一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Dreams of finding lost treasure almost came true recently. A new machine called 'The Revealer' has been invented and it has been used to detect gold which has been buried in the ground. The machine was used in a cave near the seashore where -- it is said -- pirates used to hide gold. The pirates would often bury gold in the cave and then fail to collect it. Armed with the new machine, a search party went into the cave hoping to find buried treasure. The leader of the party was examining the soil near the entrance to the cave when the machine showed that there was gold under the ground. Very excited, the party dug a hole two feet deep. They finally found a small gold coin which was almost worthless. The party then searched the whole cave thoroughly but did not find anything except an empty tin trunk. In spite of this, many people are confident that 'The Revealer' may reveal something of value fairly soon.
 
2.翻译
最近,找到失踪宝藏的梦想差一点儿变成现实。一种叫“探宝器”的新机器已经发明出来,并被人们用来探测地下埋藏的金子。在靠近海边的一个据说过去海盗常在里面藏金子的岩洞里,这种机器被派上了用场。海盗们过去常把金子埋藏在那个洞里,可后来却没能取走。一支用这种新机器装备起来的探宝队进入了这个岩洞,希望找到埋藏着的金子。当这个队的队长正在检查洞口附近的土壤时,那台机器显示出它的下面埋有金子。队员们异常激动,就地挖了一个两英尺深的坑,但最后找到的是一枚几乎一钱不值的小金币。队员们接着又把整个洞彻底搜寻了一遍,但除了一只空铁皮箱外什么也没找到。尽管如此,很多人仍然相信“探宝器”很快就会探出值钱的东西来。
 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-55.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
  Dreams come true
  Dreams ended
  Dream of
  dream of doing sth.
  I dream of flying in the sky.
  Dream of flying in the sky comes true.
  一句话只有一个动词,如果再出现动词,可以用and并列连接,也可以变成复合句用when,because连接,还可以使这个动词表示动词意思,但不做谓语,即非谓语动词
  过去分词做定语表示"被"
  ploughed field
  n.+ called
  The plane called a "Pilatus Porter"
  如果用短语修饰其它词,则把短语放在被修饰词的后边
  be used to do  被用来
  used to do
  同位语从句中的引导词只要一个 that
  under the ground
  it is said 是插入语 "据说"
  used to 常常
  where 修饰 cave
  where ; in which 在那儿
  This is the river where I swim
  would 一般表示从过去看将来,但此处表示"used to"过去常做
  She is the girl who is my sister
  She is a girl. She is my sister. 变复杂为简单
  be armed with
  went into the cave
  hoping to find
  They were armed with
  They went to
  They hoped to find
  如果几个句子的主语是同一事物,则可以把几个句子并为一个句子
  在把握中心句子的前提下,注意其它成分的合成,如果是主动关系,用ing形式,保留一个句子做主句,其它的变成非谓语动词
  非谓语动词采用何种形式,则根据其与主语的关系,如果是主动关系,用ing形式,如果是被动关系,则用动词的ed形式
  主句与其它句子的位置安排要保持句子的平衡,还要注意动作的连贯。
  The boy went home.
  The boy was crying.
  The boy was beaten.
  Beaten by sb,the boy went home,crying.
  armed with / hoping to find
  entrance to / of
  under the ground
  Tired , I went home.
  I went home tired.
  形容词短语做状语
  Tired of......
  two feet deep 数词+量词+形容词
  long/wide/high/deep
  tall
  I am five years old.
  数词+量词+形容词结构可以做定语;也可以做表语
  The street is wide.
  The street is five meters wide.
  离名词最近的形容词是最被强调的
  in spite of 尽管
  though / even if
  something of value
  of 加名词往往让人联想这名词对应的形容词
  of value = valuable
  形容词要放在不定代词的后边
  something important
  something of importance
  someone patient
  someone of patience
  of value = valuable
  of small value

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
gold n. 金子
mine n. 矿
treasure n. 财宝
revealer n. 探测器
invent v. 发明
detect v. 探测
bury v. 埋藏
cave n. 山洞
seashore n. 海岸
pirate n. 海盗
arm v. 武装
soil n. 泥土
entrance n. 入口
finally adv. 最后
worthless adj. 毫无价值的
thoroughly adv. 彻底地
trunk n. 行李箱
confident adj. 有信心的
value n. 价值
 

五、课后练习答案

1. a
根据课文第7-8行…a search party went into the cave hoping to find buried treasure 可以推测只有a. gold 是探宝队所寻找的东西。 b. gold mine (金矿);c. pirates (海盗);d. a tin trunk (一个铁皮箱)这3个选择都与课文的实际内容不符,所以选a.
2. a
根据课文最后一句In spite of this, many people are confident that "The revealer" may reveal something of value fairly soon 可以判断只有a. works very well能够说明"探宝器"的性能如何,而其他3个选择都与课文内容不符合.
3. b
只有b. detecting (探测)最符合语法,因为介词for 后面只能跟名词或者动名词,其他3个选择都不能用在介词后面,所以选b.
4. d
前半句中的used to 表示过去常做某事,而现在已经不做了,只有d. that’s what hey would do (那就是他们过去经常做的)同前半句意思想吻合。 因为would 同used to 一样也可以表示过去经常性的动作。 其他3个选择都表示现在还在做,不合乎逻辑。
5. a
只有a. would find 是对的,因为前一句They hoped to find...就等于They hoped they would find....。其他3个选择都与前一句的时态不符合,所以选a.
6. a
该句是一般过去时疑问句,因为它已经有助动词did 提问了,所以谓语动词要用原形。 只有a. dig 是动词原形,其他3个选择都不是动词原形,所以选a.
7. c
本句的疑问词How 是对主语the hole 的状态或性质提问的,因此它后面要跟形容词.
只有c. deep是形容词,表示"深的",可以修饰名词hole.
其他3个选择 a. deeply(深深地)词性不对; b. depth(深)是名词,词性也不对; d. down(向下)词性和词意思都不对,所以只能选c.
8. a
该句的主语Revealer (探宝器)是一种机器。 a. machine (机器);b. engine (发动机,火车的机车);c. machinery (机器总称)是不可数名词;d. mechanic (技工,机修工),这4个选择中只有a. machine 可以是Revealer 的定义,所以只能选a.
9. b
前一句的examining the soil 意思是"检查土壤"本句需要选出一个同它含义相同的词语. a. testing it(考验它), b. looking at it carefully(仔细观察它), c. watching it(留意它), d. trying it(尝试它)4个选择中只有b.同examining the soil 含义最接近,所以选b.
10. d
只有d. value(价值)最符合题目意思,因为of small value (价值很小)同前一句中的almost worthless(几乎没有价值)的意义相同,所以应该选d.
其他3个选择中a. worthy(值得的)是形容词,词性不对;
b. honour (荣幸,荣誉)的词意思不对;
c. price(价格,物价)词意思也不够贴切。
11. a
a. completely (完全地);b. across (横越,在对面);c. inside (在里面);d. finally (最终)这4个词中只有a. completely 同前一句中的thoroughly (彻底地)含义相同,所以应该选a.
12. b
a. confide (v. 吐露);b. believe (v. 相信);c. confuse (v. 使弄错,混淆);d. confess (v. 坦白)4个选择中只有b. believe 同前一句中的are confident (确信的,自信的)含义相符,所以选b.