一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a young man. Before he retired, Frank was the head of a very large business company, but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. It was his job to repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours a day. He saved money for years and in 1958 he bought a small workshop of his own. In his twenties Frank used to make spare parts for aeroplanes. At that time he had two helpers. In a few years the small workshop had become a large factory which employed seven hundred and twenty-eight people. Frank smiled when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success. He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. She wanted him to repair their grandson's bicycle!
 
2.翻译
昨天下午弗兰克.霍金斯向我讲述了他年轻时的经历。在退休前,弗兰克是一家非常大的商业公司的经理,但他小时候却在一家小铺里做工。他那时的工作是修理自行车,并且通常是一天工作14个小时。他靠多年积蓄,于1958年买下了自己的一个小铺子。20多岁的时候,弗兰克曾生产飞机零配件。那时他有两个帮手。几年之后,小铺子已经发展成了一个雇有728人的大工厂。弗兰克回想着他早年的艰难经历和走过的漫长的成功之路,微笑了。他正笑着的时候门开了,他的妻子走了进来。她叫他去修理孙子的自行车。

 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-31.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.Before he retired, Frank was the head of a very large business company, but as a boy he used to work in a small shop. 在退休前,弗兰克是一家非常大的商业公司的经理,但他小时侯却在一家小铺里做工。
  (1)head在此处的意思不是人或动物的“头部”,而是“首领”、“头目”,一般出现在“the head of +名词”结构中:
  John is the head of the family.
  约翰是一家之主。
  Frank is the head of that firm.
  弗兰克是那家公司的总裁。
  (2) as在这里为介词,表不“当……时”,as a boy相当于 as he was a boy。
  2.It was his job to repair bicycles…他那时的工作是修理自行车……
  it为“先行主语”,句子的真正主语为to repair bicycles。
  3.He saved money for years and in 1958 he bought a small workshop of his own. 他靠多年积蓄,于1958年买下了自己的一个小铺子。
  (1)for years表示“许多年”。
  (2)of one's own为固定短语,表示“自己的”、“属于自己的”,own为代词:
  He wanted a room of his own.
  他想要一个自己的房间。
  Do you have a house of your own?
  你有自己的房子吗?
  4.in one's twenties,(在某人)二十多岁的时候。
  one's twenties/thirties/forties…,二十多岁/三十多岁/四十多岁……10的倍数的复数形式可用于表达近似的、非确定的数量,与所有格形容词(my等)连用时表示大约的年龄:
  My aunt Jennifer is in her late thirties/early forties, but she often appears on the stage as a young girl.
  我的姑妈詹妮弗已接近四十岁/四十出头,但她却常在舞台上扮演小姑娘。
  5.Frank smiled when he remembered his hard early years and the long road to success. 弗兰克回想着他早年的艰难经历和走过的漫长的成功之路,微笑了。
  (1)hard意思很多,在这里指“艰难的”、“困苦的”:
  She lived a hard life in those years.
  那些年她的生活很艰难。
  (2)one's early years指某人的早年(生活),意义相近的表达方式为early in one's life。
  (3) the long road to success是一种比喻的说法,因为success是抽象名词。to在这里表示方向、目的地,意义为“朝”、“往”、“向”等,这个短语的字面意义为“通向成功的漫漫长路”。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
retire v. 退休
company n. 公司
bicycle n. 自行车
save v. 积蓄
workshop n. 车间
helper n. 帮手,助手
employ v. 雇佣
grandson n. 孙子

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  1.过去进行时与一般过去时
  在第7课的语法中我们学习了过去进行时。它主要表示过去某个时刻或某段时间正在进行的动作,和一般过去时经常在一个句子里使用。与一般过去时相比,它更强调动作的持续性,一般过去时则表示比较短暂的动作或事件。在叙述故事时,过去进行时往往用来表示背景:
  Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a young man.
  昨天下午弗兰克·霍金斯向我讲述了他年轻时的经历。
  He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.
  他正笑着的时候门开了,他的妻子走了进来。
  Last Sunday, I went and sat on the river bank as usual.
  Some children were playing games on the bank and there were some people rowing on the river.
  上星期天,我和往常一样,又去河边坐着。河岸上有些孩子正在玩耍,河面上有些人正在划船。(过去进行时描述背景)
  比较典型的表示过去正在进行的动作的表达方式如:
  2.used to do
  我们用used to do表示过去有过但现在已不存在的习惯,以便将过去与现在形成对照。它后面经常用由but now…,but
  not…any more/any longer等构成的、用了一般现在时的句子以强调过去和现在的不同之处。
  I used to smoke, but I don't any more/any longer.我过去常吸烟,但现在已不吸了。
  He used to be a lazy boy, but now he is very hard-working.他过去是个懒孩子,但现在他很勤奋。
  used to仅用于一般过去时。它的疑问句和否定句形式可以不用助动词do而用used本身

 

六、练习答案

1. d
根据课文第4-5行…he used to work fourteen hours a day. He saved money for years…可以看出,只有d. worked hard and saved his money 能概括他年轻时的所做所为,其他3个选择都不够完整。
2. b
根据课文最后两句…when the door opened and his wife came in. She wanted him to repair their grandson’s bicycle! 只有b. but he might occasionally repair a bicycle(但是他有时修理自行车)最符合课文的实际情况,其他3个选择都与事实不符。
3. a
前一句Frank used to work in a small shop 的含义是“佛兰克过去曾在一家小铺里工作,现在已经不在那儿工作了。”只有a. doesn't any more(不再做了)最合乎题目意思。b. still does(仍然做),c. is now(现在),d. has never done anything else(从来没有做过别的)这3个选择都不对。
4. c
只有c. each(每)才与前一句中的a 意思相同。而其它3个选择都不合题目意思。
5. a
只有选a. his own 最符合语法。 其他3个选择都不是正确的表达方式。
6. a
本句应该用被动语态才合乎题目意思。b. employed 和 d. employ (雇用)都是主动语态,故不应该选b.和d. ; c. are employed 是被动语态,但时态不对,因为句子中的时间状语是In his twenties(他二十几岁时),所以应该用过去式;只有a. were employed 是被动语态,过去式,最合乎语法,因此只能选a.
7. d
从回答中可以看出,只有选d. Whose is 最合乎语法。其他3个选择都是错误的形式。
8. a
a. director(工厂,公司的主任,指导者),b. headmaster(校长),c. superior(上级,上司),d. leader(领导,领袖)。本句中只有选a.词意思最贴切。
9. b
只有b. economise(节省)同前面的saved money 意思一致,所以应该选b.
a. spare it(节省,爱惜)只能用于否定或疑问句中,故不能选;
c. keep it(保留,保存它)不合题目意思;
d. rescue it (解救,救出)也不合乎题目意思。
10. c
只有c. factory(工厂)最符合题目意思;
a. industry(工业)词意思不对;
b. fabric(织品, 织物, 布, 结构, 建筑物, 构造);也不合乎题目意思。
d. workhouse(贫民院;济贫院)
11. a
只有a. They worked for him (他们为他干事) 才与前一句He employed over seven hundred people(他雇用了七百多人)的含义相符。 b. He worked for them (他为他们工作),c. They employed him(他们雇用了他),d. They were in charge(他们负责)这3个选择都不对。
12. c
a. went in (进去) 方向不对,应该是came in(进来);b. entered in 和 entered into 都不符合语法; 只有c. entered(进入) 最符合题目意思和语法。