一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. The list included most of the things Hugh loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate; and sweets. Yesterday I paid him a visit. I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Hugh was still as fat as ever. He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
 
2.翻译
我的朋友休一直很胖,但是近来情况变得越发糟糕,以致他决定节食。他是一星期前开始节食的。首先,他开列了一张长长的单子,上面列了所有禁吃的食物。这张单子上的大多数食物都是休喜欢吃的:黄油、土豆、米饭、啤酒、牛奶、巧克力和糖果。昨天我去看望了他。我按响了门铃,当看到休仍和往常一样胖时,我并不感到惊奇。他把我领进屋,慌忙把一个大包藏到了桌子下面。显然他感到很尴尬。当我问他正干什么时,他内疚地笑了,然后把那个大包拿到了桌上。他解释说,他的饮食控制得太严格了,以致不得不偶尔奖赏自己一下。接着他给我看了包里的东西。里面装了5大块巧克力和3袋糖果!

 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-51.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  1.…but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet.……但是近来情况变得越发糟糕,以致他决定节食。
  (1)things(要用复数形式)可以表示“情况”、“情形”、“状况”、“形势”等含义:
  You've surely made things worse.
  你确实使情况变得更糟了。
  How are things going on with you?
  你那里情况如何?
  (2)get作不及物动词时可以表示“变得”:
  I got interested in French.
  我(变得)对法语感兴趣了。
  I got angry with him.
  我(变得)对他很生气。
  (3)diet用于表示治疗某种疾病或调节体重的“特种饮食”、“规定饮食”时通常与on连用:
  The doctor put him on a strict diet.
  医生让他严格控制饮食。
  She is on a diet.
  她正在节食。
  I once went on a diet for a week and then I gave up.
  我曾经节食过一周,然后就放弃了。
  2.First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden.首先,他开列了一张长长的单子,上面列了所有禁吃的食物。
  (1)first of all为固定短语,表示“首先”、“第一”:
  First of all I must see your passport.
  首先我必须看一下你的护照。
  (2)write out这个短语表示“(正式)写”、“写出”或“全部写出”:
  You should write out a report.
  你应该写一份报告。
  3.The list included most of the things Hugh loves…这张单子上的大多数食物都是休喜欢吃的……
  It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
  里面装了5大块巧克力和3袋糖果!
  include和contain都有“包含”的意思,但contain可以用于表示所包含的全部事物,include则只表示其中的一部分:
  It included three bags of sweets.
  其中有3袋糖果。(另外还有其他东西)
  contain的主语通常为某个容器,include则含义更广:
  Does the bill include a tip?
  账单包括小费吗?
  We're including you in our team.
  我们把你列为我们队中的一员了。
  4.Yesterday I paid him a visit.昨天我去看望了他。
  pay a visit to sb. 表示“拜访某人”:
  I paid a visit to Jane the other day.
  前几天我去看望了简。
  5.…Hugh was still as fat as ever.……休仍和往常一样胖。
  as ever是as he ever was的省略形式。as…as ever这个结构表示“照旧”、“依然”:
  He is as strong as ever.
  他依然那么强壮。
  6.It was obvious that he was very embarrassed.显然他感到很尴尬。
  it为先行主语,真正的句子主语是that引导的从句,它在句子中起名词的作用。从句作主语时通常前面用先行主语it,以免句子看上去头重脚轻:
  It is certain now that he'll come on Monday.
  现在可以肯定他星期一将会来。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
reward n. 报偿
virtue n. 美德
diet n. 节食
forbid v. 禁止
hurriedly adv. 匆忙地
embarrass v. 使尴尬
guiltily adv. 内疚地
strict adj. 严格的
reward v. 给奖赏
occasionally adv. 偶尔地
 

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)
 
  一般过去时
  在第3课及第27课的语法中我们都学习了一般过去时。在一段文字中,初次使用一般过去时的时候通常要有明确的时间状语,随后的叙述则可以不一定使用时间状语;如果不加before, after等词语,过去的动作就被认为是按所描述的顺序发生的:
  One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm. Towards evening, the boat struck a rock and the girl jumped into the sea.
  一天下午,她乘小船从海岸出发,遇上了风暴。天将黑时,小船撞在了一块礁石上,姑娘跳进了海里。
  与一般过去时常用的两个词是once和recently:
  I went on an excursion recently.
  最近我作了一次短途旅行。
  recently在表示“最近一段时期”时也可以与现在完成时连用:I haven't heard from him recently.
  我最近没有收到他的信。
  一般过去时也可以用于时间状语从句中:
 

六、课后练习答案

  1.关键句型练习答案
  A got(1.1); decided(1.2);began(1.2); wrote out(1.3); included(1.4); paid(1.5); rang(1.6);was not surprised (1.6); led(1.7); hid(1.7); asked(1.9); smiled(1.9); put(1.9);explained(1.10); had to reward(1.10); showed(1.10)
  2.难点练习答案
  1 rose 2 lying 3 laid 4 rose 5 beats 6 win
  3.多项选择题答案
  1 b 2c 3d 4d 5d 6a
  7 d 8 c 9 a 10 d 11 d 12 b