一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)

1.课文
In 1963 a Lancaster bomber crashed on Wallis Island, a remote place in the South Pacific, a long way west of Samoa. The plane wasn't too badly damaged, but over the years, the crash was forgotten and the wreck remained undisturbed. Then in 1989, twenty-six years after the crash, the plane was accidentally rediscovered in an aerial survey of the island. By this time, a Lancaster bomber in reasonable condition was rare and worth rescuing. The French authorities had the plane packaged and moved in parts back to France. Now a group of enthusiasts are going to have the plane restored. It has four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines, but the group will need to have only three of them rebuilt. Imagine their surprise and delight when they broke open the packing cases and found that the fourth engine was sweet as honey -- still in perfect condition. A colony of bees had turned the engine into a hive and it was totally preserved in beeswax!

2.翻译
1963年,一架兰开斯特轰炸机在瓦立斯岛毁。那是南太洋中一个很偏僻的小岛,位于萨摩亚群岛以西,距离群岛还有很长一段距离。飞机损坏的程度并不严重,但是,多年来这起飞机失事已被遗忘,飞机残骸也没受到破坏。于是,到了1989年,飞机失事26年后,在对小岛的一次航空勘查中那架飞机被意外地发现了。到了那个时候,状况良好的兰开斯特轰炸机实属罕见,值得抢救。法国政府让人把飞机包装起来,一部分一部分地搬回法国。一群热心人计划修复这架飞机。该飞机装装配有4台罗尔斯-罗伊斯的默林发动机,但是他们只需要修复其中的3台。想一想他们所感受到的惊奇和兴奋 —— 当他们拆开包装箱时,他们发现第4台发动机就像蜂蜜一样甜 —— 发动机完好无损。一群蜜蜂把发动机当作了蜂房,发动机在蜂蜡中被完整地保存了下来。

 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-66.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

1.a long way west of Samoa, 位于萨摩亚群岛以西。
这个短语补充说明 Wallis Island 的位置。表示方向(东、南等)的词后面可以直接加 of+地名,前面也不用加任何介词:
Shanghai is south of Beijing.
上海在北京以南。
2.over the years, 多年来。
over 表示“在……期间/之中”:
He worked very hard over the last two years.
过去两年中他工作努力。
3.By this time, a Lancaster bomber in reasonable condition was rare and worth rescuing. 到了那个时候,状况良好的兰开斯特轰炸机实属罕见,值得抢救。
(1)reasonable在这里表示“尚好的”、“过得去的”,用于表示价钱时,它指“公道的”、“合理的”、“不贵的”等:
The house is in reasonable condition.
这座房子状况尚好。
The price of the dress is reasonable.
这件衣服不算贵。
(2)worth 可表示“值得”、“具有……的价值”,后面跟名词或动名词:
This book is worth buying.
这本书值得买。
That park is worth a visit.
那个公园值得一去。
4.The French authorities bad the plane packaged and moved in parts back to France. 法国政府让人把飞机包装起来,一部分一部分地搬回法国。
句中 have为使役动词,表示“使”,后面加名词/代词加过去分词。packaged和 moved 都属于这种结构。(cf. 本课语法)
5.A colony of bees had turned the engine into a hive…一群蜜蜂把发动机当做了蜂房……
colony 作量词表示“群”时,往往用于蜜蜂、蚂蚁等。
turn into表示“把……改变成……”:
When it is cold enough, water is turnd into ice.
冷到一定程度时,水就变成了冰。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
Lancaster n. 兰开斯特
bomber n. 轰炸机
remote adj. 偏僻的
Pacific n. 太平洋
damage v. 毁坏
wreck n. 残骸
rediscover v. 重新发现
aerial adj. 航空的
survey n. 调查
rescue v. 营救
package v. 把......打包
enthusiast n. 热心人
restore v. 修复
imagine v. 想像
packing case 包装箱
colony n. 群
bee n. 蜂
hive n. 蜂房
preserve v. 保护
beeswax n. 蜂蜡

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

使役式(The causative)
(1)动词 have 除了可以作为助动词构成完成时以外,还可以作为完全动词表示“拥有”或代替 take, eat, receive, experience 等动词(cf. 第18课语法):
Did you have a good meal?
您吃得好吗?
He has five cars.
他有5辆汽车。
have+名词可以代替普通动词(cf.第42课语法):
They had a nice swim.
他们很畅快地游了泳。
(2)have作为完全动词还可以构成使役式,其形式为: have+名词或宾格代词+动词的过去分词。由于have是完全动词,所以其疑问句与否定句由do/did构成。与被动语态相似,使役式着重表示的是对某物(或某人)做了什么而不是某人做了什么。试比较:
用被动语态或使役式时,我们可能不知道或认为不必指明为我们服务的人是谁。然而,使役式比被动语态更加强调“使”别人为我们服务这一事实。我们要表示让别人为我们做某事时,通常不用主动语态。让别人给理发时,不可说I want to cut my hair而要说 I want to have my hair cut。
使役式也可以用以指人:
While I'm away, I'll have you looked after.
我不在的时候,我会让人照顾你的。

六、课后练习答案

1.关键句型练习答案
A had the plane packaged, (had the plane) moved, have the plane restored, have only three of them rebuilt
B 1 The French authorities had the plane packaged and moved in parts back to France.
2 A group of enthusiasts are going to have the plane restored.
3 The group will need to have only three of the engines rebuilt.
C 1 He is having a new house built.
2 She will have a new dress made.
3 I did not have the house decorated.
4 They had the washing machine repaired.
5 We must have this dangerous tree cut down.
6 We have to have this new television set installed.
2.难点练习答案
1 has 2 were 3 Have 4 is
3.多项选择题答案
1c 2b 3a 4a 5d 6a
7 a 8b 9a 10b 11b 12 a