My friend, Hugh, has always been fat, but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet. He began his diet a week ago. First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden. The list included most of the things Hugh loves: butter, potatoes, rice, beer, milk, chocolate; and sweets. Yesterday I paid him a visit. I rang the bell and was not surprised to see that Hugh was still as fat as ever. He led me into his room and hurriedly hid a large parcel under his desk. It was obvious that he was very embarrassed. When I asked him what he was doing, he smiled guiltily and then put the parcel on the desk. He explained that his diet was so strict that he had to reward himself occasionally. Then he showed me the contents of the parcel. It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
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1．…but things got so bad recently that he decided to go on a diet.……但是近来情况变得越发糟糕，以致他决定节食。
You've surely made things worse.
How are things going on with you?
I got interested in French.
I got angry with him.
The doctor put him on a strict diet.
She is on a diet.
I once went on a diet for a week and then I gave up.
2．First of all, he wrote out a long list of all the foods which were forbidden.首先，他开列了一张长长的单子，上面列了所有禁吃的食物。
（1）first of all为固定短语，表示“首先”、“第一”：
First of all I must see your passport.
You should write out a report.
3．The list included most of the things Hugh loves…这张单子上的大多数食物都是休喜欢吃的……
It contained five large bars of chocolate and three bags of sweets!
It included three bags of sweets.
Does the bill include a tip?
We're including you in our team.
4．Yesterday I paid him a visit.昨天我去看望了他。
pay a visit to sb. 表示“拜访某人”：
I paid a visit to Jane the other day.
5．…Hugh was still as fat as ever．……休仍和往常一样胖。
as ever是as he ever was的省略形式。as…as ever这个结构表示“照旧”、“依然”：
He is as strong as ever.
6．It was obvious that he was very embarrassed.显然他感到很尴尬。
It is certain now that he'll come on Monday.
reward n. 报偿
virtue n. 美德
diet n. 节食
forbid v. 禁止
hurriedly adv. 匆忙地
embarrass v. 使尴尬
guiltily adv. 内疚地
strict adj. 严格的
reward v. 给奖赏
occasionally adv. 偶尔地
One afternoon she set out from the coast in a small boat and was caught in a storm. Towards evening, the boat struck a rock and the girl jumped into the sea.
I went on an excursion recently.
recently在表示“最近一段时期”时也可以与现在完成时连用：I haven't heard from him recently.
A got(1.1); decided(1.2);began(1.2); wrote out(1.3); included(1.4); paid(1.5); rang(1.6);was not surprised (1.6); led(1.7); hid(1.7); asked(1.9); smiled(1.9); put(1.9);explained(1.10); had to reward(1.10); showed(1.10)
1 rose 2 lying 3 laid 4 rose 5 beats 6 win
1 b 2c 3d 4d 5d 6a
7 d 8 c 9 a 10 d 11 d 12 b