一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
  Is that bag heavy, Penny?
  Not very.
  Here!
  Put it on this chair.
  What’s in it?
  A piece of cheese.
  A loaf of bread.
  A bar of soap.
  A bar of chocolate.
  A bottle of milk.
  A pound of sugar.
  Half a pound of coffee.
  A quarter of a pound of tea.
  And a tin of tobacco.
  Is that tin of tobacco for me?
  Well, it’s certainly not for me!
 
2.翻译
  萨姆:那个提包重吗,彭妮?
  彭妮:不太重。
  萨姆:放在这儿。把它放在这把椅子上。
  里面是什么东西?
  彭妮:一块乳酪、一块面包、一块肥皂、
  一块巧克力、一瓶牛奶、一磅糖、
  半磅咖啡、1/4 磅茶叶和一听烟丝。
  萨姆:那听烟丝是给我的吗?
  彭妮:噢,当然不会给我的!
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)

(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.Not very.不太重。
  是It is not very heavy的省略形式。口语中回答问题时,常把主语、动词和宾语都省略,只剩一个副词、一个副词词组或一个动词不定式短语等.
  2.Put it on this chair.把它放在这把椅子上。
  it指bag。在没有扶手的椅子上用on,在有扶手的椅子上用in。如:
  sit on a chair坐在椅子上
  sit in an armchair 坐在扶手椅里
  3.cheese, bread, soap, chocolate, milk, sugar, coffee, tea, tobacco
  这些词都是不可数名词。不可数名词前面不能加a或an,也没有复数形式。如果想表示"一些"之意,可用some,any等词。some用于肯定句,any用于否定句和疑问句。(可参见Lessons 27~28语法部分。)
  如果要表示"一块"、"一张"、"一条"等,需加如a piece of这表示数量的短语。本课表示数量的短语还有:
  a loaf of 一个
  a bar of 一条
  a bottle of 一瓶
  a pound of 一磅
  half a pound of 半磅
  a quarter of 四分之一
  a tin of 一听
  4.a loaf of bread,一个面包。
  指西餐中切成片吃的整个面包。
  5.a bar of chocolate,一块巧克力。
  指一长条巧克力糖。这种形状的巧克力有时也可称为一块巧克力。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
  cheese
  n. 乳酪,干酪
  bread
  n. 面包
  soap
  n. 肥皂
  chocolate
  n. 巧克力
  sugar
  n. 糖
  coffee
  n. 咖啡
  tea
  n. 茶
  tobacco
  n. 烟草,烟丝

 

五、重点难点

  不可数名词:
  1)不可数名词在表示量的概念时也叫部分词。
  a piece of paper / bread / chalk
  a sheet of paper/ a kilo of water
  two pieces of paper / three sheets of paper / five kilos of water
  2)不可数名词在表示量的概念时要用某种容器。
  a bottle of beer / a glass of milk
  five bottles of beer / six glasses of milk
  3)用容器表示可数名词时,可数名词用复数
  a box of pens

  there+be结构(3)
  当there+be后跟单数名词或不可数名词时,动词be的一般现在时形式为is;当后面跟复数名词时,动词用are。如果后跟几个并列名词,而第一个名词是单数,动词仍用is。there+be后面的名词是句子的主语。如:
  There is a hammer on the bookcase.
  书箱上有个鎯头。(单数名词)
  There is some tea in the cup.
  杯子里有些茶水。(不可数名词)
  There are three bottles of milk on the table.
  桌子上有3瓶牛奶。(不可数名词,用复数量词修饰)
  There is a pen, two books and a knife on the desk.
  课桌上有一枝钢笔、两本书和一把小刀。(第一个并列名词是单数)
  也请参见Lessons 19~20以及Lessons 27~28语法部分
 

六、lesson 42 练习答案

  A
  1 Is there any bread in the kitchen?
  2 There's a loaf on the table.
  3 There's some coffee on the table, too.
  4 There isn't any chocolate on the table.
  5 There's a spoon on that dish.
  6 Is there any soap on the dressing table?
  B
  1 Is there a spoon here?
  Yes, there is. There's one on the plate.
  2 Is there a tie here?
  Yes, there is. There's one on the chair.
  3 Is there any milk here?
  Yes, there is. There's some on the table.
  4 Is there a hammer here?
  Yes, there is. There's one on the bookcase.
  5 Is there any tea here?
  Yes, there is. There's some on the table.
  6 Is there a vase here?
  Yes, there is. There's one on the radio.
  7 Is there a suit here?
  Yes, there is. There's one in the wardrobe.
  8 Is there any tobacco here?
  Yes, there is. There's some in the tin.
  9 Is there any chocolate here?
  Yes, there is. There's some on the desk.
  10 Is there any cheese here?
  Yes, there is. There's some on the plate.