新概念第三册18:Electric currents in modern
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Modern sculpture rarely surprises us any more. The idea that modern art can only be seen in museums is mistaken. Even people who take no interest in art cannot have failed to notice examples of modern sculpture on display in public places. Strange forms stand in gardens, and outside buildings and shops. We have got quite used to them. Some so-called 'modern' pieces have been on display for nearly eighty years.
In spite of this, some people -- including myself -- were surprise by a recent exhibition of modern sculpture. The first thing I saw when I entered the art gallery was a notice which said: 'Do not touch the exhibits. Some of them are dangerous!' The objects on display were pieces of moving sculpture. Oddly shaped forms that are suspended form the ceiling and move in response to a gust of wind are quite familiar to everybody. These objects, however, were different. Lined up against the wall, there were long thin wires attached to metal spheres. The spheres had been magnetized and attracted or repelled each other all the time. In the centre of the hall, there were a number of tall structures which contained coloured lights. These lights flickered continuously like traffic lights which have gone mad. Sparks were emitted from small black boxes and red lamps flashed on and off angrily. It was rather like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment. These peculiar forms not only seemed designed to shock people emotionally, but to give them electric shocks as well!
 
2.翻译
现代雕塑不再使我们感到惊讶了。那种认为现代艺术只能在博物馆里才能看到的观点是错误的。即使是对艺术不感兴趣的人也不会注意到在公共场所展示的现代艺术品。公园里、大楼和商店外竖立着的奇形怪状的雕塑,对这些,我们已经司空见惯了。有些所谓的“现代”艺术品在那里已经陈列了近80年了。
尽管如此,最近举办的一次现代雕塑展览还是使一些人(包括我在内)大吃了一惊。走进展厅首先看到的是一张告示,上面写着“切勿触摸展品,某些展品有危险!”展品都是些活动的雕像。人们所熟悉的是悬挂在天花板上、造型奇特、随风飘荡的雕塑品。这些展品却使人大开眼界。靠墙排列着许多细长的电线,而电线又连着金属球。金属球经过磁化,互相之间不停地相互吸引或相互排斥。展厅中央是装有彩色灯泡的许多高高的构件,灯泡一刻不停地闪烁着,就像失去了控制的红绿灯。小黑盒子里迸出火花,红色灯泡发怒似地忽明忽暗。这儿倒像是在展览古老的电子设备。好像设计这些奇形怪状的展品不仅是为了给人感情上的强烈刺激,而且还想给人以电击似的!
 

二、学习视频

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(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1 The idea that… is mistaken.
  此处that引导的从句作idea的同位语。
  2 take no interest in…,作“对……不感兴趣”解。
  3 cannot have failed to notice, 不至于没注意到。
  “cannot+have+过去分词”表示对于过去的事所作的不肯定的推测。
  4 move in response to a gust of wind,随风飘荡。
  in response(to)作“回答’、“响应”、“作出反应”讲。此处是“(展品)随风而动”的意思。
  5 be familiar to…是“为……所熟悉”的意思。
  6 Lined up against the wall, 靠墙排列着。
  7 like traffic lights which have gone mad, 就像失去控制的红绿灯一样。
  go mad作“发疯”、“发狂”讲。
  8 on and off(亦作 off and on)作“断断续续地”、“有时”讲。
  9 These peculiar forms not only seemed designed…,其中seemed是系动词,seemed designed 作用与were designed是一样的。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
suspension
n. 悬,吊

agreeable
adj. 宜人的

situation
n. 地点,地方

locate
v. 位于

immortal
adj. 永生的,流芳百世的

Brooklyn
n. 布鲁克林(纽约一区名)

Staten
n. 斯塔顿(岛)

span
n. 跨度

cable
n. 缆索

concrete
n. 混凝土

suspend
v. 悬挂

length
n. 根,段

estimate
v. 估计

capacity
n. 承受量

immensity
n. 巨大

elegant
adj. 优美别致的

faintly
adv. 微细地

 

五、练习答案

【Multiple choice questions】
  1.A正确
  
  2.C正确
  mobile adj.可移动的, 易变的, 机动的
  effect n.结果, 效果, 作用, 影响
  electronic adj.电子的
  activate vt.刺激, 使活动, 开[起] 动, 触发
  
  3.D正确 on could not pass them unnoticed
  can not pass something unnoticed 不可能路过某物而不注意到它
  -- The dress is so beautiful that I can‘t pass it unnoticed
  unnoticed adj.不引人注意的, 被忽视的
  untouched adj.未触及的; 没有动过的
  
  4.C正确 eighty years ago(一般过去时
  
  5.C正确 entrance + to, arrival?+ in/at
  
  6.prohibit vt.阻止, 禁止(重点强调法律或条例明文禁止)
  prohibit somebody from doing something
  -- The law prohibit children from buying alcohol.(n.酒精, 酒)
  forbid somebody to do something
  -- The law forbid children to buy alcohol.
  
  7.A正确 in order that只能引导目的状语从句
  sothat可以引导目的和结果状语从句
  1>引导目的状语从句时:so that + 情态动词
  2>引导结果状语从句时:so that + 一般时态

  8.D正确 both...and…(both和and的后面成分应该相同)
  
  9.D正确 at one blow 强调一次重击
  all of a sudden = suddenly
  with a light touch 轻轻的一碰
  
  10 A正确 gave off
  
  11 B正确 illuminate v.照明, 照亮
  -- illuminated by candle / illuminate the streets
  enlighten vt.开导, 启发
  enlightened adj.开通的, 开明的(-- enlightened policy 开明的政策)
  alight vi.(不及物)下车, 落下(alighted, alighted)(alit, alit)
  -- Passengers should not alight from the train until it has stopped.
  alighted adj.点着的, 发亮的(= burning)
  -- the fire is alighted/burning
  
  12 C正确 designed表达一种意图
  -- a book designed/intended mainly for English learner. 一本专门为英语学习者编写的书。
  Draw vt.画(-- draw a picture)
  Draw vt.支取, 提取(-- draw money from bank)
  Create vt.创造