一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)

1.课文
The former Prime Minister, Mr. Wentworth Lane, was defeated in the recent elections. He is now retiring from political life and has gone abroad. My friend, Patrick, has always been a fanatical opponent of Mr. Lane's Radical Progressive Party. After the elections, Patrick went to the former Prime Minister's house. When he asked if Mr. Lane lived there, the policeman on duty told him that since his defeat, the ex-Prime Minister had gone abroad. On the following day, Patrick went to the house again. The same policeman was just walking slowly past the entrance, when Patrick asked the same question. Though a little suspicious this time, the policeman gave him the same answer. The day after, Patrick went to the house once more and asked exactly the same question. This time, the policeman lost his temper. 'I told you yesterday and the day before yesterday,' he shouted, 'Mr. Lane was defeated in the elections. He has retired from political life and gone to live abroad!"

2.翻译
前首相温特沃兹.莱恩先生在最近的大选中被击败。他现在退出了政界,到国外去了。我的朋友帕特里克一直是莱恩先生的激进党的强烈反对者。大选结束后,帕特里克来到了前首相的住处。当他询问莱恩先生是否住在那里时,值班的警察告诉他这位前首相落选后出国去了。第二天,帕特里克再次来到首相的住处。昨天的那位警察正从门口慢慢走过,帕特里克上前问了和昨天同样的问题。虽然那位警察这次有点疑心,但还是对他作了同样的回答。第三天,帕特里克又去了,提出了同前两天完全一样的问题。这一次警察火了。“我昨天和前天都告诉过您了,”他大叫着,“莱恩先生在大选中被击败了,他已经退出了政界去国外了!”
“这我都知道,”帕特里克说,“可我就是喜欢听你说出这句!”

 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/2-83.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)

b1.The former Prime Minister, Mr. Wentworth Lane, was defeated in the recent elections. 前首相温特沃兹·莱恩先生在最近的大选中被击败。
(1)former在这里表示“以前的”、“从前的”或“前任的”,后面需要跟名词:
Yesterday, he received a letter from his former wife/English teacher.
昨天他收到了他前妻/以前的英语老师的一封信。
(2)election指一般选举时用单数,指全国性的选举时用复数:
An election will be held next month.
下月将举行一次选举。
He hopes to defeat his rival in next year's elections.
他希望在明年的大选中击败对手。
2.…the ex-Prime Minister had gone abroad.……这位前首相出国去了。
前缀ex-加在名词前表示“以前的”(相当于former),如ex-husband(前夫), ex-wife(前妻),ex-taxi-driver(前出租汽车司机),ex-manager(前任经理),ex-headmaster(前任校长)等。
3.Though a little suspicious this time…虽然那位警察这次有点疑心……
这是一个省略了主语和连系动词的让步状语从句。通常,如果从句的主语与主句的相同而谓语带系动词be,则主语+be可省略(原因状语从句例外):
While at college, she wrote a novel.
她上大学时写了一部小说。
He acted as if certain of success.
他的举止就像一定会成功一样。(方式)
If possible, please let me know by this evening.
如果可能的话,请在今晚以前告诉我。(条件)
Though tired, he went to bed very late.
他虽然疲惫,但还是很晚才上床。(让步)
原因状语从句的省略形式要带分词being:
Being worried about his child, he walked up and down in the room.
他由于为孩子担心,在屋子里来回走着。

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典。(手机端无法使用此功能)

3、单词列表:
election n. 选举
former adj. 从前的
defeat v. 打败
fanatical adj. 狂热的
opponent n. 反对者,对手
radical adj. 激进的
progressive adj. 进步的
ex- prefix (前缀,用于名词前)前......
suspicious adj. 怀疑的

五、重点难点

(重点难点包括语法、短语固定搭配、习惯用语等内容)

1. He is now retiring from political life and has gone abroad.
retire from:从...退休
eg
=>to retire from the world 遁世
=>retire to bed [to rest] 就寝
=>retire for the night就寝, 上床去睡

2、the policeman on duty told him that since his defeat, the ex-Prime Minister had gone abroad.
on duty:当班的,当值的
ex-:前缀,表示"前..."
eg
British=>ex-British
serviceman=>ex-serviceman
wife=>ex-wife

3、Though a little suspicious this time, the policeman gave him the same answer.
suspicious (of):怀疑某人/某事
suspicion: n.猜疑, 怀疑
Ex:
=>John had always shared Ann's suspicion of Michael.
=>Their friendship is regarded with suspicion by their teachers.

4、This time, the policeman lost his temper.
lost one's temper:某人发火了
eg
a quick temper:急性子
fly into temper: 暴怒,盛怒

5、课文中的6种时态(注意了解各时态的具体应用)

一般现在时
=> I love to hear you say it!
一般过去时
=>The former Prime Minister was defeated in the recent elections.
现在进行时
=>He is now retiring from political life...
过去进行时
=>The same policeman was just walking slowly past the entrance, when Patrick asked the same question.
现在完成时
=>My friend, Patrick, has always been a fanatical opponent of Mr. Lane's Radical Progressive Party.
过去完成时
=>...the policeman on duty told him that since his defeat, the ex-Prime Minister had gone abroad.

六、课后练习答案

1. b
根据课文内容可以推测只有b. 是正确的,课文所暗示出如果温特沃兹?莱恩先生在最近的大选中获胜,他还会当首相的,但事实上他没有获胜。 只有b. 与这一暗示相符,其他3个选择都与课文的内容不符。
2. a
根据课文最后一行but I love to hear it, 可以判断a. 是课文所暗示的情形,其他3个选择都与课文含义不符。
本句的前半部分用的是现在完成时 he has always been a fanantical opponent (他一直是强烈的反对者),后半部分只有用一般现在时才能与前面的时态协调,并合乎逻辑。 应该选c. 其他3个选择都不对:a. has been 是现在完成时,与前面时态重复,意思不同;b. was 是过去时不合乎逻辑;d. has 不合乎题目意思,此外需要的是动词be,而不是have. 所以c. 是最佳答案。
4. c
只有选c. to 才符合习惯用法,因为be opposed 后面需要同介词to 搭配才能构成固定短语,be opposed to 意思为“反对”,其他3个选择都不能同opposed 连用,所以应该选c.
5. a
该句需要选一个与前一句中的连词if(是否)意义相同的词,才能使两个句子意思相同. 只有a. whether (是否)与if 意义相同,其他3个选择b. that , c. unless(如果不,除非)和d. providing that (以……为条件,假如)都与if 的含义不同,所以选a.
6. b
只有选b. of 才符合习惯用法, 因为句中的suspicious 后面只能跟介词of 或about 构成固定短语, be suspicious of/about 意思是“对……感到怀疑”,其它3个选择都不能与suspicious 连用,所以选b.
7. c
本句的时间状语是for some time (一段时间)表示一段时间的状语应该同完成时态连用才合乎逻辑;a. has gone 是完成时,但它表示的是瞬间完成的动作,不应该同表示一段时间的短语来年用;b. went 和 d. did go 都不是完成时;只有c. has been 是完成时,可以同表示一段时间的短语连用,表示某种状态持续的时间,所以应该选c.
8. b
本句需要一个同前一句中的形容词former (先前的,过去的)含义相同的词。 a. first (第一的);b. previous (先的,以前的);c. latter (最近的);d. before (以前,在……之前)中,只有b. 与former 的意义和词性相同,所以选b.
9. c
本句需要选一个同前一句中的defeated (被击败)含义相同的词。 a. conquered (被征服的),b. won (被赢得的,胜利的);c. beaten (被击败的);d. destroyed (被毁坏的)中,只有c. 与defeated 的意义相同,所以选c.
10. d
只有选d. against 才能使此句与前一句Patrick has always been a fanatical opponent(帕特里克一直是强烈的反对者。)的含义协调一致。而若选a. opposite(对面)与前一句意义不符, b. anti 一般不能单独使用,它常做前缀表示“反对”,“防”“抗”等,在口语中可以做名词或形容词,意思为“持反对态度的人”, “反对的”,也不适合这个句子, c. at 意思讲不通。
所以d. 是答案。
11. a
本句需要选一个同前一句中的lost his temper (生气,发脾气)含义相同的词组。a. got angry (生气);b. was in a bad mood (心境不好);c. lost his nerve (畏缩,害怕);d. was in a bad humour (情绪不好,不高兴)中,只有a. 与lost his temper 意义最接近,所以选a.
12. b
本句是需要选一个与前一句中的election (选举)意义相关的词,才能使其意义与前一句符合。 a. marks (分数,记号);b. votes (投票,选票);c. points (点,得分);d. grades (等级,成绩,分数)中,只有b. 的词意义与election 有关,而其他3个选择意义相同,一般都不用来指选举的得票数,所以b.是最佳答案。