Fish and chips has always been a favourite dish in Britain, but as the oceans have been overfished, fish has become more and more expensive. So it comes as a surprise to learn that giant fish are terrifying the divers on North Sea oil rigs. Oil rigs have to be repaired frequently and divers, who often have to work in darkness a hundred feet under water, have been frightened out of their wits by giant fish bumping into them as they work. Now they have had special cages made to protect them from these monsters. The fish are not sharks or killer whales, but favourite eating varieties like cod and skate which grow to unnatural sizes, sometimes as much as twelve feet in length. Three factors have caused these fish to grow so large: the warm water round the hot oil pipes under the sea; the plentiful supply of food thrown overboard by the crews on the rigs; the total absence of fishing boats around the oil rigs. As a result, the fish just eat and eat and grow and grow in the lovely warm water. Who eats who?
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1．Fish and chips has always been a favourite dish in Britain…油煎鱼加炸土豆片一直是英国人喜爱的一道菜……
fish and chips被看做是一个整体，因此，虽然chips是复数形式，它后面却要跟动词的单数形式。（cf．本课词汇学习）dish在这里指“一盘菜”或“菜肴”、“食品”：
I like French dishes.
Would you like a sweet dish?
2．…divers…have been frightened out of their wits by giant fish bumping into them as they work．……潜水员……曾在工作时被撞到他们身上的大鱼吓得惊慌失措。
（1）out of one's wits表示“失去理智”、“惊慌失措”：
She was frightened out of her wits by the great fire.
Are you out of your wits?
Wandering in darkness, the drunk bumped into a policeman.
I bumped into Jane at the conference.
3．Now they have had special cages made to protect them from these monsters. 现在他们有了特制的笼子，用来保护他们免受大鱼的侵袭。
（1）have had…made 是使役式的完成式。（cf．第66课语法）
He tried to protect the child from the rain/the dog.
This coat will protect you against the cold.
4．favourite eating varieties, 深受人们喜爱的食用的品种。
Eating corn is quite sweet.
These are eating apples, and those are cooking apples/ones.
5．the total absence of fishing boats around the oil rigs, 钻井平台周围根本没有捕鱼船只。
His letter is a total surprise to her.
That girl is a total stranger to me.
These plants don't grow well because of the absence of rain/sunshine.
6．as a result，结果，因此。
He didn't work hard at mathematics. As a result, he failed in the examination.
My husband Spent weeks training our dog to press its paw on the latch. As a result, it has become an expert at opening the gate.
chip n. 油煎土豆片
overfish v. 过度捕捞
giant adj. 巨大的
terrify v. 吓，使恐怖
diver n. 潜水员
oil rig 石油钻塔
wit n. （复数）理智，头脑
cage n. 笼
shark n. 鲨鱼
whale n. 鲸
variety n. 品种
cod n. 鳕
skate n. 鳐
factor n. 因素
crew n. 全体工作人员
He received special care while in Paris.
He intends to send you a special gift on your birthday.
Special cages are made to protect them from giant fish.
A special railway line will be built for the Olympic Games.
Jane and Bill have got married last week.
An umbrella and a suitcase are still needed.
（2）有些名词由于经常在一起连用，人们已把它们看成一个整体（或一个单位），因而成了一种复合名词。它们不仅有固定的词序，且后面的谓语动词通常要用单数形式。这类复合名词包括bacon and eggs（咸肉和鸡蛋），bread and butter（面包和黄油），cheese and wine（奶酪和葡萄酒），fish and chips（鱼和油炸土豆片），a knife and fork（一副刀叉），sausage (s) and mash（香肠和土豆泥）。
Fish and chips is a popular meal in Britain.
Bacon and eggs is my favourite dish.
Fish and chips make a good meal.
B 1 They have had special cages made to protect the divers from these monsters.
2 The oil companies have had the rigs repaired frequently.
3 The divers often have to work in total darkness.
4 He has had a book published.
5 We have to protect fish stocks.
6 We have not had the letter sent to his new address.
7‘I will have the package sent to you,’she promised.
8 Do you have to go so soon?
9 Are you going to have this suit cleaned?
10 When will you have this loose handle fixed?
11 I have to take this cap in to have new brakes fitted.
12 How long is it since you had to see a doctor?
13 The doctor told me I had to get more exercise.
1 is 2 is 3 are 4 Is 5 have
1b 2c 3c 4c 5a 6b
7c 8b 9a 10d 11d 12d