简单句的五种基本句型
 

一、什么是简单句

只有一个主谓结构的独立分句叫做简单句。在简单句中,主语和谓语可以由一个词或短语充当,也可以由两个或两个以上的词或短语充当,组成并列的主语或并列的谓语。除了主语和谓语外,简单句中还可以有宾语、定语、状语、补语等。

二、英语简单句的五种基本句型

1、主语+动词
e.g. Birds fly.
2、主语+动词+宾语
e.g. The early bird catches the worm.
3、主语+系动词+表语
e.g. They are birds of a feather
4、主语+动词+宾语+补语
e.g. I heard the birds singing merrily.
5、主语+动词+间宾+直宾
e.g. She bought the bird a cage.

三、简单句的扩展

主语的扩展:
1、不定式
His efforts to carry out the task is admirable.
2、分词
The room facing the yard is her study.
3、with结构
A woman with a baby in her arm entered the room.
谓语的扩展:
1、不定式
She appeared to have suffered a lot.
2、并列成分
She neither hates nor loves him.
3、空间状语
An old pine tree stood in front of his house.
表语的扩展:
1、be+形容词+不定式
She is willing to lend me the money.
2、be+形容词+to
He is blind to his own mistake.
3、be+形容词+at
He is no expert at english.