新概念英语第三册23:One man's meat is another man's poison
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
People become quite illogical when they try to decide what can be eaten and what cannot be eaten. If you lived in the Mediterranean, for instance, you would consider octopus a great delicacy. You would not be able to understand why some people find it repulsive. On the other hand, your stomach would turn at the idea of frying potatoes in animal fat -- the normally accepted practice in many northern countries. The sad truth is that most of us have been brought up to eat certain foods and we stick to them all our lives.
No creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail. Cooked in wine, snails are a great luxury in various parts of the world. There are countless people who, ever since their early years, have learned to associate snails with food. My friend, Robert, lives in a country where snails are despised. As his flat is in a large town, he has no garden of his own. For years he has been asking me to collect snails from my garden and take them to him. The idea never appealed to me very much, but one day, after heavy shower, I happened to be walking in my garden when I noticed a huge number of snails taking a stroll on some of my prize plants. Acting on a sudden impulse, I collected several dozen, put them in a paper bag, and took them to Robert. Robert was delighted to see me and equally pleased with my little gift. I left the bag in the hall and Robert and I went into the living room where we talked for a couple of hours. I had forgotten all about the snails when Robert suddenly said that I must stay to dinner. Snails would, of course, be the main dish. I did not fancy the idea and I reluctantly followed Robert out of the room. To our dismay, we saw that there were snails everywhere: they had escaped from the paper bag and had taken complete possession of the hall! I have never been able to look at a snail since then.
 
2.翻译
在决定什么能吃而什么不能吃的时候,人们往往变得不合情理。比如,如果你住在地中海地区,你会把章鱼视作是美味佳肴,同时不能理解为什么有人一见章鱼就恶心。另一方面,你一想到动物油炸土豆就会反胃,但这在北方许多国家却是一种普通的烹任方法。不无遗憾的是, 我们中的大部分人,生来就只吃某几种食品,而且一辈子都这样。
没有一种生物所受到的赞美和厌恶会超过花园里常见的蜗牛了。蜗牛加酒烧煮后,便成了世界上许多地方的一道珍奇的名菜。有不计其数的人们从小就知道蜗牛可做菜。但我的朋友罗伯特却住在一个厌恶蜗牛的国家中。他住在大城市里的一所公寓里,没有自己的花园。多年来,他一直让我把我园子里的蜗牛收集起来给他捎去。一开始,他的这一想法没有引起我多大兴趣。后来有一天,一场大雨后,我在花园里漫无目的散步,突然注意到许许多多蜗牛在我的一些心爱的花木上慢悠悠的蠕动着。我一时冲动,逮了几十只,装进一只纸袋里,带着去找罗伯特。罗伯特见到我很高兴,对我的薄礼也感到满意。我把纸袋放在门厅里,与罗伯特一起进了起居室,在那里聊了好几个钟头。我把蜗牛的事已忘得一干二净,罗伯特突然提出一定要我留下来吃晚饭,这才提醒了我。蜗牛当然是道主菜。我并不喜欢这个主意,所以我勉强跟着罗伯特走进了起居室。使我们惊愕的是门厅里到处爬满了蜗牛:它们从纸袋里逃了出来,爬得满厅都是!从那以后,我再也不能看一眼蜗牛了。
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考。同学们可根据教学视频记录笔记,以便复习。)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-23.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1, On the other hand, your stomach would turn at the idea of frying potatoes in animal fat
on the other hand 转折连接词,表示而另一方面
at the idea of: at 介词搭配作状语,表示当......就......;一......就......
at the idea of 一想到
at the sight of 一看到
at the mention of 一提到
at the news of 一听到......消息
at the touth of 一触摸到......东西
at the sound of 一听到......声音
at the thought of 一想到
Eg.: I was glad at the thought of getting something te eat.
I always love at the mention of ghost story.

2, the normally accepted practice in many northern countries
practice 表示习俗,做法
habit表示个人习惯
custom社会的风俗或习俗
Eg.: Early to bed and early to rise is good habit.
It is now quite common practice for married women not to take their husband’s second name.
the custum of giving present at Christmas

3, The sad truth is that most of us have been brought up to eat certain foods
that引导表语从句,说明truth的内容
bring up抚养
Joe is born in England, but brought up in France.
She was brought up to beliee that money is the most (great) important thing in life.

4, we stick to them all our lives.
stick to = keep to; not give up
Eg.: We stick to them all our lives.
I made my decision and I am going to stick to it.
stick to the idea
stick to the plan
insist on doing sth. 坚持做某事
persist in doing sth. 坚持做某事

5, No creature has received more praise and abuse than the common garden snail.
比较级表达最高级的概念
Nobody is more beautiflu than you.
He is more intelligent than anyone else in my class.
The common garden snail often receive more praise and abuse than other creatures.

6, There are countless people who, ever since their early years, have learned to associate snails with food.
countless: 无数的,数不尽的 (=numerous)
who引导定语从句
associate sth. with sth. 把某物与某物相联系

7, Acting on a sudden impulse, I collected several dozen, put them in a paper bag, and took them to Robert.
on a sudden impulse 一时的,冲动的
Acting on a sudden impulse, he went shopping to buy several dresses.
Robert was delighted to see me and equally pleased with my little gift. ==Robert was not only delighted to see me, but also pleased with my little gift.

8, I happened to be walking in my garden when I noticed a huge number of snails taking a stroll on some of my prize plants.
happened to do 恰巧,碰巧
I happened to be out when he called.
We both happened to be travelling on the same plane.
happen / chance
It happened that I was out when he called.
It chanced that I was out when he called.

9,I had forgotten all about the snails when Robert suddenly said that I must stay to dinner.
when,表示正在这时突然,通常使用过去进行时,过去完成时等搭配;位于句中
He was having a bath when the telephine suddenly rang.
We had not ... like this when ... came in.
We were about to start when it rained.
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
poison (title)
n. 毒药
illogical
adj. 不合逻辑的,无章法的
octopus
n. 章鱼
delicacy
n. 美味,佳肴
repulsive
adj. 令人反感的,令人生厌的
stomach
n. 胃
turn
v. 感到恶心,翻胃
fry
v. 油炸
fat
n. (动物,植物)油
abuse
n. 辱骂,责骂
snail
n. 蜗牛
luxury
n. 奢移品,珍品
associate
v. 联想到
despise
v. 鄙视
appeal
v. 引起兴致
shower
n. 阵雨
stroll
n. 溜达,散步
impulse
n. 冲动
dozen
n. 12个,一打
fancy
v. 喜爱,喜欢
 

五、重点难点

定语从句(三)
关系副词与关系代词的用法同理。只是关系副词代替的是原句中的状语。在被代替之前,这个状语中一定要含有一个与另一句相同的成分。
例如:This is the house。I was born and brought up in the house.在这两个句子中,in the house是句子里的地点状语,定语从句修饰的就是the house。把后面这一句变成定语从句。在将要被变成定语从句的句子中,in the house是地点状语,所以用where来代替它。然后再把where放到本句的最前面,其它的词和语序一律不变。这时,就成了"where was born and brought up"。再把这个定语从句整个放在被修饰的词后面,就成了"This is the house where I was barn and brought up.”,定语从句就完成了,主句是陈述句,所以句末用句号。Where代替的是原句中的状语,原句变成了从句,它就作从句的状语。

 

六、课后练习答案

  【Multiple choice questions】
Multiple choice questions 多项选择
  1> D
  
  2> A
  
  3> D propose vt.计划, 建议, 向...提议 vi.打算
  
  4> A
  
  5> B kinds和介词of连用 / foods各种各样的食物
  -- certain kinds of food = certain foods
  
  6> C and和or的用法:
  在肯定句中表示并列的关系用and。
  在否定句中, 两个对等的谓语、宾语、状语或从句的连接用or, 把两个成分都否定掉。
  -- He doesn’t smoke or drink.
  -- She couldn’t remember who she was or where she left. 她不知她自己是谁以及从哪来的。
  在否定句中出现了and, 表示语义的转折, 相当于but。
  -- The room is not big and comfortable. 这房子不大但很舒服。
  -- The room is not big or comfortable. 这房子不大也不舒服。
  
  7>A having left…的逻辑主语是主句的主句
  accompany vt.陪伴
  -- She accompanied me to the doctor‘s. 她陪我去看了医生。
  
  8> C saw后面省略了that
  
  9> D
  be sick 表示一种状态, feel sick表示突然的一种感觉。
  feel sick = sicken(vt.使患病, 使恶心或昏晕 vi.得病, 变厌腻)
  -- He began to feel sick as soon as the ship started to move.
  
  10> D
  meal n.一餐, 一顿饭
  dish(n.一道菜, 盘, 餐盘, 碟)= course(n.一道菜)
  
  11> B
  a couple of hours = tow hours or so 一两个小时的时间
  round the clock 昼夜不停, 连续一整天, 毫不疲倦地, 不松劲地
  
  12> B
  numerous(adj.众多的, 许多的, 无数的)= countless(adj.无数的, 数不尽的)
  -- There are numerous people waiting for you.
  numerable adj.可数的, 可计算的(= able to be counted)
  numerical adj.数字的, 用数表示的(多用作前置形容词)
  -- in numerical order 按照数字顺序 / numerical ability 使用数字的能力
  numbered adj.有限的, 时日无多的 adj.已编号的(numbered card已编号的卡)