新概念第三册1: A puma at large
 

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二、课文

Pumas are large, cat-like animals which are found in America. When reports came into London Zoo that a wild puma had been spotted forty-five miles south of London, they were not taken seriously. However, as the evidence began to accumulate, experts from the Zoo felt obliged to investigate, for the descriptions given by people who claimed to have seen the puma were extraordinarily similar.
The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman picking blackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her. It immediately ran away when she saw it, and experts confirmed that a puma will not attack a human being unless it is cornered. The search proved difficult, for the puma was often observed at one place in the morning and at another place twenty miles away in the evening. Wherever it went, it left behind it a trail of dead deer and small animals like rabbits. Paw prints were seen in a number of places and puma fur was found clinging to bushes. Several people complained of "cat-like noises' at night and a businessman on a fishing trip saw the puma up a tree. The experts were now fully convinced that the animal was a puma, but where had it come from? As no pumas had been reported missing from any zoo in the country, this one must have been in the possession of a private collector and somehow managed to escape. The hunt went on for several weeks, but the puma was not caught. It is disturbing to think that a dangerous wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside.

三、单词精讲

1、puma ['pju:mə]
●   n. 美洲狮
扩展词汇:
jaguar ['dʒæɡjʊə(r)] 美洲虎(Jaguar为车辆品牌,译为捷豹)
leopard ['lepəd] 豹;美洲豹,金钱豹;
leopard pattern 豹纹
 
2、spot [spɒt]
 ●  n. 现场
e.g.
The police is on the spot
警方在现场
scenic spot [ˈsi:nɪk spɔt] 景点
 ●  n. 斑点
e.g.
The leopard cannot change its spot.
江山易改,本性难移(谚语)
 ●  v. 发现
e.g.
He spotted his friend in the crowd.
他在人群中发现了他的朋友。
重点词组:
spot sb. doing sth.
 
3、evidence ['evɪdəns]
●   n. 证据(不可数)
e.g.
There wasn't enough evidence to prove his guilty.
没有足够的证据证明他有罪。
●   v. 证明
e.g.
His answer evidenced his shame.
他的回答证明他的羞愧。
 
4、accumulate [ə'kju:mjəleɪt]
●   v.积累
e.g.
She accumulated a fortune by investing wisely.
她依靠聪明的投资累积了一大笔财富。
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  at large:逃遁的,没有被控制的
  详细地(in detail)
  总体来讲(as a whole)
  在英文的表达方式中,首先呈现给读者的是结果
  写议论文的时候要注意把握观点
  Pandas are large cat-like animals which are found in Asia.
  life-like: 栩栩如生的
  一般来讲定语从句和同位语从句紧随在被修缮名词后面,但为了保持句子平衡,也可以把谓语动词放到从句之前
  定语从句只是对于被修缮词的补充说明、修缮;
  同位语从句则是讲述被修饰名词的内容
  定语从句的引导词:
  指人:主语who; 宾语who/whom; 定语 whose
  表达事物:that(也可以指人)/which
  时间状语:when; 地点状语:where; 原因状语:why
  同位语从句:名词做主语、宾语等,关系词用that而不是which
  时间-when; 地点-where
  An idea came to her that she might do the experiment in another way.
  I have no idea what has happened to him。
  定语从句中没有what这个关系词,但它可以引导同位语从句
  take sth.seriously :deal with sth.seriously
  take sth.lightly
  as: 随着
  过去分词做定语
  声称曾经做过某事:claim to have done sth.
  I still remember the school where I studied English.
  confirm: be sure,be certain
  search=hunt
  把某物留在后面:leave behind
  英文的表达方式重点在于突出客观事实,而中文则善于运用动作的执行者
  complain of /about 抱怨
  on + 名词:强调动作正在进行
  on the rise :在上升
  on the increase: 在增加
  on the watch: 在观看
  on the match: 在比赛中
  on the fishing trip: 在钓鱼的途中
  on holiday: 在度假
  fully: completely,entirely
  in the possession of sb.=in sb.'s possession 归某人所有
  in possession of sth. 拥有某物
  take possession of 拥有
  The beautiful car is in my possession/in the possession of me
  I am in possession of the beautiful car
  The person in possession of the big house is excited.
  It is disturbing to think that...
  熟读并背诵第一自然段
  at large
  take something seriously
  cling to
  leave behind
  complain of
  in the possession of/in possession of
  feel obliged to investigate
  a woman picking blackberries
  a businessman on fishing trip
  go on for several weeks
  in the quiet countryside

四、课后练习答案

Multiple choice questions 多项选择
  1… 正确答案:D
  in common adv.共有 (替换了similar)
  
  2… 正确答案:B
  A)只是一个具体的特定的事列,阅读理解题的时候要把握中心大意
  B)large cat
  persuade v.说服, 劝说
  
  3… 答案正确:C?
  做理解题时要紧扣主题、紧扣中心大意
  文章最后一句话总结了大意
  
  句型结构题和词汇题是每课的关键
  4… 答案正确:C
  Make的用法:
  make somebody do(在主动语态中不定式的符号to应该省略)
  be made to do(被动语态中不定式的符号to必须补充完整)
  -- They made her wait for hours. She was made to wait for hours.
  
  5… 答案正确: D?
  A)把say改成claim就对了 (-- People claimed to have seen the puma.)
  D)清楚的道明了动作发生的先后关系
  
  6… 正确答案:B
  原句中的 when引导的时间状语从句表示:-...就…(as soon as)
  被动:On being observed, it immediately ran away.
  主动:On observing her, it immediately ran away.
  On seeing me, he waved to me.
7… 正确答案:D
  except可以和名词/名词性从句进行搭配(也可是when/if引导的从句形式)
  unless = if...not = except on the condition that…
  when = if
  -- …except when they are cornered. = …except if they are cornered.
  -- Whenever you come, you are welcome. = If ever you come, you are welcome.
  
  8… 正确答案:D
  A)must be只是对客观现实的推测,时态不一致
  -- 对于过去事实推测一定要用:情态动词+ have +过去分词
  
  9… 正确答案:C
  on more than = nothing more than = only / within = not more than
  
  10… 正确答案:B
  in a corner 偷偷摸摸地, 暗中地, 秘密地
  in a trap 落于陷阱中
  at an angle 不正的, 倾斜的(angle n.角, 角度, 角落, 墙角, 棱角)
  under cover 在遮蔽处, 秘密地, 暗中
  
  11... 正确答案:B
  fishes for pleasure 钓鱼消遣
  travel for pleasure 外出游玩
  read for pleasure 阅读消遣
  
  12…
  on one’s own adv.独自地, 独立地, 主动地 (= alone)
  for one’s own benefit 为了某人自己的利益。