新概念英语第三册20:Pioneer pilots
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of $1,000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel. Over a year passed before the first attempt was made. On July 19th, 1909, in the early morning, Hubert Latham took off from the French coast in his plane the 'Antoinette IV.' He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on sea. The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.
Two days later, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'. Bleriot had been making planes since 1905 and this was his latest model. A week before, he had completed a successful overland flight during which he covered twenty-six miles. Latham, however, did not give up easily. He, too, arrived near Calais on the same day with a new 'Antoinette'. It looked as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel. Both planes were going to take off on July 25th, but Latham failed to get up early enough, After making a short test flight at 4,15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later. His great flight lasted thirty-seven minutes. When he landed near Dover, the first person to greet him was a local policeman. Latham made another attempt a week later and got within half a mile of Dover, but he was unlucky again. His engine failed and he landed on the sea for the second time.
 
2.翻译
1908年,诺斯克利夫勋爵拿出1,000英镑,作为对第一个飞越英吉利海峡的人的奖励。然而一年多过去了才有人出来尝试。1909年7月19日凌晨,休伯特.莱瑟姆驾驶“安特瓦特4号”飞机从法国海岸起飞,但他只在海峡上空飞行7英里,引擎就发生了故障,他只好降落在海面上。“安特瓦特”号飞机在海上漂浮,后来有船经过,莱瑟姆方才获救。
两天之后,路易斯.布莱里奥驾驶一名为“11号”的飞机来到加来附近。布莱里奥从1905年起便开始研制飞机,“11号”飞机是他制作的最新型号。一周以前,他曾成功地进行了一次26英里的陆上飞行。但是莱瑟姆不肯轻易罢休。同一天,他驾驶一架新的“安特瓦特”号飞机来到了加来附近。看来会有一场激烈的飞越英吉利海峡的竞争。两天飞机都打算在7月25日起飞,但莱瑟姆那天起床晚了。布莱里奥凌晨4点15分作了一次短距离试飞,半小时后便正式出发了。他这次伟大的飞行持续37分钟。当他在多佛着陆后,第一个迎接他的是当地一名警察。莱瑟姆一周以后也作了一次尝试,飞到离多佛不到半英里的地方。这次他又遭厄运,因引擎故障第二次降落在海面上。
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考。同学们可根据教学视频记录笔记,以便复习。)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-20.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1, In 1908 Lord Northcliffe offered a prize of £1000 to the first man who would fly across the English Channel.

the first man who would fly… = the first man to fly across...

序数词和动词不定式to搭配连用可以代替其后的定语从句

e.g. She was the only one to survive the plane crash.

offer a prize of sth(指某种奖励) to sb 给予某人……奖励

2, Over a year passed before the first attempt was made.

如果before所引导的时间状语从句之前出现段时间,则最佳翻译方法:才。。。

attempt n.&vt. 试图,尝试,其语气比try要强烈

相关词组:

(1)in one's attempt

e.g. She failed in her attempt to swim the channel. 她横渡海峡的尝试失败了。

(2)make an attempt on 尝试,试图

e.g. He made an attempt on the mountain. 他试图翻越那座山。

(3)make an attempt to do 尝试,试图

e.g. She made any attempt to run away. 她想方设法逃走。

(4)make no attempt 没有……企图,尝试

e.g. She made an attempt to run away. 她没有想逃走。

3,He had travelled only seven miles across the Channel when his engine failed and he was forced to land on the sea.

when = at that moment

failed: 这里意思是:break down,失灵,出故障

fail 失败,忽视; fail to 未能

e.g. She failed to win the prize.

e.g. When I saw him, my words failed me.

be forced to do 被迫做……

4, The 'Antoinette' floated on the water until Latham was picked up by a ship.

pick up 这里意思是:save, rescue

5, Two days later, Louis Bleriot arrived near Calais with a plane called 'No. XI'.

with a plane: with 具有、带有

6, It looks as if there would be an exciting race across the Channel.

It looked as if: 似乎,看起来,其中谓语动词would be 表示与未来的事实不相符的虚拟结构

e.g. It looked as if there would be a heavy storm.

7, Latham, however did not give up easily.

give up 放弃,do not give up easily 不轻易作罢

8, After making a short test flight at 4.15 a.m., Bleriot set off half an hour later.

make a short test flight 作了短暂的试飞后

双重意义:dear price 昂贵; expensive 珍贵

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
pioneer
n. 先驱
lord
n. 对(英国)贵族的尊称;勋爵
Calais
n. 加来(法国港市)
overland
adj. 陆上的

 

五、重点难点

定语从句中介词位置

决定介词位置的4个因素:

1,在书面语中,当定语从句的关系代词是介词的宾语时,能够把可移位的介词提前放在关系代词的前面

e.g. This is the person about whom I was telling you.

e.g. Is this a book for which you asked me?

2,在口语中,介词一般要放在从句的末尾

3.有些“动词+ 介词”的合成词组被看成是不可分割的语言单位,这个时候介词必须紧跟动词,不可移动,如:take after account for

4.在很多情况下,介词和关系代词构成独立的介词短语,在句中起状语作用,与从句的谓语动词毫无关系,而不是谓语动词的一部分,这时介词始终位于关系代词之前

e.g. He described it as a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.(in the midst of跟后面的谓语动词flow没有任何关系)

e.g. Mrs. Ramsay received an anonymous letter in which the writer stated that Rastus was in safe hands.

 

六、课后练习答案

  【Multiple choice questions】
  1. C正确
  2. B正确
  3. make another forced landing…迫降
  4. C正确 序数词和不定式搭配连用
  5. A正确 not till not until
  6. C正确
  7. D正确 pormised: 有什么的可能,有发生的迹象——好
  8. A正确
  9. no further: 修饰距离
  no longer: 修饰时间或长度
  no more: 修饰某物
  I can walk no further.
  He no longer lives here.
  I can eat no more.
  10.D正确 The ship rode the waves.
  hold water: 论点,观点站得住脚,说得通
  11.A正确
  12.immense: 修饰面积大得难以测量