一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent in the middle of a field. As soon as this was done, they cooked a meal over an open fire. They were all hungry and the food smelled good. After a wonderful meal, they told stories and sang songs by the campfire. But some time later it began to rain. The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent. Their sleeping bags were warm and comfortable, so they all slept soundly. In the middle of the night, two boys woke up and began shouting. The tent was full of water! They all leapt out of their sleeping bags and hurried outside. It was raining heavily and they found that a stream had formed in the field. The stream wound its way across the field and then flowed right under their tent!
 
2.翻译
傍晚时分,孩子们在田野中央搭起了帐篷。这件事刚刚做完,他们就在篝火上烧起了饭。他们全都饿了,饭菜散发出阵阵香味。他们美美地吃了一顿饭后,就围在营火旁讲起了故事,唱起了歌。但过了一阵子。天下起雨来,于是他们扑灭了篝火,钻进了帐篷。睡袋既暖和又舒服,所以,他们都睡得很香。午夜前后,有两个孩子醒了,大声叫了起来。原来帐篷里到处都是水!他们全都跳出睡袋,跑到外面。雨下得很大,他们发现地上已经形成了一条小溪。那小溪弯弯曲曲穿过田野,然后正好从他们的帐篷底下流过去。

 

二、学习视频

 
(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)

 

三、课文精讲

 
(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
1.…the boys put up their tent in the middle of a field.……孩子们在田野中央搭起了帐篷。
in the middle of表示“在……当中”、“在……中间”,既可以用于表示地理位置,又可以用于表示时间或在某个过程当中:
He heard someone shouting in the middle of the night.
午夜前后,他听到有人大声叫喊。
Mary was in the middle of reading when her aunt arrived.
玛丽的姑妈到达时,玛丽正在读书。
in the centre of(在……中部/中央)则一般用于表示地理位置:
Alice Spring is a small town in the centre of Australia.
艾利斯斯普林斯是澳大利亚中部的一个小镇。
2.…they cooked a meal over an open fire.……他们就在篝火上烧起了饭。
open fire指无遮盖的、没有围起来的火,如篝火、盆火等。
3.…they told stories and sang songs by the campfire.……(他们)就围在营火旁讲起了故事,唱起了歌。介词by表示“在……旁边”、“靠近”,通常指距离非常近:Come and sit by me.
过来靠我坐。
There are many trees by the river.
河边有许多树。
4.But some time later it began to rain.但过了一阵子,天下起雨来。
副词 later表示“后来”、“以后”、“过后”:
He told me he would come again later (on).
他告诉我他以后会再来的。
I met her again a few days later.
几天以后我又遇见了她。
5.The stream wound its way across the field and then flowed right under their tent! 那小溪弯弯曲曲穿过田野,然后正好从他们的帐篷底下流过去!
(1)wind表示“曲折而行”时,既可以是及物动词,又可以是不及物动词:
The car wound through the village.
汽车曲曲折折地穿过村子。
The river winds its way through this district.
这条河弯弯曲曲地流经这个地区。
(2)right在此处表示强调,意为“正好”、“恰恰”、“就”。这种用法多见于口语中:
I met him right here.
我就是在这里见到他的。
He hit the man right on the nose.
他正好打中那人的鼻子。

四、单词学习

 
1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
tent n. 帐篷
field n. 田地,田野
smell v. 闻起来
wonderful adj. 极好的
campfire n. 营火,篝火
creep v. 爬行
sleeping bag 睡袋
comfortable adj. 舒适的,安逸的
soundly adv. 香甜地
leap v. 跳跃,跳起
heavily adv. 大量地
stream n. 小溪
form v. 形成
wind v. 蜿蜒
right adv. 正好

 

五、重点难点

 
(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  一般过去时(cf.第3课语法)
  在并列句中,各分句在时态上通常要保持一致。在叙述过去发生的事件时,动词基本上都用一般过去时,但有时也会出现过去完成时和过去进行时,它们的同时使用并不违反动词的“一致原则”:
  They all leapt out of their sleeping bags and hurried outside. It was raining heavily and they found that a stream had formed in the field.
  他们全都跳出睡袋,跑到外面。雨下得很大,他们发现地上已经形成了一条小溪。
  由于一般过去时常常表示过去某个特定的时间发生的事件,因此,它常与when,where等疑问词连用。除了时间状语可以表示特定的时间之外,地点状语也可以暗示或包括特定的时间:
  Where did you last see her?
  你最近在什么地方见过她?
  一般过去时与一般现在时在上下文中同时使用可以表示对比

 

六、练习答案

 
1. d
根据课文第5-6行but some time later it began to rain. The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent…只有d. it had begun to rain and they felt tired 才是孩子们去睡觉的原因。 a. it was late 是事实,但不是他们睡觉的直接原因;b. they had sung songs 不合乎逻辑; c. it began to rain 只是一方面原因,不够完整。
2. c
根据课文最后两行The stream wound its way across the field and then flowed right under the tent! 只有c. The boys had camped in the path of a stream(孩子们在一条小溪穿够的地方露营)与课文的实际情况相符。其他3个选择都与课文实际不符。
3. d
a. it put up, 和 b. their tent put up 语序混乱,不合乎语法; b. put up it 也不对,当宾语是代词时候,应该将it 放在动词和副词之间; 只有d. put their tent up 最合乎语法,语序也对,所以选d.
4. d
a. As soon 不能引导状语从句,因为后面缺少as; b. Just as(正当)可以引导从句,但不太合乎题义,因为它强调两件事情同时发生,而这个句子是表示两件事情一前一后发生,c. Until(直到……为止,在……以前)词义不对,只有d. Just after(刚刚……之后)最合乎题目意思。
5. d
a. they had hunger 不符合英语习惯用法;b. they had hungry 不合乎语法,hungry 是形容词,它前面应该是系动词be,而不是had; c. they were hunger 不合乎语法,系动词were 后面应该跟形容词hungry; 只有d. they felt hungry 最符合语法,因此选d.
6. b
只有选b. near 才能同前一句中的by the campfire(在篝火旁)意思相同。 a. close 不能做介词,可以是close to the campfire; c. besides 是介词,表示“除……外”,词意思不对;d. at (在……上)也不合乎题目意思。
7. a
本句是一般过去时的疑问句,需要选正确的谓语动词。 只有选a. flow 是正确的;b. flowed 是过去式,在疑问句中已经用助动词did 提问了,就不应该用过去式了;c. flew 是fly(飞)的过去式,既不合乎题目意思也不合乎时态;d. fly 词意思不正确。
8. d
a. sing songs(唱歌), b. tell stories(讲故事), c. play(玩) 这3个选择都不能同前面的They cooked a meal 构成因果关系,因此不合乎逻辑。 只有d. eat(吃)能与They cooked a meal 构成因果关系,所以选d.
9. d
本句是对前一句The boys had put out the campfire(孩子们扑灭了篝火)的解释说明.
a. switched on(打开电源)
b. on fire(着火)
c. on (打开的),指电源而不是指火
d. alight(着火的,照亮的)是正确的.
10. c
只有选c. were very quiet(很安静)才与前面的They crept into their tent(他们钻进帐篷)意思相配。因为creep有蹑手蹑脚的含义。a. made a lot of noise(制造很多噪音),b. ran quickly(快跑),d. were very noisy(非常吵闹)这3个选择都不合乎逻辑。
11. c
只有c. comfortable(舒适的)最符合句子的要求,因为系动词were 后面应该跟形容词做表语,说明sleeping bags 的状况. 其他3个选择词性不对,不符合题目意思.
12. c
只有c. deeply 才与前一句soundly 的意思相同。
a. noisily (吵闹地),b. fast (快)都不合乎题目意思。
d. good (好的)是形容词, 不能修饰动词slept.