Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea. Though people have often laughed at stories told by seamen, it is now known that many of these 'monsters' which have at times been sighted are simply strange fish. Occasionally, unusual creatures are washed to the shore, but they are rarely caught out at sea. Some time ago, however, a peculiar fish was caught near Madagascar. A small fishing boat was carried miles out to sea by the powerful fish as it pulled on the line. Realizing that this was no ordinary fish, the fisherman made every effort not to damage it in any way. When it was eventually brought to shore, it was found to be over thirteen feet long. It had a head like a horse, big blue eyes, shining silver skin, and a bright red tail. The fish, which has since been sent to a museum where it is being examined by a scientist, is called an oarfish. Such creatures have rarely been seen alive by man as they live at a depth of six hundred feet.
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1．Fishermen and sailors sometimes claim to have seen monsters in the sea. 渔夫和水手们有时声称看见过海里的妖怪。
to have seen是不定式的完成式结构。不定式的完成式用于不定式的动作发生在谓语动作之前的情况：
I'm sorry to have taken up so much of your time.
I'm glad to have met your family.
She seemed to have cleaned the room.
She is believed/said/found to have gone to Australia.
He is thought/believed to have been killed in an air crash.
I meant/intended to have invited him, but I forgot to do so.
I hope/plan to have finished by 12.
At times I feel that he is not honest.
He comes to see us at times.
3．…they are rarely caught out at sea.……它们在海上极少能被捕到。
A small fishing boat was carried miles out to sea…
When her little boat was caught in a storm out at sea, she thought no one could help her now.
Don't sail out to sea in this weather.
4．this was no ordinary fish, 这根本不是一条普通的鱼。
They are no friends of ours.
This is no easy work.
5．made every effort, 尽一切努力。（cf．第78课课文详注）
6．Such creatures have rarely been seen alive by man…人们很少能看到活着的这类动物……
There are many strange creatures in the sea.
The poor creature has suffered a lot during that time.
monster n. 怪物
sailor n. 海员
sight v. 见到
creature n. 动物，生物
peculiar adj. 奇怪的，不寻常的
shining adj. 闪闪发光的
oarfish n. 桨鱼
（1）vt. , vi.（对……）提出要求，认领，索取：
Has anyone claimed the child/wallet?
They claim to have seen monsters in the sea.
He claimed that Tom had stolen his wallet.
I must get up and wash.
She has washed all those clothes.
Sally can almost wash herself now.
Occasionally, unusual creatures are washed to the shore.
The little wooden house was washed away by the floods.
When you phoned, she was busy washing up (the dishes).
The dead body of a huge fish has been washed up on the shore.
1 wash up 2 laugh at 3 washed 4 laughed 5 wash
1a 2b 3a 4d 5c 6c
7d 8a 9a 10c 11b 12d