一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Roy Trenton used to drive a taxi. A short while ago, however, he became a bus driver and he has not regretted it. He is finding his new work far more exciting. When he was driving along Catford Street recently, he saw two thieves rush out of a shop and run towards a waiting car. One of them was carrying a bag full of money. Roy acted quickly and drove the bus straight at the thieves. The one with the money got such a fright that he dropped the bag. As the thieves were trying to get away in their car, Roy drove his bus into the back of it. While the battered car was moving away, Roy stopped his bus and telephoned the police. The thieves' car was badly damaged and easy to recognize. Shortly afterwards, the police stopped the car and both men were arrested.
 
2.翻译
罗伊.特雷顿原是开出租汽车的,然而就在前不久,他开上了公共汽车,也并不为此而感到后悔。他发觉自己的新工作令人兴奋得多。最近,当他正开车在凯特福德街上行驶时,看到有两个小偷从一家商店里冲出来,奔向等在那里的一辆汽车,其中一个提着一只装满钞票的提包。罗伊行动迅速,开车直冲窃贼而去。拿钱的那个小偷吓得把提包都扔了。当那两个小偷企图乘车逃跑时,罗伊驾驶他的公共汽车撞在了那辆车的后尾上。当那辆被撞坏的车开走后,罗伊停下车,给警察打了电话。小偷的车损坏严重,很容易辨认。没过多久,警察就截住了那辆车,两个小偷都被抓住了。

 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-35.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.A short while ago, however, he became a bus driver and be has not regretted it.然而就在前不久,他开上了公共汽车,也并不为此而感到后悔。
  (1)while作名词表示“一会儿”、“(一段)时间”时常与a连用,有时也与the,this等连用:
  They haven't seen each other for a long while.
  他们有很长时间没见面了。
  Have you been in Australia all this while?
  这段时间你一直在澳大利亚吗?
  I saw her a short while ago.
  我刚才还见到她了。
  (2)句尾的it代指 he became a bus driver这件事。
  2.far more exciting,令人兴奋得多。
  在形容词和副词的比较级与最高级前面,可以用far(相当于much)来表示强调:
  It's for/ much colder today than it was yesterday.
  今天比昨天要冷得多。
  Houses are far/ much more expensive these days.
  如今的房价贵多了。
  This is(by) far the most expensive bicycle in the shop.
  这是这家商店里最贵的自行车。(比其他的要贵好多)
  3.… saw two thieves rush out of a shop and run towards a waiting car.……
  看到两个小偷从一家商店里冲出来,奔向等在那里的一辆汽车。
  (1) see和其他一些感知动词(如 feel, hear,notice, smell, watch 等)
  可以用在动词+名词或代词宾语+不带to的不定式结构中;
  I saw him climb through the window.
  我看见他爬进窗户。
  这些动词的宾语相当于不定式的主语,上句即:
  I saw that he climbed through the window.
  (译文同上)
  在课文中的这句话中,rush和run是two thieves的两个连续的动作。
  (2) waiting为现在分词作定语,表示“等待着的”、“等在那里的”。
  4.The one with the money got such a fright that he dropped the bag.拿钱的那个小偷吓得把提包都扔了。
  (1)with 表示“带着”、“拿着”。
  (2) such(a)+名词+ that与 so+形容词+ that一样,后面引导的是结果状语从句,
  通常译为“如此……以致……”:
  They are such wonderful players that they will surely win the game.
  他们都是如此出色的运动员,所以肯定能在这场比赛中获胜。
  5.As the thieves were trying to get away in their car, Roy drove his bus into the back of it. 当那两个小偷企图乘车逃跑时,罗伊驾驶他的公共汽车撞在了那辆车的后尾上。
  (1)
  短语动词 get away 的含义之一为“逃跑”、“逃脱”:
  How did the thief get away?
  小偷是如何逃掉的?
  (2)句尾的it指小偷的那辆小汽车; back 指车的“后部”、“尾部”;drive into 的原义为“把(汽车)开进”,
  这里是指撞上。
  6.the battered car,
  那辆被撞坏的车。
  battered 为过去分词,作定语,相当于 the car which was battered。
  类似的有 a broken window等。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
while n. 一段时间
regret v. 后悔
far adv. 非常
rush v. 冲
act v. 行动
straight adv. 径直
fright n. 害怕
battered adj. 撞坏的
shortly adv. 很快,不久
afterwards adv. 以后

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  复习一般现在时、一般过去时、现在完成时和被动语态(cf.第26课、第27课、第 28课、第 31课与第 34课语法)
  一般现在时通常用于表示目前的状况或动作以及习惯性的动作;一般过去时则指过去某个时间所做的动作,不强调与现在的关系;词组used to只能用于过去时,表示过去有过而现在已没有的习惯等;
  现在完成时通常指过去发生的但与现在有联系的动作。这几种时态在一定的上下文中可以同时出现:
  John hasn't recognised that woman yet. Do you recognise her?
  约翰还没有认出那位妇女。你能认出她吗?
  在第34课的语法中,我们讲到被动语态的用法之一是为了突出主语并避免用不明确的词作主语
 

六、课后练习答案

1. a
根据课文第1-3行Roy Trenton used to drive a taxi… He is finding his new work far more exciting, 可以推测只有a. prefers driving a bus to driving a taxi 是正确的,其他3个选择都与课文内容不符。
2. d
根据课文第9-10行The thieves’ car was badly damaged and easy to recognize 可以看出,只有d. it was easy for the police to catch the thieves(警察很容易抓到小偷)是课文所暗示的结果,前3个选择都与课文事实不符。
3. a
前一句中的used to drive a taxi 含义是“过去开出租车,但现在已经不做了”,只有a. has stopped driving (已经停止开出租了)同前一句意思相符,所以选a.
b. is used to driving 和c. got used to driving 都是“习惯开出租”的意思,不合乎题目意思;d. still drives(现在仍然开出租)与前一句含义相反。
4. d
本句中的谓语动词notice(注意到)后面应该跟不带to的动词不定式或V-ing ,即notice sb. do/doing sth.
a. to come, b. are coming, c. in coming都不符合语法,只有d. come是不带to的动词不定式,符合语法,所以选d.
5. d
本句的疑问词which(哪一个)是针对名词thief 提问的,只有选d. The one 最合乎语法和逻辑。 其他3个选择都不合乎语法,意思都讲不通。
6. a
本句中的frightened 是过去分词做表语,相当于形容词,只有a. so 可以修饰形容词,最合乎语法。b. such 和c. such a 不能修饰形容词,只能用在名词前; d. a so 不合乎语法,so 前面不应该加冠词a.
7. d
本句只有选d. too(太)才合乎题目意思。 Too 常用于这种结构:It is too + adj. + for sb. to do sth. 。 若选a. much 和b. very 虽然语法讲得通,但不符合习惯用法;c. many 不能修饰形容词,所以不合乎语法。
8. a
前一句He hasn't regretted it 中的regretted 是“后悔”“惋惜”的意思。只有a. isn't sorry about 中的sorry有“遗憾,惋惜的含义,同前一句意思吻合。
b. doesn't pity 不同情,不怜悯 与前一句意思不符合。c. isn’t pleased with (不满意,不高兴), d. doesn’t laugh about(不笑话)这3个选择都与前一句意思不符。
9. b
a. excited(感到激动的)的主语应该是人,而本句是it 做形式主语,真正主语是to drive a bus, 故不应该选a; c. excite(动词)和 d. excitedly (副词)都不能做表语;只有b. exciting(令人激动的)形容事物而不是人,最合乎题目意思,因此应该选b.
10. a
b. immediately, c. at once, d.soon 这三个词意思相同或相近,都有快,马上的含义,都不符合题意,故都不选 . a. directly(直接地,径直地)符合题意,所以选a.
11. d
只有d. let it fall(让它掉下)同前一句中的dropped含义相同,所以选d.
a. let it (让它);b. left it(留下它,离开它);c. fell it(使它倒下)这3个选择都与dropped意思不同。
12. d
本句中的battered 是“撞坏的”意思。 a. saw it (看到它), b. rang the police(给警察打电话), c. recognized(认出它)这3个选择都不合乎逻辑,因为都不是battered(撞坏)的原因。 只有d. hit it(打,碰撞)是battered的原因,所以只能选d.