一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)

1.课文
I was being tested for a driving licence for the third time. I had been asked to drive in heavy traffic and had done so successfully. After having been instructed to drive out of town, I began to acquire confidence. Sure that I had passed, I was almost beginning to enjoy my test. The examiner must have been pleased with my performance, for he smiled and said. 'Just one more thing, Mr.Eames. Let us suppose that a child suddenly crosses the road in front of you. As soon as I tap on the window, you must stop within five feet.' I continued driving and after some time, the examiner tapped loudly, Though the sound could be heard clearly, it took me a long time to react. I suddenly pressed the brake pedal and we were both thrown forward. The examiner looked at me sadly. 'Mr.Eames,' he said, in a mournful voice, 'you have just killed that child!'

2.翻译
我第3次接受驾驶执照考试。按照要求在车辆拥挤的路上驾驶,我圆满地完成了。在接到把车开出城的指令后,我开始有了信心。确信我已通过考试,所以我几乎开始喜欢起这次考试。主考人对我的驾驶想必是满意的,因为他微笑着说:“埃姆斯先生,只剩1项了。让我们假设一个小孩子突然在你前面穿过马路。我一敲车窗,你必须把车停在5英尺之内。”我继续往前开着。过了一会儿,主考人砰砰地敲了起来。虽然声音听得很清楚,但我过了好一会儿才作出反应。我突然用力踩紧刹车踏板,结果我俩的身体都向前冲去。主考人伤心地看着我。“埃姆斯先生,”他以悲伤的声调说,“你刚刚把那个小孩压死了!”

 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-69.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

1.to drive in heavy traffic, 在车辆拥挤的路上驾驶。
heavy在这里表示“大量的”、“多的”、“密集的”:
Traffic is heavier on this road than on the other one.
这条路上的交通比另一条路上拥挤。
2.…I began to acquire confidence.……我开始有了信心。
acquire通常表示通过努力“获得”、“学到(知识、技术、语言等)”,也可用来表示“养成(习惯等)”:
Mary acquired a good knowledge of Chinese in five years' time.
5年之内玛丽学会了汉语。
Tom acquired a habit of smoking.
汤姆养成了抽烟的习惯。
3.Sure that I had passed…确信我已通过考试……
句首省略了分词being或feeling,在句中作状语(与分词结构作状语的情况类似):
Interested in the story, he finished reading the book in two hours.
由于对故事(情节)感兴趣,他两个小时就把那本书读完了。
4.The examiner must have been pleased with my performance…主考人对我的驾驶想必是满意的……
must have been表示对过去的事情进行猜测。 performance在这里表示“表现”、“表演”、“工作情况”等。(cf.第13课词汇学习)表示“对……满意”时可以用be pleased with:
They are pleased with his work.
他们对他的工作满意。
The manager isn't very pleased with his secretary.
经理对他的秘书不太满意。
5.Let us suppose that…让我们假设……
suppose表示“假设”、“设定”时经常用于“let us suppose that”这个结构:
Let us suppose that there is a forest fire.
让我们假设发生了森林火灾。
6.in a mournful voice, 以悲伤的声调。
in a… voice 表示“以……的声调”:
He told them the news in a sad/ excited voice.
他用悲伤的/激动的声调把这消息告诉了他们。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
murder n. 谋杀
instruct v. 命令,指示
acquire v. 取得,获得
confidence n. 信心
examiner n. 主考人
suppose v. 假设
tap v. 轻敲
react v. 反应
brake n. 刹车
pedal n. 踏板
mournful adj. 悲哀的

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

被动语态(6)
(1)在第10课、第21课、第34课、第45课与第58课的语法中,我们学习了被动语态的基本形式、它与情态助动词的连用、它在动词+宾语+不定式结构中的使用以及它在过去完成时中的使用:
Recently it was damaged by a visitor.
最近它被一个客人弄坏了。(一般过去时)
Passing planes can be heard night and day.
过往飞机日夜不绝于耳。(与情态助动词连用)
Over a hundred people must have been driven away from their homes by the noise.
有一百多人肯定是被噪音逼得已经弃家远去。(must与被动语态的完成式连用)
The bicycle was being sent to his home by train.
人们正用火车给他把自行车送回家。(被动语态用于过去进行时)
He never expected the thief to be arrested.
他从未指望那小偷能被逮着。(被动语态用于复合宾语中的不定式结构中)
The whole village soon learnt that a large sum of money had been lost.
整个村子很快知道,有一大笔钱丢失了。(用于过去完成时)
(2)被动语态还可以用于介词+动名词结构中。介词(after, before, on)+动名词这个结构通常相当于一个时间状语从句。如果两个动作中有一个在另一个开始之前已经完成,则可以用 after+动名词的完成式表示第1个动作;如果只表示先后顺序,则可用after(或 before)+动名词结构; on+动名词通常表示两个动作几乎同时发生:
After having been instructed to drive out of town, I began to acquire confidence.
在接到把车开出城的指令后,我开始有了信心。
The man called the police after being robbed.
那人遭抢劫后给警方打了电话。
He killed a child before being arrested.
他在被捕前杀死了一个孩子。
On/After being told that her mother was seriously ill, she hurried back to England.
她得知母亲病重后连忙回到英国。
被动语态用于介词+动名词结构在英语中是很正式的用法,一般不用于口语中。
(3)被动语态用于 want后面的不定式中时,to be可以省略:
I want the luggage fetched from the hotel this afternoon.
我希望有人今天下午去把行李从旅馆取回来。
want后跟被动语态时往往表示希望别人完成所说的动作。
(4)被动语态还可用于过去进行时,以强调动作的持续性

六、课后练习答案

1.关键句型练习答案
A was being tested(1.1);had been asked(11.1-2);After having been instructed (11.2-3); must have been pleased(1.5);could be heard(1.9); were both thrown forward(1.10)
2.难点练习答案
1 enjoy…practising 2 amused 3 advised…licence
4 entertain 5 entertained 6 amused
3.多项选择题答案
1a 2b 3c 4b 5b 6c
7 d 8 a 9 a 10 b 11c 12 d