一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths. he has just bought a new house in the city, but ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners. When he returns home at night, he always finds that someone has parked a car outside his gate. Because of this, he has not been able to get his own car into his garage even once. Jasper has put up 'No Parking' signs outside his gate, but these have not had any effect. Now he has put an ugly stone head over the gate. It is one of the ugliest faces I have ever seen. I asked him what it was and he told me that it was Medusa, the Gorgon. jasper hopes that she will turn cars and their owners to stone. But none of them has been turned to stone yet!
 
2.翻译
贾斯珀.怀特是少有的相信古代神话的人之一。他刚在城里买下一所新房子,但自从搬进去后,就和汽车及车主们发生了磨擦。当他夜里回到家时,总是发现有人把车停在他家大门外。为此,他甚至一次也没能把自己的车开进车库。贾斯珀曾把几块“禁止停车”的牌子挂在大门外边,但没有任何效果。现在他把一个丑陋的石雕头像放在了大门上边,这是我见过的最丑陋的头像之一。我问他那是什么?他告诉我那是蛇发女怪美杜莎。贾斯珀希望她把汽车和车主们都变成石头。但到目前为止还没有一个变成石头呢!

 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-28.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.Jasper White is one of those rare people who believes in ancient myths. 贾斯珀·怀特是少有的相信古代神话的人之一。
  在第21课的课文详注中,我们曾经提到“one of +名词/代词”这个结构,of后面的名词必须是复数,但与这个结构连用的动词必须是单数:
  One of your friends is waiting for you now.
  你的一位朋友正在等你。
  课文中who代指的是one of those rare people,所以动词用believes。
  2.… but ever since he moved in, he has had trouble with cars and their owners.………但自从搬进去后,就和汽车及车主们发生了摩擦。
  ever since的语气比since强,表示“从那以后一直,,主句一般用完成时:
  I've been interested in flying ever since I was a boy.
  自从我的孩提时代起,我就对飞行一直感兴趣。
  He left the village last year and has never returned ever since.
  他去年离开了这座村庄,从那以后一直没有回去过。
  3.Jasper has put up‘No Parking’ signs outside his gate…贾斯珀曾把几块“禁止停车”的牌子挂在大门外边……
  put up在这里表示“挂起”、“竖起”等意思。
  4.Jasper hopes that she will turn cars and their owners to stone.
  贾斯珀希望她把汽车和司机们都变成石头。
  (1)she指的是蛇发女怪美杜莎。根据希腊神话,凡看她一眼的人都会变成石头。
  (2)turn在这儿的意思是“把……变成”,是及物动词:
  They have turned the famous beauty spot to/into an ugly place.
  他们把那著名的风景胜地变成了一个丑陋的地方。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
rare adj. 罕见的
ancient adj. 古代的,古老的
myth n. 神话故事
trouble n. 麻烦
effect n. 结果,效果
Medusa n. 美杜莎(古希腊神话中3位蛇发女怪之一)
Gorgon n. (古希腊神话中的)3位蛇发女怪之一(凡见其貌者都会变成石头)

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  1.现在完成时
  在第4课的语法中我们讲过与现在完成时连用的副词和副词短语,其中包括before(now),so far, up to/till now,just,already,now,ever,never等;还讲过有些用现在完成时的句子
  不需要任何表示时间的词。注意以下句子:
  This is one of the worst photos I've ever taken.
  这是我照过的最差的相片之一。
  What a good film!
  这电影真好!
  Yes, I've never seen such a good film before.
  是的,我从来没看过这么好的电影。
  How many times have you had that dream?
  那个梦你做过几次?
  I've had it three times so far.
  迄今为止我已做过3次。
  除了这些词以外,since和for也常与现在完成时连用,表示直到现在的时段。since一般与一个时间点连用,for一般与一个时间段连用:
  How long have y0u been a doctor?
  你当医生有多久了?
  I've been a doctor since 1989.
  自1989年以来我一直是个医生。
  How long have you worked at the library?
  你在图书馆工作多久了?
  I've worked at the library for a week.
  我来图书馆工作已经一星期了。
  I've lived here since 1980.
  自1980年起我就住在这儿。
  I've lived here for five years.
  我已在这里住了5年了。
  2.关系从句(Relative clauses)及关系代词(Relative pronouns)
  在第1册第121~124课中,我们已接触到关系从句。关系从句又可称为定语从句或形容词从句,它像形容词一样可以形容人、物及事件。关系从句可分为限定性(defining)关系从句(不带逗号)和非限定性(non-defining)关系从句(带逗号)。我们在这里只讨论限定性关系从句。
  可以用来表示人的关系代词有who,whom和that以及所有格形式whose,口语中whom经常由who代替。用来表示事物和动物的关系代词有which和that。不论这些关系代词指的是单数还是复数,其形式都保持不变。关系代词在关系从句中作宾语时往往可以省略,作主语时则不可以:
  This is the photo (that/which) I took.
  这是我拍的照片。(the photo为took的宾语,that/which代替the photo,可省略)
  The man (who/whom) I served was wearing a hat.
  我接待的那个人戴着一顶帽子。(who/whom为served的宾语,可省略)
  The lady who is standing behind the counter served me.
  接待我的是站在柜台后面的那位女士。(who为关系从句的主语,不可省)
  I bought the books which are on the counter.
  我买的就是柜台上的那些书。(which为关系从句的主语,不可省)
  The millionaire whose son ran away from home a week ago is not a kind father.
  有个儿子一周前从家里逃走的那位百万富翁不是个慈父。
  (whose在关系从句中作定语,不可省)
  The girls who are standing behind the counter served us.
  接待我们的是站在柜台后面的那几位姑娘。(who代替复数名词the girls,形式不变)

 

六、练习答案

1. c
根据课文第3行…he has had trouble with cars and their owners…可以看出只有c. is angry with cars and their owners who park in front of his house 与课文的实际情况相符。 a. doesn’t like cars and their owners 和b. doesn’t like cars 都不够准确,其实作者并不是不喜欢所有的汽车和它们的主人,而是停在他住宅前面的小汽车。 d. cant get his car out of his garage 正好与事实相反,课文中的情况是:he has not been able to get his car into his garage……
2. d
本句中的Mdeusa 是古希腊神话中的3位蛇发女怪之一,因此,只有d. he believes in ancient myths(他相信古代神话) 是正确的,与课文事实相符,其他3个选择都不符合事实。
3. b
本句中的主语people(人们,人民)是单数形式但有复数的意义,它通常与复数形式的动词连用。 a. believes 只能用于第3人称单数;c. are believing 是进行时,believe 是一个表示状态的动词,一般不用于进行时态;d. believing 是现在分词,不能做谓语;只有b. believe可以作people 的谓语。
4. b
这是一个现在完成时的句子,只有b. for 能引导表示一段时间的短语,用于完成时中。 而a. since 不能与表示一段时间的短语连用;c. about 不合乎语法,它后面可以跟一个具体的表示一段时间的短语,如for about 3 years; d. ago 不能用于完成时态,只能用于过去时。
5. c
只有c. That's why (那就是为什么)是表示原因或理由的,指前面提到的事情,说明他为何不能把车开进去。而a. For this 不明确, 可以讲for this reason,
b. Because(因为),d. Because of 都不符合逻辑。
6. d
a. an ugly one, b. an ugliest one, c. ugliest one 这3个选择都与前面句子矛盾。 只有选d.之后才合乎前面句的含义:It's one of the ugliest faces I have ever seen.(这是我所见过的最丑陋的面孔之一。)
7. b
只有选b. not one最合乎语法。
a. No one可以独立作主语,后面不应该跟of them;
c. No 不合乎语法,应该是None of them;
d. Even one 不合乎题目意思。
8. d
a. an ancient 中形容词ancient 前不应该加冠词an,
b. ancient(古老的,古代的)不能用来形容现代人,
c. an old 中的形容词old做表语时前面不应有冠词an,
d. old 可以做表语,说明人的年龄或年纪大,所以只能选它。
9. c
a. often(经常),b. never(从不),d. sometimes(有时)这3个词都不合乎题目意思。 只有c. seldom(很少,不常)相当于rarely ,合乎题目意思,所以用c.才能同前一句he is a rare people(他是个少见的人)意思相吻合。
10. d
a. guides(向导),b. conductors(售票员),c. leaders(领导)这3个词都不合乎题目意思,只有d. drivers(司机)意思最贴切。
11. b
a. lables(标签),c. signals(信号,暗号),d. notes(便条,笔记)这3个选择词意思都不够恰当,不符合题目意思.只有b. notices(通告,通知)词意思最贴切.
12. a
只有a. affected(影响,打动)最符合题目的意思.才能同前一句的意思一致.
b. effected(生效), c. resulted in(造成,导致), d. imposed(强加于)这儿个都不符合题目的意思.