新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)
新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
My old friend, Harrison, had lived in the Mediterranean for many years before he returned to England. He had often dreamed of retiring in England and had planned to settle down in the country. He had no sooner returned than he bought a house and went to live there. Almost immediately he began to complain about the weather, for even though it was still summer, it rained continually and it was often bitterly cold. After so many years of sunshine, Harrison got a shock. He acted as if he had never lived in England before. In the end, it was more than he could bear. He had hardly had time to settle down when he sold the house and left the country. The dream he had had for so many years ended there. Harrison had thought of everything except the weather.
 
2.翻译
我的老朋友哈里森在回到英国以前曾多年居住在地中海地区。过去他常幻想退休后到英国,并计划在乡间安顿下来。他刚一回到英国便买下了一幢房子住了进去。但紧接着他就开始抱怨那里的天气了。因为即使那时仍为夏季,但雨总是下个不停,而且常常冷得厉害。在阳光下生活了那么多年的哈里森对此感到惊奇。他的举动就好像他从未在英国生活过一样。最后,他再也忍受不住,还没等安顿下来就卖掉了房子,离开了这个国家。他多年来的幻想从此破灭。哈里森把每件事情都考虑到了,唯独没想到天气。

 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.He had often dreamed of retiring in England and had planned to settle down in the country.过去他常幻想退休后到英国,并计划在乡间安顿下来。
  (1)dream of 在这里不表示具体的做梦,
  而是“幻想”、“向往”的意思:
  Frank used to dream of having a car of his own.
  弗兰克过去常幻想拥有一辆自己的车。
  (2)settle down 是个固定短语,
  可以表示“定居”、“安身”、“安顿”等含义:
  They settled down in Australia in 1988.
  他们1988年在澳大利亚定居了。
  After two years of travelling, I want to settle down now.
  旅行了两年之后,我现在想过安定的日子了。
  2.Almost immediately he began to complain about the weather, for even though it was still summer, it rained continually and it was often bitterly cold. 但紧接着他就开始抱怨那里的天气了。 因为即使那时仍为夏季,但雨总是下个不停,而且常常冷得厉害。
  (1)for 在这里为连词,
  为所陈述的事说出原因。它与 because不同,不能用于句首。并且在for后面必须重复主语:
  I don't have a car, for I can't afford it.
  我没有车,因为我买不起。
  (2)连词even though引导的是让步状语从句,
  表示“即使”、“虽然”:
  Even though we were very tired, we went on with the work.
  虽然我们已非常累了,我们仍然继续干活。
  3.He acted as if be had never lived in England before.他的举动就好像他从未在英国生活过一样。
  连词 as if/ though 引导方式状语从句,通常跟在描述行为举止的动词之后,如act, appear, feel, look, smell, sound等后面:
  She acted as if she were mad.
  她的举动像疯了一样。
  It feels as if/ though it's going to rain.
  这天气给人的感觉好像是要下雨。
  4.In the end, it was more than he could bear. 最后,他再也忍受不住。
  more than在这里表示“超过……的范围”:
  This piece of news is more than I can believe.
  我无法相信这条消息。
  这种用法与它通常表示“比……更多”的用法稍有不同:
  There were more than ten people in the room.
  房间里不止10个人。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
except prep. 除了
Mediterranean n. 地中海
complain v. 抱怨
continually adv. 不断地
bitterly adv. 刺骨地
sunshine n. 阳光

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  过去完成时
  在第14课的语法中,我们学习了过去完成时的构成和基本用法。它经常与一般过去时连用,表示在过去某个动作发生前完成的动作:
  When I arrived, Jane had left.
  我到时,简已经走了。(走发生在我到达之前)
  与过去完成时连用的表示时间的词或词组有when, after, as
  soon as, (not) until, by that time, (never) before, already, for, since, just等,
  另外它还常与连词no sooner…than和 hardly…when连用。(cf.词汇学习)过去完成时不能与副词ago 连用(ago只能与一般过去时连用):
  He hadn't finished it by yesterday evening.
  到昨天晚上他还没做完。
 

六、课后练习答案

1. b
根据课文第2-3行He had often dreamed of retiring in England and …, 可以推测只有b. Spending his old age in England 与 Harrison 当时的愿望相符,其他3个选择都不是他所期待的。
2. c
根据课文第1句My old friend, Harrison, had lived in the Mediterranean for many years before he returned to England, 可以判断出只有c. He had spent so long in the Mediterranean, he had forgotten what it was like 是他为什么不能容忍英国天气的原因。a. It never stopped raining 与课文实际情况不太符合,课文说总是下雨,并不是“永远不停地下”;b. it was always cold 虽然与课文的内容相符,但不是他为什么不能忍受英国天气的原因。 d. he had never lived in England before 与事实不符,更不是原因。
3. a
主句是过去完成时,表示在过去某一时刻之前发生的事情,从句应该由连词before引导才合乎时态要求,因此只能选a. before. 其他3个都不符合题目意思。
4. a
主句是过去时,从句是虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反。因此需要选一个能引导虚拟语气的连词。a. as though 和d. even if 都可以引导虚拟语气的从句,但是d. even if(即使)不合乎逻辑,a. as though( 好像)合乎题目意思,所以选a. He acted as though he had never lived in England before 而b. like 和 c. as 都不能引导虚拟句。
5. c
只有选c. any longer 才能同前一句It was more than he could bear(他再也忍受不住了)的意思相吻合。any longer 是固定短语常与否定句连用,表示“再也不……”,所以选c. 其他3个都不符合习惯用法。
6. b
只有b. when 可以同本句的hardly 连用,表示“几乎未来得及……就……”,因此应该选b. 其他3个都不能同hardly 连用。
7. d
这是一般过去时形式的疑问句,需要选出正确的谓语动词。a. live(居住) 不合乎题目意思,因为回答是He left immediately; b. left 是过去式,不合乎语法,因为已经有助动词did提问了,应该用动词原形才对;c. leaves 也不合乎语法,本句不需要用第3人称单数形式;只有d. leave 是动词原形,最合乎语法和题目意思。
8. d
前一句的retired 是退休的意思,只有选d. he didn't have 才同前一句中的retired含义相符合. a. he was going to get, b. he had, c. he would have 都与前一句的意思相反.
9. b
前一句中的settle down 是“安居”,“安家”的意思,本句需要选出同这个动词短语含义相同的词组。a. rest there(在那休息), b. live there permanently (永久地居住在那儿),c. live there for a while(在那儿居住一段时间),d. go there for a visit (到那儿参观,访问)。只有b. 同settle down 的含义相同,所以选b.
10. a
前一句中的continually 是“频繁地”的意思,表示有间隔的停顿,而不是连续不断。本句只有选a. stopped 才能与前一句It rained continually 的含义最接近。 其他3个选择都与前一句意思不符。
11. d
a. made(制造), b. did(做), c. conducted(表现,为人)和d. behaved(举止,表现)4个选择中c. d 都适合这个几子,但c. conduct 是正式的书面用语,而d. behave比conduct更通俗,更常用,所以选d.
12. d
a. suffer(受苦),b. put up(举起,张贴)。c. carry(拿,带), d. stand(忍受),只有d.同前一句的bear(容忍,忍受)意思相同,因此应该选d.
bear 侧重于表示“忍受沉重或难办的事”。
In the end, I could not bear it.
最后,我受不了啦。
When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a cigarette, it was more than I could bear.
当老朋友布赖恩怂恿我接受一只香烟时,我就受不住了。
而 suffer 侧重于表示“忍受或经受令人不愉快的、甚至于痛苦的事”。
…; and no benefactions and research endowments can make up for the change in character which the city has suffered.
捐款和科研经费决不能弥补大学城所经受的性质上的变化。
stand 常与 bear 通用,如果用词确切,stand 总包含着“不退让”、“不畏缩”的“忍受”。
He can stand more pain than anyone else I know.
他比我认识的任何人都更能忍受痛苦。