新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)
新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Last week at a dinner party, the hostess asked me to sit next to Mrs. Rumbold. Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress. She did not even look up when I took my seat beside her. Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating. I tried to make conversation.
'A new play is coming to "The Globe" soon,' I said. 'Will you be seeing it?'
'No,' she answered.
'Will you be spending your holidays abroad this year?' I asked.
'No,' she answered.
'Will you be staying in England?' I asked.
'No,' she answered.
In despair, I asked her whether she was enjoying her dinner.
'Young man,' she answered, 'if you ate more and talked less, we would both enjoy our dinner!"
 
2.翻译
在上星期的一次宴会上,女主人安排我坐在兰伯尔德夫人的身旁。兰伯尔德夫人是一位身材高大、表情严肃的女人,穿一件紧身的黑衣服。当我在她身旁坐下来的时候,她甚至连头都没有抬一下。她的眼睛盯着自己的盘子,不一会儿就忙着吃起来了。我试图找个话题和她聊聊。
“一出新剧要来‘环球剧场’上演了,”我说,“您去看吗?”
“不,”她回答。
“您今年去国外度假吗?”我又问。
“不,”她回答。
“您就呆在英国吗?”我问。
“不,”她回答。
失望之中我问她饭是否吃得满意。
“年轻人,”她回答说,“如果你多吃点,少说点,我们两个都会吃得好的!”

 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考)


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.next to, 挨着。
  它既可以表示座位挨着也可以表示地理位置上挨着:
  Who was the man sitting next to you during the meeting?
  开会时坐在你旁边的那人是谁?
  There's a field/shop next to our house.
  我们家房子边上有一片田野/一个商店。
  2.Mrs. Rumbold was a large, unsmiling lady in a tight black dress.兰伯尔德夫人是一位身材高大、表情严肃的女人,穿一件紧身的黑衣服。
  (1)unsmiling的反义词为smiling(微笑的,喜气洋洋的)。有些形容词前面可以加上前缀un-来表示相反的意义:comfortable (舒服的)/uncomfortable(不舒服的),true(真实的)/untrue(不真实的), interesting(有趣的)/uninteresting(无趣味的,乏味的)。
  (2)in在这里表示“穿着”、“戴着”:
  A young man in a blue dress is inquiring for you.
  有位穿蓝衣服的小伙子在找您。
  3.take one's seat, 在指定的位置上就座。
  take a seat表示“坐下”,比sit要正式:
  Please take a seat.
  请坐。
  take one's seat则表示位置事先已安排好:
  After everyone had taken his seat, the meeting/dinner party began.
  大家各自就座后,会议/宴会便开始了。
  4.Her eyes were fixed on her plate and in a short time, she was busy eating. 她的眼睛盯着自己的盘子,不一会儿就忙着吃起来了。
  (1)fix最常用的意思为“使……固定”、“安装”:
  she fixed a handle on the door.
  她在门上安了个把手。
  fix on的含义之一为“使(目光、注意力等)集中于”、“盯着”:
  He fixed his eyes on the book, but he couldn't understand a word.
  他的眼睛盯着那本书,但他一个字儿也没看懂。
  (2)busy+ doing sth.表示“忙着做某事”, doing前可以加 in,也可以不加:
  They are busy (in) repairing the car.
  他们正忙着修车。
  We're all busy getting ready for the performance.
  我们都在忙着为演出进行准备。
  5.If you ate more and talked less…如果你多吃点,少说点……
  在并列句中,相同的句子成分(如主语、谓语、状语等)通常由同一词性的单词/词组表示,并且它们的长度也差不多,以保持句子的平衡性。在课文中的这句话中ate与talked对应,more与less对应。再如:
  You can either go out or stay here.
  你出去也行,呆在这里也行。
  He wants to buy a lot of things, but he has little money.
  他想买的东西很多,但他的钱很少。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
hostess n. 女主人
unsmiling adj. 不笑的,严肃的
tight adj. 紧身的
fix v. 凝视
globe n. 地球
despair n. 绝望

 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  第2类条件句
  在第16课的语法中,我们学习了第1类条件句,它谈论将有可能发生的事情,并且考虑其将来的真实结果。它的一般形式如下所示:
  You'll miss the train if you don't hurry.
  你如果不抓紧时间会误了火车的。(主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时或其他形式的现在时)
  第2类条件句的形式与第一类不同,if从句中用一般过去时,谈论想像的情况,主句用would +动词原形,推测想像的结果:
  If it rained tomorrow, we'd stay at home.
  如果明天下雨,我们将呆在家里。
  尽管第2类条件句使用过去时,却并非指过去的时间,所以,if之后的过去时用法常被称为“非真实的过去”。
  第2类条件句有时可以代替第1类条件句来描述颇有可能发生的事情,但比第1类条件句较为“无把握”。试比较:
  不过第2类条件句经常用来描写完全不可能的事情:
  If I had longer legs, I'd be able to run faster.
  如果我的腿再长一点儿,我就能跑得更快了。
  在最后一个例句中,the weather是单数,按语法规则,在正常的陈述句中它后面应为was而不是were。但在第2类条件句中,were比was更为正式,与真实情况的差别也更大:If he were/was ready, I would go.
  如果他准备好了,我就去。
  if I were you这种说法经常用于提出建议:
  If I were you, I'd accept their offer.
  如果我是你,我就接受他们的建议。
 

六、课后练习答案

  1.关键句型练习答案
  1 were 2 tries 3 will burn
  4 would have to 5 lost 6 do not apologize
  7 were 8 won 9 would not be
  10 could
  2.难点练习答案
  1 made… do 2 does… makes
  3 doing…making 4 made…did
  3.多项选择题答案
  1 c 2 c 3 b 4 c 5 a 6 a
  7 c 8 b 9 b 10 b 11b 12 d