新概念英语第三册21:Daniel Mendoza
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money. Because of this, they were known as 'prizefighters'. However, boxing was very crude, for these were no rules and a prizefighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.
One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza, who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was not introduced until 1860, when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set of rules. Though he was technically a prizefighter, Mendoza did much to change crude prizefighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In this day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.
Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing match when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarrelled bitterly and it was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton, where both men fought for an hour. The public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time. It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and became Champion of England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as $100 for a single appear one of his pupils. He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as $100 for a single appearance. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison for failing to pay his debts and died in poverty in 1836.
 
2.翻译
两百年前,拳击比赛在英国非常盛行。当时,拳击手们不戴手套,为争夺奖金而搏斗。因此,他们被称作“职业拳击手”。不过,拳击是十分野蛮的,因为当时没有任何比赛规则,职业拳击手有可能在比赛中受重伤,甚至丧命。
拳击史上最引人注目的人物之一是丹尼尔.门多萨,他生于1764年。1860年昆斯伯里侯爵第一次为拳击比赛制定了规则,拳击比赛这才用上了手套。虽然门多萨严格来讲不过是个职业拳击手,但在把这种粗野的拳击变成一种体育运动方面,他作出了重大贡献。是他把科学引进了这项运动。门多萨在的全盛时期深受大家欢迎,无论是富人还是穷人都对他祟拜备至。
门多萨在14岁时参加一场拳击赛后一举成名。这引起当时英国拳坛名将理查德.汉弗莱斯的注意。他主动提出教授门多萨,而年少的门多萨一学就会。事实上,门多萨不久便名声大振,致使汉弗莱斯与他反目为敌。两个人争吵不休,显而易见,只有较量一番才能解决问题。于是两人在斯蒂尔顿设下赛场,厮打了一个小时。公众把大笔赌注下到了门多萨身上,但他却输了。后来,门多萨与汉弗莱斯再次在拳击场上较量,门多萨又输了一场。直到1790年他们第3次对垒,门多萨才终于击败汉弗莱斯,成了全英拳击冠军。同时,他建立了一所拳击学校,办得很成功,连拜伦勋爵也成了他的学生。门多萨挣来大笔大笔的钱,一次出场费就多可达100英镑。尽管收入不少,但他挥霍无度,经常债台高筑。他在被一个叫杰克逊绅士的拳击手击败后很快被遗忘。他因无力还债而被捕入狱,最后于1836年在贫困中死去。
 

二、学习视频

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1、In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for prize money.

fought with bare fists 赤手空拳的打斗

2、One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza, who was born in

1764.

One of the most colourful figures = one of the most famous people

3、The use of gloves was not introduced until 1860, when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up

the first set of rules.

Introduce(vt.传入, 引进)= bring in(介绍引进)

-- Potatoes were introduced into Europe from South America.

draw up vt.制定、起草(-- draw up a plan)

4、In his day, Mendoza enjoyed tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.

In his day = in his full time = in his good day 在他的全盛时期

He was adored by rich and poor alike.

= He was not only adored by the rich but adored by the poor as well.

5、Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing match when he was only fourteen years old.

rise to fame = become famous

rise to power = become powerful

6、This attracted the attention of Richard Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in

England.

attract somebody's attention = attract the attention of somebody

7、Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and he lost for a second time.

he lost for a second time = he lost again

8、He earned enormous sums of money and was paid as much as $100 for a single appearance.

as much as 多达

9、Despite this, he was so extravagant that he was always in debt.

in debt 欠债, 负债

in private 私底下

双重意义:dear price 昂贵; expensive 珍贵

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
Boxing
n. 拳击
boxer
n. 拳击手
bare
adj. 赤裸的
prizefighter
n. 职业拳击手(尤指古时赤手拳击手)
crude
adj. 粗野的
marquis
n. 侯爵
technically
adv. 严格根据法律意义地
science
n. 科学
popularity
n. 名望
adore
v. 崇拜,爱戴
alike
adv. 一样地
fame
n. 名声
eminent
adj. 著名的,杰出的
bitterly
adv. 厉害地
bet
v. 打赌
academy
n. 专业学校
extravagant
adj. 浪费的,奢移的
poverty
n. 贫困

 

五、重点难点

重点语法:定语从句

  在复合句中修饰名词或代词、作定语的句子叫定语从句。定语从句所修饰的词叫“先行词”,因为它总是处在定语从句的前头,比定语从句先行一步。引导定语从句的词叫关系词,包括关系代词和关系副词。

关系代词:

who,which,that作从句的主语

whom,which,that作从句的宾语

whose作从句中的定语

以下情况只能用that,不能用which:

1.先行词为不定代词all,little,none,any,every,no,much,anything,nothing

2.先行词只有最高级和序数词修饰时(包括:the only ,the very ,the same ,the last ,the next 等)

3.先行词既有人又有物的时候

以下情况只能用which,不能用that:

1.引导非限制性定语从句(包括代表整个主句的意思时)

2.介词+关系代词的结构中

关系副词:

when指时间,在定语从句中作时间状语

where指地点,在定语从句作地点状语

why指原因,在定语从句中作原因状语,只修饰reason

 

六、课后练习答案

  【Multiple choice questions】
  1...b...
  2...d...
  3...c... apart from: 除什么之外还有
  4...a...
  5...a...
  6...b...
  7...b... owe money to people
  8...b... personality:个性=character image:偶像
  9...c...
  exceptionally->unusually: 不同寻常的
  marvellously=wonderfully:奇妙的,奇异的
  singly: 单独的
  unequally:独一无二的
  an exceptionally beautiful girl
  10...a...
  名词形式,名词所有格,rise:vi.&n.
  11...a...
  12...d...
  beat=defeat
  conquer:征服
  gain:赢得,获得
  win: 赢得(比赛)