Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our front gate and bark. Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours complained of the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in. Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate. However, when I was going out shopping last week, I noticed him in the garden near the gate. This time he was barking so that someone would let him out ! Since then, he has developed another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate shuts. Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.
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1．Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate.每当它想到花园里来时，便汪汪叫个不停，直到有人把门打开。
Every time we met, we would talk for a while.
Every time he came to the restaurant, he would first ask for a cup of tea.
2．…my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in.……我丈夫花了几个星期的时间训练它用脚爪按住门闩把自己放进来。
Why don't you spend more time on studies?
I spent two weeks(in) reading this book.
（2）train的宾语是him, to press…是宾语补足语，to let…为目的状语。
3．Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate.雷克斯很快成了开门的专家。
expert表示“做/干……的专家/高手”时后面通常用 at doing sth.;表示在某一领域是“专家”、“权威”时可用介词in或on:
John is an expert at driving a car.
She is an expert in flowers.
Sam is an expert on that problem.
4．This time he was barking so that someone would let him out!这次它叫着让人把它放出去！
bark v. 狗叫
press v. 按，压
paw n. 脚爪
latch n. 门闩
expert n. 专家
develop v. 养成
habit n. 习惯
remove v. 拆掉，取下
2．表示目的的几种方式：to, in order to, so as to, so that, in order that
（1）带to的不定式及其变体in order to和so as to 可以用来表示目的：
I went to live in France to/in order to/so as to learn French.
I went to France not to study French, but to study chemics.
so as not to/in order not to可以用于表示“以防”：
I shut the door quietly, so as not to/in order not to wake the baby.
在bring, buy, need, take, use, want等动词后经常用宾语+不定式（而不用宾语+in order to/so as to），不定式表示用宾语的目的：
I want something to drink.
I need a spoon to eat this ice cream with.
Bring me a chair to sit on.
（2）连词 so that, in order that可以引导目的状语从句。当主句用一般现在时、现在完成时或一般将来时的时候，so that和 in order that后面可以跟may, can或will。so that比in order that更为普遍：
I've arrived early so that/in order that I may/can/will get the tickets.
当主句中的动词为一般过去时、过去进行时或过去完成时的时候， so that和in order that后面跟should, could, might或would:
I arrived early so that/in order that I should/could/might/would get the tickets.
so that和in order that后面的否定形式如下：
I arrived early so that/in order that I might not miss anything.
（3）相比之下，带to, so as to和 in order to的结构比带that的结构要简单、自然，所以多为人使用：
I arrived early so as not to/in order not to miss anything.（译文同上）
A b opens (1.9); comes (1.9); waits…shuts (11.9-10);sits…barks…lets…lets (1.10); begins (1.10)
c wanted (1.2); opened (1.3); complained (1.3); spent (1.4); became (1. 5); noticed (1.6); removed (1.11);got (1.11)
d has developed (1.8); have not seen (1.11)
e was going out (1.6); was barking (1.7)
C 1 He is said to be/It is said that he is very rich.
2 There is said to be/It is said that there is a hold-up on the roads.
3 I was given a pen./A pen was given to me.
4 She was given a prize./A prize was given to her.
5 We were promised a new office./A new office was promised to us.
(Note: In numbers 3-5, the second alternative is grammatically correct but rarely used.)
1 He left early so as not to see me.
2 The secretary asked me into the office so that the manager might speak to me.
3 I ran to the station so as not to be late.
4 He worked hard in order to learn English.
5 He has not sent me his address so that I will/shall not be able to write to him.
6 I went to see him to find out what had happened.
1 d 2 b 3 d 4 d 5 d 6 a
7 b 8 a 9 d 10 a 11a 12 b