新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)
新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened to her. One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm. Towards evening, the boat struck a rock and the girl jumped into the sea. Then she swam to the shore after spending the whole night in the water. During that time she covered a distance of eight miles. Early next morning, she saw a light ahead. She knew she was near the shore because the light was high up on the cliffs. On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towards the light she had seen. That was all she remembered. When she woke up a day later, she found herself in hospital.
 
2.翻译
几乎过了一个星期,那姑娘才能讲述自己的遭遇。一天下午,她乘小船从海岸出发,遇上了风暴。天将黑时,小船撞在了一块礁石上,姑娘跳进了海里。她在海里游了整整一夜才游到岸边。在那段时间里,她游了8英里。第二天凌晨,她看到前方有灯光,知道自己已经接近岸边了,因为那灯光是在高高的峭壁上。到达岸边后,姑娘朝着她看到的灯光方向挣扎着往峭壁上爬去。她所记得的就是这些。第二天她醒来时,发现自己躺在医院里。

 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened to her. 几乎过了一个星期,那姑娘才能讲述自己的遭遇。
  (1)
  这句话有两个从句。before一直到结尾是句子的时间状语从句。在这个从句中,explain又有自己的宾语从句,what为这个从句的主语。
  (2) before在引导时间状语从句时,有时不一定译为“在……之前”,虽然表达的是这个意思,如文中的这句话。类似的情况有:
  It will be months before he can come back.
  要过好几个月他才能回来。
  He ran off before his mother could stop him.
  他母亲还没来得及阻止他,他就跑掉了。
  2.One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm. 一天下午,她乘小船从海岸出发,遇上了风暴。
  (1)
  我们已经学过 set out表示“出发”:
  Captain Alison will set out at eight o'clock.
  艾利森船长将于8点钟启航。
  set out from表示“从……出发”。
  (2) be caught in表示某人“(突然)遇到/上(风暴等)”:
  He was caught in a heavy rain on the way home.
  他在回家途中遇到了大雨。
  3.Then she swam to the shore after spending the whole night in the water. 她在海里游了整整一夜才游到岸边。
  介词after的宾语是动名词spending及这个动名词的宾语、状语,这个结构在意义上等于 after she had spent the whole nightin the water。
  4.During that time she covered a distance of eight miles. 在那段时间里,她游了8英里。
  (1)that time指上句话中提到的the whole night。
  (2)cover可以笼统地表示“行过(一段路程)”,根据上下文可具体译为“走过”、“飞过”、“游过”等:
  The bird covered the distance in three minutes.
  这只鸟用3分钟飞完了全程。
  (3)
  表示具体的距离可以用“a distance of+ 具体长度”这个结构。
  5.high up on the cliffs,
  在高高的峭壁上。
  up为形容词,
  表示“在上面的”、“高高的”、“在较高处的”,high为副词,修饰up。
  6.On arriving at the shore, the girl struggled up the cliff towardsthe light she had seen.
  到达岸边后,姑娘朝着她看到的灯光方向挣扎着往峭壁上爬去。
  (1)“on+ 动名词”相当于 as soon as或 when 引导的时间状语从句:
  On reaching the airport, he was arrested by the police.
  他一到机场就被警察逮捕了。
  (2) she had seen为 the light的定语从句,关系代词 that/which省略了。
  (3)up 在此处为介词,表示“沿着……往上”。
  7.That was all she remembered. 她所记得的就是这些。
  that指前面(从第2句话开始)描述的内容。she remembered为all 的定语从句,关系代词that(不能用which)被省略了。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
darkness n.
explain v.
coast n.
storm n.
towards prep.
rock n.
shore n.
light n.
ahead adv.
cliff n.
struggle v.
hospital n.

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  用于表示方向和目的地的介词和副词(也被称为小品词)
  (1)表示“上”、“下”
  的两对小品词是on和off,up和 down:Jim's standing on the roof. I hope he won't fall off.吉姆正站在房顶上。我希望他不会掉下来。
  Tom's climbing up the tree. I hope he won't fall down.汤姆正在爬树。我希望他不要摔下来。
  (2)
  表示“来”、“去”
  的一对小品词是from和to;towards的意义与to相近,表示“朝”、“向”、“接近”等; for在有些动词后面也表示“往”、“向”的意思:
  He came from Moscow. He's going to New York.
  他从莫斯科来。
  他将要去纽约。
  The plane flies from Moscow to New York.
  这架飞机从莫斯科飞往纽约。
  He went towards the shop quickly.
  他快速地向商店走去。
  He went for home.
  他回家了。
  He left/ set out for New York yesterday.
  他昨天动身去纽约了。
  (3)
  表示“进去”、“出来”
  这两种方向的介词为into和out of;表示“在某个地方”或“在……里面/外面”可用 at,in,out of等;表示目的地或位置往往用at:
  When did you come into the restaurant?
  你什么时候进的餐馆?
  You weren't in the restaurant when I come in.
  我进来的时候你不在餐馆。
  We ran out of the house.
  我们从屋里跑了出来。
  We arrived in the country on Sunday.
  星期天我们到达乡下。(范围大时用in)
  We arrived at the station in the evening.
  晚上我们到达车站。(范围小时用at)
  (4)表示“穿过”、“越过”、“绕过”
  等动作时,往往用 through,across,under,over,round等介词:
 

六、课后练习答案

1. d
根据课文第2-4行One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat... Towards evening, the boat struck a rock and the girl jumped into the sea. 可以推测出只有 d. for about four hours(大约四小时)最接近女孩在船上所呆的时间. 因为她下午起航,将近傍晚时船遇难,所以她不可能在船上停留a. all day(一整天),b. all night(一夜), c. for about 10 hours(大约10小时),所以d.是正确答案.
2. b
根据课文第一句Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain what had happened 可以看出,只有b. but some time passed before she could explain what had happened to her 与课文的实际情况相符合,其他3个选择都不符合文章事实。
3. d
只有d. what happened to her? 最符合语法; 而a. happen 不合乎语法,如果是一般现在时,what 后面应跟单数形式的动词; b. was happened 语态不对,应为主动语态; c. happening 是现在分词,不能做谓语。
4. a
只有a. having spent 最符合语法和题目意思。这是现在分词的完成式,在句子中作时间状语,表示已经完成的动作。b. having spending有语法错误,having 后面应跟过去分词;c. when spending(当……逗留时)不符合题目意思,d. had spent 是过去完成时,不能做表示时间的短语。
5. c
这个疑问句是对距离提问的,回答是Eight miles. a. away far 和 b. far from 都不符合语法; d. long(长)是对长度或时间提问的,不太合乎题目意思。 只有c. far away 最符合语法和题目意思。
6. b
只有b. any more 才能同前一句 That was all she remembered(她所记得的就是这些)的含义相同。 a. some more 不能用于否定句中; c. no more 不符合题目意思,在否定句中不应该再用no more 而形成双重否定; d. none more 不是正确的表达方式。
7. b
只有b. to 最正确。 介词to表示方向,有“向”,“去”“到”的含义,它可以同take 连用表示“把……带到”。其他3个选择a. at the, c. in, d. in the 虽然都表示地点,但没有“到”的含义,他们一般不和take连用。
8. c
根据前一句She was caught in a storm(她遇上了暴风雨)的含义,本句需要选出描绘天气的词.
a. fine(晴的),不合乎题目意思.
b. warm and sunny(暖和而有阳光的)也不符合题目意思.
d. wet(潮湿的)不够确切
只有c. very rough(有暴风雨的,狂暴的)正确.
9. c
只有c. in front of (在……前面)同前一句中的ahead的意思相符;a. behind(在……后面), b. beside(在……旁边), d. above(在……上方) 词意思都不对。
10. c
本句的主语cliffs(悬崖峭壁)需要选出一个能描述它特征的形容词.
a. narrow(窄的), b. wide(宽的) d. sharp(尖锐的)3个词都不能描述cliffs.
只有c. steep(陡峭的)最合适.
11. a
前一句She struggled up the cliff (她挣扎着往峭壁上爬去)说明这是很不容易做的事情,所以只能选a. easy. 其他3个选择b. hard(艰苦的),c. difficult(困难的),d. long(长的)词意思都不合乎题目意思。
12. c
本句需要选出一个与前一句的remembered(想起)意思相同的词.
a. remind(提醒,使想起),与remember 意思不太一样. b. memorise (记住,熟记)强调用心去记或者背下来. d. mind(介意,留意)与remember 意思不太一样.只有c. recollect(想起,记起)与remember 意思相同.