一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)

1.课文
During a bullfight, a drunk suddenly wandered into the middle of the ring. The crowd began to shout, but the drunk was unaware of the danger. The bull was busy with the matador at the time, but it suddenly caught sight of the drunk who was shouting rude remarks and waving a red cap. Apparently sensitive to criticism, the bull forgot all about the matador and charged at the drunk. The crowd suddenly grew quiet. The drunk, however, seemed quite sure of himself. When the bull got close to him, he clumsily stepped aside to let it pass. The crowd broke into cheers and the drunk bowed. By this time, however, three men had come into the ring and they quickly dragged the drunk to safety. Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him, for it looked on sympathetically until the drunk was out of the way before once more turning its attention to the matador.

2.翻译
在一次斗牛时,一个醉汉突然溜达到斗牛场中间,人们开始大叫起来,但醉汉却没有意识到危险。当时那公牛正忙于对付斗牛士,但突然它看见了醉汉,只见他正大声说着粗鲁的话,手里挥动着一顶红帽子。对挑衅显然非常敏感的公牛完全撇开斗牛士,直奔醉汉而来。观众突然静了下来,可这醉汉像是很有把握似的。当公牛逼近他时,他踉跄地住旁边一闪,牛扑空了。观众欢呼起来,醉汉向人们鞠躬致谢。然而,此时已有3个人进入斗牛场,迅速把醉汉拉到安全的地方。好像连牛也在为他感到遗憾,因为它一直同情地看着醉汉,直到他的背影消逝,才重新将注意力转向斗牛士。

 

二、学习视频


(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

1.…the drunk was unaware of the danger.……醉汉没有意识到危险。
While she read the book, she was unaware of the noise around her.
她看那本书时没有觉察到周围的噪音。
I was unaware that you were coming.
我不知道你要来。
2.it suddenly caught sight of the drunk,突然它看见了醉汉。
catch sight of是个固定短语,意为“看见”、“发现”:
As I came out of the shop, I caught sight of Dan in the crowd.
当我从商店里出来时,我在人群中看到了丹。
3.sensitive to criticism,对挑衅/批评敏感。
sensitive表示“敏感的”、“神经过敏的”、“易生气的”或“介意的”等,通常与to+名词连用,也可作定语:
Mary is sensitive to smells.
玛丽对气味很敏感。
Mary has a sensitive ear.
玛丽的耳朵很灵敏。
You're too sensitive.
你太敏感了(太容易生气了)。
4.The drunk, however, seemed quite sure of himself.可这醉汉像是很有把握似的。
be/ feel sure of oneself 表示“有自信心”:
She's always so sure of herself.
她总是这么自信。
5.The crowd broke into cheers…观众欢呼起来……
break into 的含义之一是“突然发出/做出”、“突然……起来”,有控制不住的含义:
On hearing the news, she broke into tears.
听到消息后,她大哭起来。
When Sally saw the woman wearing a hat that looked like a lighthouse, she broke into laughter.
当萨莉看到那妇女戴着一顶像灯塔一样的帽子时,她大笑起来。
6.Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him, for it looked on sympathetically until the drunk was out of the way before once more turning its attention to the matador. 好像连牛也在为他感到遗憾,因为它一直同情地看着醉汉,直到他的背影消逝,才重新将注意力转向斗牛士。
这个句子很长。for引导的句子与它前面的分句为并列句。for引导的分句中有两个时间状语,一是until引导的从句,二是before引导的动名词短语,其作用也相当于一个从句,由于主语也是it,用动名词形式更简洁些。
(1)look on可以表示“观看”、“旁观”:
Mary people just looked on while the two men robbed a woman.
当那两个人抢劫一位妇女时,许多人只是旁观。
(2)out of the way为固定短语,可以表示“不挡道”、“不碍事”:
While making meat pies, I always order the children to keep out of the way.
我做肉馅饼时,总是命令孩子们不要碍事。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
bullfight n. 斗牛
drunk n. 醉汉
wander v. 溜达,乱走
ring n. 圆形竞技场地
unaware adj. 不知道的,未觉察的
bull n. 公牛
matador n. 斗牛士
remark n. 评论;言语
apparently adv. 明显地
sensitive adj. 敏感的
criticism n. 批评
charge v. 冲上去
clumsily adv. 笨拙地
bow v. 鞠躬
safety n. 安全地带
sympathetically adv. 同情地

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

与 for, with, of, to, at, from, in, on和 about连用的形容词
第22课第46课的语法中,我们学习了与of, from, in, on, to, at, for和with连用的动词,知道许多动词都有固定搭配的方式(如believe in, borrow from, occur to, account for 等)。另外,许多动词可以与不同的介词搭配(如 dream of/about, look at/for/after等)。与动词的情况相似,形容词大部分也有与自己固定搭配的介词,并且有些形容词也可以与不同的介词搭配。
(1)与 for连用的形容词(包括eager, enough, ready, sorry, famous等):
My aunt is famous for her beauty.
我姑姑因貌美而驰名。
Even the bull seemed to feel sorry for him.
甚至连牛好像也在为他感到遗憾。
I'm ready for the journey.
我已做好旅行的准备。
We have enough apples for the children.
我们有足够给孩子们吃的苹果。
They were eager for the performance to begin.
他们热切地等待演出开始。
(2)与with连用的形容词(包括angry, busy, content, popular 等):
The bull was busy with the matador at the time.
当时那公牛正忙于对付斗牛士。
Why was Mary angry with you?
玛丽为何生你的气?
She wasn't content with her life.
她对自己的生活不满。
Uncle Sam is always popular with children.
萨姆叔叔总是很受孩子们的欢迎。
(3)与of连用的形容词(包括afraid, aware, unaware, careful, certain, kind, north, south, east, west, short, shy, sure等):
The drunk was unaware of the danger.
醉汉没有意识到危险。
Wallis Island is a long way west of Samoa.
瓦立斯岛位于萨摩亚群岛以西很远的地方。
I used to be afraid of ghosts.
我以前很怕鬼。
The drunk seemed quite sure of himself.
醉汉像是很有把握似的。
It's very kind of you to come to the wedding.
非常感谢您来参加婚礼。
She is careful of her dress.
她注意衣着。
Are you certain of his coming?
你确信他会来吗?
I was short of money at that time.
那时我正缺钱。
(4)与to连用的形容词(包括close, cruel, dear, new, obvious, polite, sensitive, rude, useful, similar等):
Most people are sensitive to criticism.
大部分人对别人的批评很敏感。
He was never rude to his parents.
他对父母总是以礼相待。
I can't understand why he was so cruel to his brother/good to that dog/polite to you.
我无法理解他为何对他兄弟如此残忍/对那条狗那么好/对你如此客气。
Though the bicycle is old, it is very dear to me.
虽然这辆自行车破旧,但我很珍视它。
All these words are new to me.
所有这些单词我都是第一次遇到。
Our house is close to a river.
我们家紧挨着一条河。
It's obvious to everyone that he's lying.
大家都清楚他在撒谎。
These books are useful to/for foreign students.
这些书对外国学生有用。
My car is similar to yours.
我的车与你的车相似。
(5)与at连用的形容词(包括good, bad, clever, expert, quick, slow等):
Jane is good/bad at swimming.
简擅长/不擅长游泳。
George is expert at/in flying a plane.
乔治驾驶飞机的技术高超。
Sally is not/very clever at mathematics, but she's clever at making dresses.
萨莉不是很擅长数学,但她擅长做衣服。
Tom is quick/slow at learning new things.
汤姆学新东西学得快/慢。
(6)与 from连用的形容词(包括away, different, far, safe等):
It was very different from modern car races but no less exciting.
它虽然与现代汽车大赛不大相同,但激动人心的程度并不亚于现代汽车大赛。
While you're away from home, I'll look after the children.
你不在家时,我会照顾孩子的。
The lake is far from London.
这湖离伦敦很远。
The man was far from comfortable while being confined to the wooden box.
那人被闷在木箱里时一点儿也不舒服。
The village is safe from floods.
这个村子没有遭洪水袭击的危险。
(7)与in连用的形容词(包括 fortunate, honest, weak等):
You're fortunate in having a house of your own.
你很幸运,有自己的房子。
Frank is honest in business.
弗兰克做生意老实。
I'm weak in/at chemics.
我化学较差。
(8)与on连用的形容词(包括dependent, intent, keen等):
She was keen on tennis.
她热衷于打网球。
You shouldn't be so intent on making money.
你不应当如此一心只想赚钱。
Are you still dependent on your father?
你还靠你父亲生活吗?
(9)与about连用的形容词(包括 curious, doubtful, right, uneasy 等):
She is uneasy about her future.
她为自己的前途担心。
He was curious about the strange noise.
她对那奇怪的响声好奇。
I'm doubtful about/of his words.
我对他的话怀疑。

六、课后练习答案

1.关键句型练习答案
A unaware of(1.2); busy with(1.3); sensitive to(1.5); sure of(1.7); close to(1.8); sorry for(1.10)
B 1 of 2 in…at 3 in…for
4 to…about 5 with…on 6 at…with
7 to…for 8 in 9 to…to
10 of 11 on 12 for
13 from 14 at…of 15 on…about/of
16 for…with 17 at 18 of
19 to…to 20 with 21 to
22 of 23 of 24 to
25 for
2.多项选择题答案
1d 2b 3c 4c 5d 6b
7c 8a 9c 10d 11d 12c