新概念第三册17:The longest suspension bridge in the world
 

一、听力mp3

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1.课文
Verrazano, an Italian about whom little is known, sailed into New York Harbour in 1524 and named it Angouleme. He described it as 'a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.' Though Verrazano is by no means considered to be a great explorer, his name will probably remain immortal, for on November 21st, 1964, the longest suspension bridge in the world was named after him.
The Verrazano Bridge, which was designed by Othmar Ammann, joins Brooklyn to Staten Island. It has a span of 4,260 feet. The bridge is so long that the shape of the earth had to be taken into account by its designer. Two great towers support four huge cables. The towers are built on immense underwater platforms make of steel and concrete. The platforms extend to a depth of over 100 feet under the sea. These alone took sixteen months to build. Above the surface of the water, the towers rise to a height of nearly 700 feet. They support the cables from which the bridge has been suspended. Each of the four cables contains 26,108 lengths of wire. It has been estimated that if the bridge were packed with cars, it would still only be carrying a third of its total capacity. However, size and strength are not the only important things about this bridge. Despite its immensity, it is both simple and elegant, fulfilling its designer's dream to create 'an enormous object drawn as faintly as possible'.
 
2.翻译
1524年,一位鲜为人知的意大利人维拉萨诺驾船驶进纽约港,并将该港名为安古拉姆。他对该港作了这样的描述:“地理位置十分适宜,位于两座小山的中间,一条大河从中间流过”。虽然维拉萨诺绝对算不上一个伟大的探险家,但他的名字将流芳百世,因为1964年11月21日建成的一座世界上最长的吊桥是以他的名字命名。
维拉萨诺大桥由奥斯马.阿曼设计,连结着布鲁克林与斯塔顿岛,桥长4,260英尺。由于桥身太长,设计者不得不考虑了地表的形状。两座巨塔支撑着4根粗大的钢缆。塔身建在巨大的水下钢盘混凝土平台上。平台深入海底100英尺。仅这两座塔就花了16个月才建成。塔身高出水面将近700英尺。高塔支撑着钢缆,而钢缆又悬吊着大桥,4根钢缆中的每根由26,108股钢绳组成。据估计,若桥上摆满了汽车,也只不过是桥的总承载力的1/3。然而,这座桥重要特点不仅是它的规模与强度。尽管此桥很大,但它的结构简单,造型优美,实现了设计者企图创造一个“尽量用细线条勾画出一个庞然大物”的梦想。
 

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  sailed into...…句子的主干
  about whom …Italian
  describe something as
  see view look upon recognize regard treat accept
  I should describe the attempt as a failure.
  His mother regards him as genius
  located
  I like the village located within two small hills.
  in the midst of which...
  A great river flowed in the middle of the two hills.
  in the middle of the night
  in front of which 动词要位于主语之前
  though although even though 引导让步状语从句
  用了though,although 不能使用but
  yet可以用来强调转折关系
  by no means
  It is by no means pleasant to take a crowded bus.
  not by any means not at all
  He isn't satisfied with a job at all.
  in no way in no case in no sense in no circumstances
  remain immortal be neamed after be named for
  take one's name from
  a span of: 跨度、桥长
  take into account take into consideration take account of
  We have to take the date into account when we have the meeting
  support: hold up
  extend a railway extends to the next city
  rise to
  which指代先行词 cables
  It has been estimated that... It is said. It is reported
  It has been estimated/expected
  were 虚拟语气
  carry
  immensity…size despite…in spite of
  fulfilling: 分词做状语表结果
  The bus was held up by the snowstorm,causing the delay.
  At last he passed his examination,fulfilling his dream to go abroad.

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
suspension
n. 悬,吊

agreeable
adj. 宜人的

situation
n. 地点,地方

locate
v. 位于

immortal
adj. 永生的,流芳百世的

Brooklyn
n. 布鲁克林(纽约一区名)

Staten
n. 斯塔顿(岛)

span
n. 跨度

cable
n. 缆索

concrete
n. 混凝土

suspend
v. 悬挂

length
n. 根,段

estimate
v. 估计

capacity
n. 承受量

immensity
n. 巨大

elegant
adj. 优美别致的

faintly
adv. 微细地

 

五、练习答案

  1. D considerable adj.值得考虑的, 相当可观的
  the longest suspension bridge was named after Verrazano.
  
  2. A stretch n.一段路程, 一段时间
  a wide stretch of water 连续不断的水域
  
  3. A
  The bridge is so long that the shape of the earth had to be taken into account by its designer.
  account for 考虑, 说明, 解决
  take account of / take into account 考虑
  curvature n.弯曲度
  vehicle n.交通工具, 车辆
  
  4. A describe sth As
  situated 动词过去分词接受 agreeably的限定
  
  5. A 陈述客观事实
  
  6. B
  thus adv.因而, 从而, 这样, 如此
  -- He sold his farm and thus he had enough money for his journey.
  他卖掉了农场, 这样他就有足够的钱旅行了。
  -- There has been no rain - thus, the crops are drying.
  天没下雨, 因此庄稼要枯死了。
  7. D
  immense 描述性形容词用于物质名词的前面
  sink vi.vt.(sank, sunk, sinking)下沉, 使沉没
  ferro-concrete n.[建]钢筋混凝土, 钢骨水泥
  8. D load n.负荷, 装载量, 负载
  the load = the total capacity
  can不能与be able to 搭配连用
  can+动词原形(表示一般的能力)
  9. A
  either 表示两者中的每一方的
  -- He sat in the car with a policeman on either side of him.
  -- on either side of the street
  either? adj.修饰名词的单数形式
  both adj.修饰名词的复数形式
  every adj.用于三者或三者以上(意思上等于all)
  -- in every direction = in all directions
  side by side 肩并肩的, 并排
  -- The two bottles stood side by side on the table.
  -- walk side by side 肩并肩的走
  
  10. C
  link…with / join… to
  attach… to 把…牢牢的系上 (attach v.系上, 贴上)
  -- She attached a check to the order form. 她在定单上附了一张支票。
  Relate…to/with 表示在…之间建立联系
  -- I can‘t relate what you say happened with what I saw.
  我不能把你所说的发生的事件和我所看到的联系起来。
  Unify vt.统一, 使成一体
  
  11. C
  suspension bridge 吊桥
  suspended adj.暂停的, 缓期的, 延期的
  -- The java suspended sentence. 法官判了他缓刑。
  -- judge n.法官, 审判员
  Suspense n.担心, 不安, 悬念
  -- The competitors in the beauty contest were kept in suspense waiting for the result.
  -- competitor(n.竞争者) contest(n.论争, 竞赛)
  Suspender n.吊索, 吊袜带
  
  12. D
  take vt.容纳, 装载
  -- The tank will take about twelve gallons.(n.加仑)
  Sustain vt.支撑, 承受住
  -- I don‘t think this floor will sustain the weight of the grand piano.
  Endure vt.经受, 承受(痛苦、苦难)
  Receive vt.收到