When a plane from London arrived at Sydney airport, workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing. No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. He was astonished at what he found. A man was lying in the box on top of a pile of woolen goods. He was so surprised at being discovered that he did not even try to run away. After he was arrested, the man admitted hiding in the box before the plane left London. He had had a long and uncomfortable trip, for he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. The man was ordered to pay $3,500 for the cost of the trip. The normal price of a ticket is $2,000!
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1．…workers began to unload a number of wooden boxes which contained clothing.……工人们开始卸下装有服装的一批木箱。
（1）unload的含义为“卸（货）”，它的反义词为load（装货）。与形容词 uncomfortable, unsmiling等相似，有些动词加前缀un可以表示做相反的动作。
（2）a number of为固定词组，表示“若干”、“许多”：
You've made a number of mistakes in typing this letter.
2．No one could account for the fact that one of the boxes was extremely heavy. 其中有只箱子特别重，可谁也弄不清是怎么回事。
（1）短语动词 account for的含义为“说明理由”、“作出说明（或解释）”：
The bad weather in England accounts for Harrison's decision to leave the country.
How do you account for the battered car?
He couldn't explain the fact that Mary's wallet was found in his room.
3．It suddenly occurred to one of the workers to open up the box. 突然一个工人想到打开箱子看看。
（1）表示某人想起某事时，要用 sth. occurred to sb. 这个结构，主语为事，而不是人。
（2）it在句中为先行主语，代替不定式 to open up the box。
open up boxes／gifts 打开箱子／礼物
When he received the gifts, he opened them up at once.
4．He was astonished at what he found. 看到的情景使他吃惊。
表示某事使／让某人吃惊通常用sb. is/ are/ was/ were…astonished at sth.：
Sam appears astonished at the news/ the sound.
5．on top of, 在……上面。
She put the bread on top of a pile of other goods.
6．…he had been confined to the wooden box for over eighteen hours. ……他在那木箱里闷了十八个多小时。
Last weekend, Tom's mother confined him to his room.
7．The man was ordered to pay ￡3, 500 for the cost of the trip. 此人被责令交付旅费3,500英镑。
She paid ￡ 50 for that dress.
unload v. 卸（货）
wooden adj. 木制的
extremely adv. 非常，极其
occur v. 发生
astonish v. 使惊讶
pile n. 堆
woollen adj. 羊毛的
goods n. （常用复数）货物，商品
discover v. 发现
admit v. 承认
confine v. 关在（一个狭小的空间里）
normal adj. 正常的，通常的
在第22课的语法中，我们学习了后面可跟 of，from，in和 on 的动词，如 borrow，believe，dream，think，write，decide等。有些动词可以跟to，at，for和with连用，不过这些介词不一定是惟一和这些动词连用的小品词。
It never occurred to them that a man had confined himself to one of the wooden boxes.
I prefer listening to music to reading newspapers.
This car belongs to Sam. It's not mine.
Will you see to this flower while I'm away?
He used to turn to me for help.
Dan was both surprised and amused at the news.
He was astonished at what he found.
What are you looking at?
When I arrived at the station, the train had already left.
A beggar knocked at the door.
I'm looking for my pen.
He was searched for the stolen money.
He's already been punished for his mistake.
John paid for the dinner.
Can you account for his strange behaviour?
A child is calling for help.
Tom often quarrels with his brother.
Don't play with fire!
I'm pleased with this room.
Sam used to mix with those people.
We'll begin with the exercises.
A arrived at Sydney(1.1); could account for the fact (1.3);occurred to one(1.4); was astonished at what(1.5); was so surprised at being(11.6-7); had been confined to the wooden box(1.9); pay ￡ 3,500 for the cost(1.10)
B 1 with 2 to…for 3 with 4 for
5 to 6 at 7 to 8 to
9 for 10 to…at 11 at 12 with
13 with 14 to…for 15 for 16 for
17 with 18 for 19 at 20 with
21 to 22 with 23 at 24 to
25 with…to 26 to…with 27 for 28 to…to
29 for 30 to 31 for 32 to
33 to…with 34 for 35 to 36 to
37 at 38 at 39 with 40 for
1 a 2 c 3 d 4 d 5 a 6 c
7 b 8 c 9 a 10 d 11 c 12 a