新概念第三册16:Mary had a little lamb
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Mary and her husband Dimitri lived in the tiny village of Perachora in southern Greece. One of Mary's prize possessions was a little white lamb which her husband had given her. She kept it tied to a tree in a field during the day and went to fetch it every evening. One evening, how-ever, the lamb was missing. The rope had been cut, so it was obvious that the lamb had been stolen.
When Dimitri came in from the fields,His wife told him what had happened.Dimitri at once set out to find the thief.
He knew it would not prove difficult in such a small village. After telling several of his friends about the theft, Dimitri found out that his neighbour, Aleko, had suddenly acquired a new lamb.
Dimitri immediately went to Aleko's house and angrily accused him of stealing the lamb. He told him he had better return it or he would call the police. Aleko denied taking it and led Dimitri into his back-yard. It was true that he had just bought a lamb, he explained, but his lamb was black. Ashamed of having acted so rashly, Dimitri apologized to Aleko for having accused him. While they were talking it began to rain and Dimitri stayed in Aleko's house until the rain stopped.When he went outside half an hour later, he was astonished to find that the little black lamb was almost white. Its wool, which had been dyed black, had been washed clean by the rain !
 
2.翻译
玛丽与丈夫迪米特里住在希腊南部一个叫波拉考拉的小村庄里。玛丽最珍贵的财产之一就是丈夫送给她的一只白色小羔羊。白天,玛丽把羔羊拴在地里的一颗树上,每天晚上把它牵回家。可是,一天晚上,那只小羔羊失踪了。绳子被人割断,很明显小羔羊是被人偷走了。
迪米特里从地里回来,妻子把情况跟他一说,他马上出去找偷羔羊的人。他知道在这样一个小村庄里抓住小偷并不困难。把失窃的事告诉几个朋友后,迪米特里发现他的邻居阿列科家突然多了一只小羔羊。迪米特里立刻去了阿列科家,气呼呼地指责他偷了羔羊,告诉他最好把羊交还,否则就去叫警察。阿列科不承认,并把迪米特里领进院子。不错,他的确刚买了一只羔羊,阿列科解释说,但他的羔羊是黑色的。迪米特里为自己的鲁莽而感到不好意思,向阿列科道了歉,说是错怪了他。就在他俩说话的时候,天下起了雨,迪米特里便呆在阿列科家里避雨,一直等到雨停为止。半小时后,当他从屋里出来时,他惊奇地发现小黑羔羊全身几乎都变成白色。原来羊毛上染的黑色被雨水冲掉了!
 

二、学习视频

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  in the tiny village of...
  in the big city of Beijing
  in the beautiful city of Paris.
  possession: 所有物
  What I possess is valuable./My possessions are valuable.
  belinging: 随身携带物
  keep: 使……处于某种状态
  keep后的复合宾语(宾语补足语)可以是形容词、介词短语、分词
  keep和过去分词搭配做宾语补足语,过去分词和宾语之间是逻辑上的动宾关系
  宾语补足语和宾语是主谓关系,那么宾语补足语是现在分词结构
  I keep my windows closed.
  I kept the boy standing outside.
  It is obvious that...
  set out to do sth.: 开始着手做某事
  tell sb.about sth.
  He can't be ill or he wouldn't have come.
  or else
  Your room is so dirty,Clear it promptly,or else...
  It is true that...,but...
  It is true that the work is hard,but we'll finish it ahead.
  现在分词结构(形容词结构)做状语,此处相当于原因状语,放主句前后均可
  Angry at everybody here,he left suddenly.
  Anxious for a quick decision,he called his friends.
  Nervous,the man opened the letter.

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
complete v. 完成
modern adj. 新式的,与以往不同的
strange adj. 奇怪的
district n. 地区

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  had better do had better not do
  1.We had better have lunch.
  2.She had better renew her passport
  3.You'd better not ask so many questions.
  4.We'd better not stay any longer.
  5.The children had better get an early night
  6.solicitor: 律师 I had better consult my solicitor.

 

六、练习答案

  1. C untie vt.解开 vi.松开, 解开
  
  2. B community (n.社区, 公社, 团体, 社会)= village
  
  3. B truthful(adj.诚实的, 说实话的) admit(v.容许, 承认)
  
  4. D 
  
  5. D 正确
  present(adj.现在的, 出席的) 反义词:absent(adj.不在的, 缺席的)
  present (vt.赠送, 给)
  -- When Mr. Brown left firm, the director presented a gold watch to him.
  -- The gold watch was present from the director.
  a present from somebody 某人所送的礼物
  
  6. C
  
  7. D so small a size
  
  8. B
  
  9. A
  valued adj.尊贵的, 尊重的, 宝贵的
  -- valued advice宝贵的忠告 / valued?friend尊贵的朋友
  worthwhile adj.值得做的(-- working hard is worthwhile 努力学习是值得做的)
  worthy adj.值得的, 配得上的(be worthy of)
  -- The chain is worthy of the watch.(chain n.链子)
  -- His deeds are worthy of our praise. 他的确行为陪得上我们的表扬
  10. B
  tell somebody about something
  report something to somebody
  
  11 C 正确 chat v.聊天 n.聊天
  argument n.争论, 辩论
  
  12 A 正确 
  out of doors = outdoors = outside(n.adj.adv.prep.)
  -- outdoors n.户外 adv.在户外, 在野外
  adj.在户外 = outdoor(adj.室外的, 户外的)
  -- outdoors 的反义词:indoors(adv.在户内)
  in the open air 在户外, 露天
  inside out 里外反穿
  -- He put his socks on inside out. 他把袜子穿反了。