新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)
新概念英语视频及MP3下载(百度云)

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)

1.课文
The tiny village of Frinley is said to possess a 'cursed tree'. Because the tree was mentioned in a newspaper, the number of visitors to Frinley has now increased. The tree was planted near the church fifty years ago, but it is only in recent years that it has gained an evil reputation. It is said that if anyone touches the tree, he will have bad luck; if he picks a leaf, he will die. Many villagers believe that the tree has already claimed a number of victims. The vicar has been asked to have the tree cut down, but so far he has refused. He has pointed out that the tree is a useful source of income, as tourists have been coming from all parts of the country to see it. In spite of all that has been said, the tourists have been picking leaves and cutting their names on the tree-trunk. So far, not one of them has been struck down by sudden death!

2.翻译
据说弗林利这个小村里有一棵“该诅咒的树”。就因为报上提到过这棵树,所以现在来弗林利参观的人越来越多。该树是50年前栽在教堂附近的,但只是近几年才得到了一个坏名声。据说,谁要是触摸了这棵树,谁就会交上恶运;如果谁摘了一片树叶,谁就会死去。很多村民相信此树已经害了不少人。人们曾请求教区的牧师叫人把树砍掉,但他直到现在也没有同意。他指出,由于人们从全国各地纷纷前来参观这棵树,它成了一个有用的财源。尽管有上述种种说法,但游客们还是照常摘树叶和把他们的名字刻在树干上。然而到目前为止,还没有一个人暴死呢!

二、学习视频


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

1.The tiny village of Frinley is said to possess a‘cursed tree’.据说弗林利这个小村里有一棵“该诅咒的树”。
(1)主语+ be said+…这种结构通常译为“据说……”,是对不太
有把握的事发表看法时一种谨慎的说法。(cf.本课语法
(2)of在这里表示同位关系,如 the city of London/New York(伦
敦/纽约市);at the age of twenty(20岁时); a height of three feet(3英尺的高度)。
2.…the number of visitors to Frinley has now increased.……现在来弗林利参观的人越来越多。
the number of表示“……的数量/总数”,它作主语时谓语动词要用单数,虽然visitors是复数。注意它与a number of(许多,若干)的区别:
The number of patients in this hospital has increased.
这家医院的病人越来越多。
A number of patients have asked to see you.
许多病人要求见您。(动词用复数形式)
3.…it is only in recent years that it has gained an evil reputation.……只是近几年才得到了一个坏名声。
句中的 it is…that是个强调句型。如果我们想要强调某个词或某个短语,我们可以用 it is/was+被强调的成分+that/ who(m)结构。这样组成的句子叫分裂句,因为it结构把一个简单句劈开,使其分裂成两个分句。被强调的成分可以是主语、宾语、状语等。课文中这句话强调的是时间状语。从简单句到强调句变化如下:
Frank phoned Jack last night.
弗兰克昨晚给杰克打了电话。(简单句,没有强调什么)
It was Frank who phoned Jack last night.
是弗兰克昨晚给杰克打了电话。(强调是弗兰克而不是别人打的电话)
It was Jack who (m) Frank phoned last night.
是杰克昨晚接到弗兰克打来的电话。(强调电话是打给杰克而不是打给别人)
It was last night that Frank phoned Jack.
是昨天晚上弗兰克给杰克打了电话。(强调是昨天晚上而不是其他时间)
4.It is said that if anyone touches the tree, he will have bad luck; if be picks a leaf, he will die.据说,谁要是触摸了这棵树,谁就会交上恶运;如果谁摘了一片树叶,谁就会死去。
it是这个句子的先行主语,其真正主语是that引导的两个条件句(都是第1类条件句),这两个条件句在结构上一样。
5.…the tree has already claimed a number of victims.……此树已经害了不少人。
claim可以表示疾病、意外等“夺去(生命)”:
The accident claimed a few lives.
那次事故夺走了几条人命。
6.The vicar has been asked to have the tree cut down, but so far he has refused.人们曾请求教区的牧师叫人把树砍掉,但他直到现在也没有同意。
(1)在 to have the tree cut down这个短语中, have表示“使……”,即叫别人完成某动作,cut down为过去分词短语。(cf.第66课语法)
(2)so far为固定短语,其含义之一为“迄今为止”,常与现在完成时连用:
He hasn't returned my books so far.
迄今为止他还没有还我的书。
7.point out,指出。
这个短语可分开用:
I realized that he had made a mistake, so I pointed it out to him immediately。
我意识到他犯了个错误,所以我立即就向他指了出来。
He pointed out that it was a mistake not to help them.
他指出不帮助他们是错误的。
8.in spite of,尽管,虽然;不顾,不管。
He set off in spite of the heavy rain.
尽管下着大雨,他还是出发了。
In spite of what you have told me, I still believe(that) he has stolen the money.
虽然你对我说了这些,我还是认为他偷了那笔钱。
9.So far, not one of them has been struck down by sudden death!
然而到目前为止,还没有一个人暴死呢!
(1)not one of them表示“一个人也没有……”,其语气比none of them或 no one要强。
(2)strike down为固定短语,在这里表示“使……生重病”、“杀死”(通常用被动语态):
Many people were struck down in that war.
许多人在那场战争中死去了。
He was struck down by cancer last year.
他去年死于癌症。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
blessing n. 福分,福气
disguise n. 伪装
tiny adj. 极
New words and expressions 生词和短语
blessing n. 福分,福气
disguise n. 伪装
tiny adj. 极小的
possess v. 拥有
cursed adj. 可恨的
increase v. 增加
plant v. 种植
church n. 教堂
evil adj. 坏的
reputation n. 名声
claim v. 以......为其后果
victim n. 受害者,牺牲品
vicar n. 教区牧师
source n. 来源
income n. 收入
trunk n. 树干

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

被动语态(5)
(1)在第34课的语法中,我们讲过如果说话人想避免用不明确的词(如someone, a person等)作主语,就常常使用被动语态:
Mary was told to meet us.
玛丽被告知来接我们。
The window has been mended.
窗子已被修好。
(2)如果我们需要把话说得谨慎些或“保险”些,也可以用被动语态。主动语态往往表示对事实确有把握:
Debbie Hart swam across the English Channel when she was a girl.
黛比·哈特还是个姑娘时曾经横渡过英吉利海峡。
如果这句话用 It is said that…结构表达,则说话者的把握就小了一些。用于这种被动语态的动词除了say之外,还有believe, know, find, fear, think等:
It is feared that many lives have been lost in the train crash.
在这次列车事故中,恐怕有不少人丧生。
It is said that there is a great deal of oil in Africa.
据说非洲有大量的石油。
It is said that Dan is the most intelligent student in his class.
据说丹是他们班上最聪明的学生。
除It is said that…这种结构外,上面的句子还可以变成另一种形式的被动句,其意义不变。它的结构为There/名词主语/代词主语+被动语态+带to的不定式
There is said to be a great deal of oil in Africa.
据说非洲有大量石油。
Debbie Hart is said to have swum across the English Channel when she was a girl.
据说黛比·哈特还是个姑娘时曾经横渡过英吉利海峡。
Dan is said to be the most intelligent student in his class.
据说丹是他们班上最聪明的学生。
后一种结构在口语中更常用,因为它更简洁:
(3)在第34课的语法中我们讲过,动词+宾语+不定式结构中既可以动词用被动语态,也可以在不定式中用被动语态:
(4)在另一种句型即“动词+间接宾语+直接宾语”中,这两个宾语都可以成为被动句的主语。不过,由于间接宾语通常是人,所以间接宾语成为被动句主语的时候要多些:

六、课后练习答案

1. b
根据课文第8-9行…but so far he has refused. He has pointed out that the tree is a useful source of income 可以判断只有c. it earns money 与课文的实际内容相符,是牧师拒绝把树砍掉的原因,其他3个选择都与课文的实际情况不符,所以选b.
2. d
根据课文最后两句…the tourists have been picking leaves and… So far, not one of them has been struck down by sudden death, 可以看出只有d. Tourists who have picked leaves haven’t died (摘树叶的游客们没有死)是真实的,与课文的内容相符,其他3个选择都与课文的事实不符。
3. a
该句缺少主语和谓语,只有一个that引导的从句。只有a. They say (他们说,人们说),最适合这个句子,也合乎语法和习惯用法。其他3个选择b. it said (它说)意思不对,应该是it is said 才正确;c. Said 缺少主语;d. It is saving 不合乎习惯用法,应该是It is said 才对。所以选a.
4. a
该句中的if 从句是过去时,那么主句就应该是过去将来时,即用would 加动词原形,表示与现在事实相反,所以只有选a. would 才能使主句He would die 与If 从句相配,构成虚拟语气。其他3个选择都不合乎语法。
5. c
该句是现在完成时否定式,句尾需要添一个合适的副词.a. still, b. even, d. more 都不能用在句尾,只有c. yet常用于完成时态否定句的句尾,表示"还没",所以只能选c.
6. b
该句中的…all that has been said 为名词性短语,前面只能有介词引导。a. In spite 后面缺少介词of ,不是正确的表达方式;c. Even (甚至) 和d. Even so (虽然如此)这两个都不是介词,后面不能跟名词性短语;只有b. Despite (尽管)是介词,与in spite of 意义相同,最合乎语法,所以选b.
7. d
只有d. none 能与本句中的 of them 构成短语none of them 意思为“没有一个”。其他3个选择与of them 构成的短语都不合乎习惯用法,所以都不是正确的表达方式,所以选d.
8. c
该句需要选出与前一句中的形容词tiny(极小的)意思相近的词。 a. big (大的);b. great(伟大的);c. small (小的) 和d. famous (著名的,有名的)4个选择中只有c. small 与tiny 意义相同,所以选c.
9. a
该句需要选出同前一句的过去分词increased(增加,增长)含义相同的词或词组。 a. grown(长大,增长), b. grown up(成长,长大), c. overgrown(长满)和d. grown old(变老)4个选择中只有a. grown 与increased 的含义相同,所以选a.
10. d
只有d. earned (得到)最合乎题目意思,其他3个选择中,a. won (赢得)指好的事情,如赢得胜利、球赛等;b. beaten (打败,击败)词意思不当;c. profited (有利于,得益于)词含义不对,所以选d.
11. b
前一句中的evil reputation 意思是“坏名声”,本句需要选一个同reputation意义相同的词。
a. fame(声誉,名望)指因为好事而获得的;
b. name(名字,名声)可以指好的也可以指坏的名声;
c. rumour (谣言,传说);
d. report(报告);
这4个词中只有 b. name 与reputation 的意义相同,所以选b.
12. d
前一句的谓语动词has pointed out that...意思是指出……, 有解释陈述某一件事情的含义,该句需要选出合适的动词,使其同前一句的含义相配。a. shown(把……给某人看), b. pointed(把……指给某人), c. noted(请注意,记下), d. explained(解释,说明)这4个选择中只有d. explained 与pointed out 的含义比较相配,所以选d.