In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of $1,000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel. Over a year passed before the first attempt was made. On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning, Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV.' He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on sea. The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
Two days later, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'. Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his latest model. A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles. Latham, however, did not give up easily. He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antoinette'. It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel. Both planes were going to take off on July 25th, but Latham failed to get up early enough, After making a short test flight at 4,15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later. His great flight lasted thirty-seven minutes. When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman. Latham made another attempt a week later and got within half a mile of Dover, but he was unlucky again. His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.
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1, In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of ￡1000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel.
the first man who would fly… = the first man to fly across...
e.g. She was the only one to survive the plane crash.
offer a prize of sth(指某种奖励) to sb 给予某人……奖励
2, Over a year passed before the first attempt was made.
attempt n.&vt. 试图，尝试，其语气比try要强烈
(1)in one's attempt
e.g. She failed in her attempt to swim the channel. 她横渡海峡的尝试失败了。
(2)make an attempt on 尝试，试图
e.g. He made an attempt on the mountain. 他试图翻越那座山。
(3)make an attempt to do 尝试，试图
e.g. She made any attempt to run away. 她想方设法逃走。
(4)make no attempt 没有……企图，尝试
e.g. She made an attempt to run away. 她没有想逃走。
3，He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on the sea.
when = at that moment
failed: 这里意思是：break down，失灵，出故障
fail 失败，忽视; fail to 未能
e.g. She failed to win the prize.
e.g. When I saw him, my words failed me.
be forced to do 被迫做……
4, The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
pick up 这里意思是：save, rescue
5, Two days later, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'.
with a plane: with 具有、带有
6, It looks as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.
It looked as if： 似乎，看起来，其中谓语动词would be 表示与未来的事实不相符的虚拟结构
e.g. It looked as if there would be a heavy storm.
7, Latham, however did not give up easily.
give up 放弃，do not give up easily 不轻易作罢
8, After making a short test flight at 4.15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later.
make a short test flight 作了短暂的试飞后
双重意义：dear price 昂贵； expensive 珍贵
e.g. This is the person about whom I was telling you.
e.g. Is this a book for which you asked me?
3．有些“动词+ 介词”的合成词组被看成是不可分割的语言单位，这个时候介词必须紧跟动词，不可移动，如：take after account for
e.g. He described it as a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.(in the midst of跟后面的谓语动词flow没有任何关系)
e.g. Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter in which the writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands.
【Multiple choice questions】
3. make another forced landing…迫降
4. C正确 序数词和不定式搭配连用
5. A正确 not till not until
7. D正确 pormised: 有什么的可能，有发生的迹象——好
9. no further: 修饰距离
no longer: 修饰时间或长度
no more: 修饰某物
I can walk no further.
He no longer lives here.
I can eat no more.
10.D正确 The ship rode the waves.
hold water: 论点，观点站得住脚，说得通