演一个17岁的少女。演出时她必须穿一条鲜红色的裙子和黑色的长筒袜。去年在演另一个剧时,她不得不穿短袜和一件鲜艳的橘红色的衣服。一旦有人问起她有多大年纪,她总是回答:“亲爱的,长成大人真可怕啊!”

二、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  actress:女演员
  actor:男演员
  以-or,-er结尾的,是男性
  以-ress结尾的,是女性
  waiter:男服务员
  waitress:女服务员
  prince:王子
  princess:公主
  god:神  (God:上帝)
  goddess:女神
  lion:公狮子
  lioness:母狮子
  doctor:男医生
  woman doctor:女医生
  thirty-five years old:三十五岁
  must be
  must + 动词原形:"不得不,必须:(对现在的)推测"
  least……little的最高级"至少,最少"
  at most……"最多"
  She is fifteen years old.
  She must be fifteen years old.
  She must be at most fifteen years old.
  She must be at least fifteen years old.
  She must be a model.
  in spite of:尽管
  in spite of this:尽管如此
  In spite of this,I still like school.
  join:参加了某一种团体
  take part in :参加某一种活动
  attend:出席
  join the army:参军
  join the party:入党
  join us:(口)加入我们中来
  join sb./sth.
  take part in the race:参加比赛
  take part in a play
  take part in the party
  attend meeting:参加会议,出席会议
  attend the party:出席宴会
  attend class:上课
  This time:这一次
  a girl of seventeen
  She is eighteen years old.
  She is a girl of eighteen.
  She is a old man of sixty.
  must do:必须做 =have to; 推测
  in……(介词)穿着...样的衣服 (+颜色、衣服)
  用介词短语取代动词,避免了一句话中出现两个动词
  The boy in green.
  in a bright red dress:鲜红色的连衣裙
  long black stocking:长的黑色长筒袜
  last year in another play(表示扮演过很多的角色)
  had to:必须(不能加介词,+动词原形)
  bright,orange-coloured dress:鲜艳的桔黄色衣服
  ever==at any time:任何时候(时间副词)
  it must be:一定(推测)
  must +原形……对现在的推测
  it……形式主语,用不定式做真正的主语
  grown up:(形容词短语)成年人
  grow up:(人)成长
  be a grown-up:作为一个成年人
  must be thirty-five years old
  It is a secret/privacy.
  I forget it.

三、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
  appear v. 登场,扮演
  stage n. 舞台
  bright adj. 鲜艳的
  stocking n. (女用)长筒袜
  sock n. 短袜

 

四、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  (a) As:
  As a young girl...(介词)"作为"
  As I learned,...(代词)"正如"
  As I am busy==because"由于"
  As I was leaving the house...==when"当...时"
  Do as you are told. as……方式状语从句的引导词
  I work as..."作为...工作"
  (b) Dress,Suit,Costume:
  dress:"裙子,晚礼服,连衣裙"(女式)
  suit:"套装"(男式)
  costume:"演出服,民族服装,某一年代所穿的服装"
  (c)Grow,Grow up:
  grow:"长"
  grow up:"生长,成长"(指人)
  Exercises B. Choose the correct words in the following sentences:
  (1)...grow...
  (2)...suit...
  (3)...costume...
  fancy-dress-party:化妆舞会
  hire:雇,租
  (4)...dress...
  Must:推测;必须=have to

 

五、练习答案

1. d
根据课文第1-2行She must be at least thirty-five years old. In spite of this , she often appears on the stage as a young girl, 只有d. She is too old to appear on a stage as a young girl 是课文所暗示的情况,而其他3个选择都与课文内容不符。
2. b
课文第1行有She must be at least thirty-five years old(她至少也有35岁了),这只是个推测,并没有告诉读者她的确切年龄有多大,因此a. We know exactly how old Jennifer is 与课文内容不符; c. Jennifer is thirty-five years old 也与课文内容不符,因为课文中没有明确较大她确切的年龄是35岁; d. Jennifer is over thirty-five years old 也不够准确,因为作者推测她至少有35岁,可能超过35岁,也可能正好35岁;只有b. We do not know exactly how old Jennifer is 是正确的。
3. b
这个句子是对前一句作出肯定的陈述,只有b. is 才是最合乎题目意思和语法的:In my opinion she is (at least thirty-five years old.) 而 a. has 后面不能跟年龄,因此不符合语法;c. can 是情态助动词,意思是“能,可以”,不符合题目意思;d. must 是情态助动词,可以用来表示推测,但在后一句话中应明确表示个人的看法,而不是众人的推断,所以b是正确答案。
4. d
从后一句的回答中可以看出,前一个疑问句应针对年龄提问,因此只有d. How old 是正确答案。
5. c
介词in 有时可以用来表示穿什么服装或穿什么颜色的衣服,这句话只有c. in 意思才正确。其他3个都不符合语法。
6. c
只有c. has to do 与前一句的must 意思相同又符合第3人称单数she 的要求.因此只有选c. has to do. 而b. have to do 不能用于第3人称单数, a. has done , d. had done 都不符合题目意思.
7. b
be necessary for sb. to do sth. 等于 sb. must/have to do sth., 只有 b. necessary 才能使这一句同前一句的意思相同,而其他3个选择都不符合题目意思。
8. a
a. is presented 有参加演出的意思,只有选a. is presented 才能使这句话同前一句She often appears as a young girl(她常扮演小姑娘)的意思相吻合。
而b. points (指出,)词意思不符。
c. shows(展示,表现)常做及物动词
d. seems (似乎是,好像)词意思不对。
因此a.是正确答案 。
9. a
b. game(游戏,比赛),c. toy(玩具),d. match(比赛)这3个都不符合题目意思,只有a. play(剧本,戏剧)符合题目意思.
10. c
前面的句子Jennifer will take part in the play 的意思是“Jennifer要参加这个剧的演出”而不是参与写作或创作这个剧本,因此不能选a. will write 和d. will produce,而b. won't be in 与题目意思相反。只有c. will be in 最符合题目意思。
11. a
socks 为男女用短袜,stocking 为女用长筒袜。 只有a. socks instead of stockings 最符合生活常识,而其他3个选择都不对。
12. d
只有d. an adult(成年人 )才能与前一句中的grow up(长大,成人,成熟)意思相符合,而其他3个选择a. very old(很老),b. an adolescent(青少年),c. teenager(13岁到19岁的青少年)意思都不够准确。