一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)

1.课文
Perhaps the most extraordinary building of the nineteeth century was the Crystal Palace, which was built in Hyde Park for the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace was different from all other buildings in the world, for it was made of iron and glass. It was one of the biggest buildings of all time and a lot of people from many countries came to see it. A great many goods were sent to the exhibition from various parts of the world. There was also a great deal of machinery on display. The most wonderful piece of machinery on show was Nasmyth's steam hammer. Though in those days, traveling was not as easy as it is today, steam boats carried thousands of visitors across the Channel from Europe. On arriving in England, they were taken to the Crystal Palace by train. There were six million visitors in all, and the profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges. Later, the Crystal Palace was moved to South London. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world until it was burnt down in 1936.

2.翻译
19世纪最不寻常的建筑也许要数水晶宫了,它是为1851年的“世界博览会”而建在海德公园的。这座水晶宫不同于世界上所有的其他建筑,因为它是用钢和玻璃建成的。它是有史以来最高大的建筑物之一,因此,人们从各个国家纷纷前来参观。大量的商品从世界各地运送到了博览会,参展的还有很多机器,其中最奇妙的是内史密斯的蒸汽锤。尽管在当时旅行不像现在这么容易,但汽船还是把成千上万的参观者从欧洲大陆送过了英吉利海峡。一到英国,火车就把他们送到了水晶宫。参观的人数总共是600万。博览会的赢利用来建造博物馆和高等学校。后来,“水晶宫”被移到了伦敦南部。在1936年被焚毁之前,它一直是世界上最著名的建筑物之一。

 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-80.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

课文详注 Further notes on the text
1. which was built in Hyde Park…
这是一个非限定性关系从句,修饰逗号前的 the Crystal Palace。
这个从句如果去掉并不影响主句的意思。
2.It was one of the biggest buildings of all time…它是有史以来最高大的建筑物之一……
of all time表示“有史以来”、“空前的”,常与形容词的最高级连
用,表示范围:
He is one of the greatest men of all time.
他是有史以来最伟大的人物之一。
one of+最高级+复数名词结构的语气比直接用形容词最高级
+名词结构要缓和些,不那么绝对。试比较:
3.There was also a great deal of machinery on display. 参展的还有很多机器。
(1)machinery为“机器”、“机械装置”的总称,是集合名词,要与单数动词搭配。某个具体的机器可用 machine或者 a piece of machinery来表示:
This is a wonderful piece of machinery/a wonderful machine.
这是一台奇妙的机器。
There is a lot of new machinery/There are many new machines in our factory.
我们厂里有许多新机器。
(2)on display与下面一句话中的 on show同义,都表示“陈列着”、“展示着”,在句子中可以作状语、定语或表语等:
At the Great Exhibition, a great many goods were on display/show.
世界博览会上展出了大量的商品。(表语)
This is the best dress on display/show.
这是展出的最好的衣服。(定语)
Shall we put all these flowers on display/show?
我们要把所有这些花都陈列出来吗?(宾语补足语)
4. There were six million visitors in all…参观的人数总共是 600 万……
in all为固定短语,其含义之一为“总共”、“合计”:
I paid him £ 200 in all.
我一共付给他200英镑。
At the wedding there were over 100 people in all.
参加婚礼的共有一百多人。
5. It remained one of the most famous buildings in the world…它
一直是世界上最著名的建筑物之一……
remain在这里作系动词,表示“保持不变”、“仍然”(后面可跟形容词、名词、动名词等):
Why did you remain silent/quiet at the dinner party?
你在宴会上为何一言不发?
They all remained standing while the manager talked.
经理讲话时他们一直站着。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
palace n. 宫殿
extraordinary adj. 不平常的,非凡的
exhibition n. 展览
iron n. 铁
various adj. 各种各样的
machinery n. 机器
display n. 展览
steam n. 蒸汽
profit n. 利润
college n. 学院

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

1.profit
(1)n.利润,赢利;得益:
Stores haven't made as much profit as usual this year.
今年商店的赢利不如往常多。(不可数名词)
The profits from the exhibition were used to build museums and colleges.
博览会的赢利用来建造博物馆和高等学校。(可数名词)
(2)vi.获益,得益;获利:
I have profited much from your advice/this book/living abroad.
你的建议/这本书/生活在国外使我获益匪浅。
2.与on有关的介词短语
在课文评注3中我们学习了on display/show。on还可以与其
他一些名词组成介词短语,常见的有:
(1)on business,因公(与 for pleasure相对):
Last month he went to New York on business and had little time to visit friends.
他上月因公事去纽约,几乎没有时间拜访朋友。
(2)on foot,步行(与by bus, by car, by air等相对):
I usually go to work by car, but this morning I went on foot.
我通常开车去上班,但今天上午我是步行去的。
(3)on duty,值班,值班的:
It was Sunday and there was only one doctor on duty.
那天是星期天,只有一位医生在值班。
(4)on the whole,总的看来,总的来说,大体上:
On the whole, he is a hard-working student.
总的来说,他是个用功的学生。
(5)on fire,起火,着火:
Soon the whole building was on fire.
整个大楼很快便都着火了。
(6)on purpose,故意地,有意地,特意地(与by chance相对):
They have come here on purpose to see you.
他们特意来看望你。
She broke the vase on purpose.
她故意把花瓶打碎。
(7)on the average,平均,通常:
On the average, he works more than ten hours a day.
他平均每天要工作十多个小时。
(8)on any account,无论如何,不管怎么说(通常用于否定句):
Do not interrupt him on any account.
你一定不要打断他(的话)。
(9)on second thought(s),经重新考虑后(thought用单数或复数均可):
I intended to go to the party, but on second thought(s), I decided to stay at home.
我原打算去参加聚会,但经过重新考虑,决定呆在家里。

 

六、课后练习答案

1.关键句型练习答案
A the most extraordinary building of the nineteenth century (1.1); one of the biggest buildings of all time (11.4-5), The most wonderful piece of machinery on show (11.8-9); travelling was not as easy as it is today (1.9); one of the most famous buildings in the world (1.13)
2.难点练习答案
1 on duty 2 on second thoughts 3 on purpose
4 on foot 5 on the whole 6 on any account
7 On the average
3.多项选择题答案
1c 2b 3d 4a 5d 6c
7a 8d 9c 10c 11d 12b