新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)
新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport, workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing. No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. He was astonished at what he found. A man was lying in the box on top of a pile of woolen goods. He was so surprised at being discovered that he did not even try to run away. After he was arrested, the man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London. He had had a long and uncomfortable trip, for he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. The man was ordered to pay $3,500 for the cost of the trip. The normal price of a ticket is $2,000!
 
2.翻译
当一架来自伦敦的飞机抵达悉尼机场时,工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。其中有只箱子特别重,可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。突然一个工人想到打开箱子看看。看到的情景使人吃惊,箱内有一个人正躺在一堆毛织品之上。他由于被人发现而感到非常吃惊,甚至都没有企图逃跑。此人被逮捕后,承认他是在飞机离开伦敦前躲进箱里的。他经历了一次漫长而又难受的旅程,因为他在那木箱里闷了18个多小时。此人被责令交付旅费3,500英镑,而正常票价是2,000英镑!

 

二、学习视频


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.…workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing.……工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。
  (1)unload的含义为“卸(货)”,它的反义词为load(装货)。与形容词 uncomfortable, unsmiling等相似,有些动词加前缀un可以表示做相反的动作。
  (2)a number of为固定词组,表示“若干”、“许多”:
  You've made a number of mistakes in typing this letter.
  你打这封信时出了不少错误。
  (3)clothing是服装的总称,为不可数名词,其含义比clothes更为广泛。clothes一般指衣服,clothing则可以包括鞋、帽等。
  2.No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. 其中有只箱子特别重,可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。
  (1)短语动词 account for的含义为“说明理由”、“作出说明(或解释)”:
  The bad weather in England accounts for Harrison's decision to leave the country.
  英国糟糕的气候是哈里森决定离开这个国家的原因。
  How do you account for the battered car?
  你如何解释这撞坏的车?
  (2)that后面的从句为fact的同位语从句,说明fact的具体内容:
  He couldn't explain the fact that Mary's wallet was found in his room.
  他无法解释玛丽的钱包是在他房间里找到的这一事实。
  3.It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. 突然一个工人想到打开箱子看看。
  (1)表示某人想起某事时,要用 sth. occurred to sb. 这个结构,主语为事,而不是人。
  (2)it在句中为先行主语,代替不定式 to open up the box。
  (3)open up的含义之一是“打开”:
  open up boxes/gifts 打开箱子/礼物
  When he received the gifts, he opened them up at once.
  他收到礼物后立刻就打开了。
  4.He was astonished at what he found. 看到的情景使他吃惊。
  表示某事使/让某人吃惊通常用sb. is/ are/ was/ were…astonished at sth.:
  Sam appears astonished at the news/ the sound.
  这消息/声音似乎使萨姆吃了一惊。
  5.on top of, 在……上面。
  She put the bread on top of a pile of other goods.
  她把面包放在一堆其他货物上面。
  6.…he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. ……他在那木箱里闷了十八个多小时。
  confine表示“把……限制起来”,通常与介词to连用:
  Last weekend, Tom's mother confined him to his room.
  上个周末,汤姆的妈妈把汤姆关在了房间里。
  7.The man was ordered to pay £3, 500 for the cost of the trip. 此人被责令交付旅费3,500英镑。
  pay for表示“为……支付货款”、“为……付出代价”:
  She paid £ 50 for that dress.
  她买那件衣服花了50英镑。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
unload v. 卸(货)
wooden adj. 木制的
extremely adv. 非常,极其
occur v. 发生
astonish v. 使惊讶
pile n. 堆
woollen adj. 羊毛的
goods n. (常用复数)货物,商品
discover v. 发现
admit v. 承认
confine v. 关在(一个狭小的空间里)
normal adj. 正常的,通常的
 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  与to,at,for和 with连用的动词
  在第22课的语法中,我们学习了后面可跟 of,from,in和 on 的动词,如 borrow,believe,dream,think,write,decide等。有些动词可以跟to,at,for和with连用,不过这些介词不一定是惟一和这些动词连用的小品词。
  (1)与to 连用的动词
  It never occurred to them that a man had confined himself to one of the wooden boxes.
  他们从来没想到有一个人会把自己关在其中的一个木箱里。
  I prefer listening to music to reading newspapers.
  我宁愿听音乐而不愿看报纸。
  This car belongs to Sam. It's not mine.
  这汽车是萨姆的,不是我的。
  Will you see to this flower while I'm away?
  我不在的时候你照看一下这花好吗?
  He used to turn to me for help.
  他过去常向我求助。
  (2)与at连用的动词
  at通常用于表达感情的一些词之后,并且这些词往往用被动语态
  Dan was both surprised and amused at the news.
  这消息既使丹感到惊奇又使他感到好笑。
  He was astonished at what he found.
  发现的情况使他吃了一惊。
  at也可以用于其他动词之后(一般为主动语态):
  What are you looking at?
  你在看什么?
  When I arrived at the station, the train had already left.
  当我到达火车站时,那列火车已开走了。
  A beggar knocked at the door.
  一个乞丐在敲门。
  (3)与for连用的动词
  I'm looking for my pen.
  我在找我的钢笔。
  He was searched for the stolen money.
  他被搜了身,看看有没有被盗走的那笔钱。
  He's already been punished for his mistake.
  他已因为所犯的错误而受到了惩罚。
  John paid for the dinner.
  约翰付了饭钱。
  Can you account for his strange behaviour?
  你能解释他的古怪行为吗?
  A child is calling for help.
  有个孩子在大声呼救。
  (4)与with连用的动词
  Tom often quarrels with his brother.
  汤姆经常和他兄弟吵架。
  Don't play with fire!
  不要玩火!
  I'm pleased with this room.
  我对这房间满意。
  Sam used to mix with those people.
  萨姆过去常与那些人交往。
  We'll begin with the exercises.
  我们从练习开始。
 

六、课后练习答案

  1.关键句型练习答案
  A arrived at Sydney(1.1); could account for the fact (1.3);occurred to one(1.4); was astonished at what(1.5); was so surprised at being(11.6-7); had been confined to the wooden box(1.9); pay £ 3,500 for the cost(1.10)
  B 1 with 2 to…for 3 with 4 for
  5 to 6 at 7 to 8 to
  9 for 10 to…at 11 at 12 with
  13 with 14 to…for 15 for 16 for
  17 with 18 for 19 at 20 with
  21 to 22 with 23 at 24 to
  25 with…to 26 to…with 27 for 28 to…to
  29 for 30 to 31 for 32 to
  33 to…with 34 for 35 to 36 to
  37 at 38 at 39 with 40 for
  2.多项选择题答案
  1 a 2 c 3 d 4 d 5 a 6 c
  7 b 8 c 9 a 10 d 11 c 12 a