一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost. Sam Benton, the local butcher, had lost his wallet while taking his savings to the post office. Sam was sure that the wallet must have been found by one of the villagers, but it was not returned to him. Three months passed, and then one morning, Sam found his wallet outside his front door. It had been wrapped up in newspaper and it contained half the money he had lost, together with a note which said: 'A thief, yes, but only 50 per cent a thief!' Two months later, some more money was sent to Sam with another note: 'Only 25 per cent a thief now!' In time, all Sam's money was paid back in this way. The last note said: 'I am 100 per cent honest now!'
 
2.翻译
整个村子很快知道,有一大笔钱丢失了。当地的屠户萨姆.本顿在把存款送往邮局的途中把钱包丢了。萨姆确信那钱包一定是被某个村民捡到了,可是却不见有人来送还给他。3个月过去了,后来在一天早晨,萨姆在自己的大门外发现了他的钱包。钱包是用报纸包着的,里面有他丢失的钱的一半,而且还附着一张纸条,上面写着:“一个小偷,是的,但只是一个50%的小偷!”又过了两个月,又有一些钱送还给了萨姆,又附了一张字条:“这回只是25%的小偷了!”很快,萨姆全部的钱都用同样的方式还了回来。最后的那张字条上写道:“我现在是一个100%的诚实人了!”

 

二、学习视频


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.A clear conscience, (标题)问心无愧。
  clear在这里的含义为“清白的”、“无罪的”,因此这个短语又可译为“清白的良心”,相当于 a good conscience,反义词为 a bad conscience(感到内疚)。
  2.The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost. 整个村子很快知道,有一大笔钱丢失了。
  (1)village在这里为总称,指“村民”,the whole village指“全村的人”,后面通常跟单数动词(有时也可视为复数):
  The whole village was excited by the news.
  这消息使全村的人兴奋。
  (2)learn在句中的含义为“获悉”、“得知”:
  I've just learnt that she was ill.
  我刚刚得知她病了。
  3.Sam Benton, the local butcher, had lost his wallet while taking his savings to the post office. 当地的屠户萨姆·本顿在把存款送往邮局的途中把钱包丢了。
  taking为现在分词。与动名词相似,它也可以有自己的宾语、状语等。在连词while之后,现在分词短语的作用相当于一个时间状语从句:…while he was taking his savings to the post office。现在分词这样用的前提是两个动词的主语是同一个,并且这两个动作通常是同时发生的:
  He listened to music while cleaning the room.
  他一边打扫房间一边听音乐。
  如果是主语不一致则必须用从句:
  He listened to music while I was cleaning the room.
  我打扫房间时,他在听音乐。
  4.Sam was sure that the wallet must have been found by one of the villagers…萨姆确信那钱包一定是被某个村民捡到了……
  must用于对过去已发生的事进行推测时,后面的动词要用完成式:
  When I arrived, he wasn't here. He must have left early.
  我到这儿的时候他已不在了。他一定早走了。
  5.it contained half the money he had lost, 里面有他丢失的钱的一半。
  我们既可以说 half the money,也可以说 half of the money,它们可以互相替代,但是money前都必须有the,因为是指特定的钱。再如:
  Half the bread/ half of the bread was bad.
  这面包有一半已变质了。
  6.In time, all Sam's money was paid back in this way. 很快,萨姆全部的钱都用同样的方式还了回来。
  (1)in time可以表示“经过一段时间”或“最终”、“迟早”:
  In time, he found all the books he needed.
  一段时间以后,他找到了他需要的所有书。
  I'll tell you everything in time.
  我最终/总有一天会把一切都告诉你的。
  (2)in this way表示“用这样的方式”:
  You must pay attention to your spelling. In this way, you can become a good secretary in time.
  你必须注意你的拼写。这样你才能最终成为一个好秘书。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
clear adj. 无罪的,不亏心的
conscience n. 良心,道德心
wallet n. 皮夹,钱夹
savings n. 存款
villager n. 村民
percent 百分之......
 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  被动语态(4)
  在第10课第21课第34课的语法中,我们学习了用于一般现在时、一般过去时和现在完成时中的被动语态、情态助动词与被动语态的连用以及动词+宾语+不定式结构中被动语态的使用等:
  That table was made in 1970(by my grandfather).
  那张桌子是1970年(由我的祖父)做的。
  The rooms must be cleaned today.
  这些房间今天必须要打扫干净。
  John has been told not to go for a walk when the weather's like this.
  约翰已被告知不要在这种天气出去散步。
  I never expected the thief to be arrested.
  我从没有指望小偷会被逮着。
  表示过去发生的动作时,被动语态还可以用于过去完成时;用于完成时的被动语态也可以与情态助动词连用:
 

六、课后练习答案

  1.关键句型练习答案
  A had been lost(11.1-2); must have been found(11.3-4); was not returned(1.4); had been wrapped(1.6); was sent (1.9); was paid back(1.10)
  C 1 A meal has been prepared for you.
  2 The book will be translated into English.
  3 A telegram must be sent to him.
  4 The fire had been put out before the fire brigade arrived.
  5 The cat was given some milk to drink.
  2.难点练习答案
  1 back 2 robbed… stole 3 back 4 stole 5 robbed
  3.多项选择题答案
  1 b 2 d 3 a 4 b 5 b 6 d
  7 c 8 b 9 c 10 b 11 d 12 b
  learn得知
  the whole world learn...全世界都知道
  while doing是一个省略形式
  这种情况应具备两个条件
  1、这个动作的主语跟主句的主语一样
  2、这句话一定要是进行时态
  这句话完整的应为
  while he was taking...
  must have been done
  must have done 表示对过去的推测
  must have been done 是表示对过去被动的推测
  三种表示一段时间以后,另外一件事情发生的方式
  1、...passed and then
  2、some time later
  3、some passed before
  wrap up 包裹
  it had been wrapped up in newspaper by somebody
  half the money钱的一半
  half an hour半个小时
  half a year半年
  together with=with介词短语作状语,表示随他一起的还有
  i with my son went there我带着我的儿子去了那
  my som and i went there。
  the picture said...图片上说
  Newspaper said...报纸上说
  Note said...纸条上说
  some more money又有一些钱
  in time=in the end 最终
  pay back还回来
  ...per cent作副词
  structure
  no。3
  while doing两者同时发生
  while sb was doing当......的时候
  能用while;as的地方就可以用when,反之则不一定
  A
  when 后的时间表达式既可以是点,也可以是段
  while后的时间表达只可以是段
  as 等同于while
  no.7
  send = take/give
  send/take/give sb sth
  双宾语一般用离动词最近的宾语来做被动态的主语
  sb be sent sth
  send sth to sb
  sth be sent to sb
  no.6
  对名词的提问用what
  no.10
  contain/container
  include指一种抽象的包含
  no.12
  a time一段时间
  for a long time
  after a time=after some time