新概念英语第三册24:A skeleton in the cupboard
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years. The English language possesses a vivid saying to describe this sort of situation. The terrible secret is called 'a skeleton in the cupboard '. At some dramatic moment in the story the terrible secret becomes known and a reputation is ruined. The reader's hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine, a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody, had, in her youth, poisoned every one of her five husbands.

It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction. To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn, but few of us have skeletons in the cupboard. The only person I know who has a skeleton in the cupboard is George Carlton, and he is very proud of the fact. George studied medicine in his youth. Instead of becoming a doctor, however, he became a successful writer of detective stories. I once spent an uncomfortable weekend which I shall never forget at his house. George showed me to the guestroom which, he said, was rarely used. He told me to unpack my things and then come down to dinner. After I had stacked my shirts and underclothes in two empty drawers, I decided to hang one of the two suits I had brought with me in the cupboard. I opened the cupboard door and then stood in front of it petrified. A skeleton was dangling before my eyes. The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me. Dropping my suit, I dashed downstairs to tell George. This was worse than 'a terrible secret'; this was a real skeleton ! But George was unsympathetic. 'Oh, that,' he said with a smile as if he were talking about an old friend. 'That's Sebastian. You forget that I was a medical student once upon a time.'
 
2.翻译
在小说中,我们经常读到一个表面上受人尊重的人物或家庭,却有着某种多年不为人所知的骇人听闻的秘密。英语中有一个生动的说法来形容这种情况。惊人的秘密称作“柜中骷髅”。在小说的某个戏剧性时刻,可怕的秘密泄漏出来,接着便是某人的声誉扫地。当读者到小说最后几页了解到书中女主人公,那位一向待大家很好的可爱的老妇人年轻时一连毒死了她的5个丈夫时,不禁会毛骨悚然。
这种事发生在小说中是无可非议的。尽管我们人人都有各种大小秘密。连最亲密的朋友都不愿让他们知道, 但我们当中极少有人有柜中骷髅。我所认识的唯一的在柜中藏骷嵝的人便是乔治.卡尔顿,他甚至引以为自豪。乔治年轻时学过医,然而,他后来没当上医生,却成了一位成功的侦探小说作家。有一次,我在他家里度周末,过得很不愉快。这事我永远不会忘记。乔治把我领进客房,说这间很少使用。他让我打开行装后下楼吃饭。我将衬衫、内衣放进两个空抽屉里,然后我想把随身带来的两套西服中的一套挂到大衣柜里去。我打开柜门,站在柜门前一下惊呆了。一具骷髅悬挂在眼前,由于柜门突然打开,它也随之轻微摇晃起来,让我觉得它好像马上要跳出柜门朝我扑过来似的。我扔下西服冲下楼去告诉乔治。这是比“骇人听闻的秘密”更加惊人的东西,这是一具真正的骷髅啊!但乔治却无动于衷。“噢,是它呀!他笑着说道,俨然在谈论一位老朋友。“那是塞巴斯蒂安。你忘了我以前是学医的了。”
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考。同学们可根据教学视频记录笔记,以便复习。)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-24.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1, We often read in novels how a seemingly respectable person or family has some terrible secret which has been concealed from strangers for years
how引导宾语从句
has some terrible secret
which 引导的定语从句,修饰说明secret
seemingly: 9=from appearence )从表面上看来,
a seemingly respectable person:表面上受尊重的人

2, At some dramatic moment in the story the terrible secret becomes known and a reputation is ruined.
ruin 泛指概念,表示毁坏的过程不是一下完成的 (spoil )
The rain ruined / spoiled our holiday.
destroy: 把凭借某种外力来破坏和摧毁事物,完全摧毁
The earthquake destroyed almost entired city.
damage: 侧重强调把…弄坏,但是可以修复

3, The reader's hair stands on end when he reads in the final pages of the novel that the heroine, a dear old lady who had always been so kind to everybody, had, in her youth, poisoned every one of her five husbands
one's hair stands on end :某人感到毛骨悚然的
I thought I was alone in my room until I heard the mysterious noice again, and my hair stands on .

4, It is all very well for such things to occur in fiction
occur: 某个事件出乎意料的发生(正式)
happen:
一个事件出乎意料发生
take place: 事件根据安排“举行”
Eg.: When did the accident happen / occur?
It occured to me that / to do.
It occured to me to open the window.
When will the wedding take place

5, To varying degrees, we all have secrets which we do not want even our closest friends to learn
learn: 了解某个事实,学习某种知识、技能
know: 知道某个事实,具有某方面的知识、技能,认识、了解某个人(状态动词,不能用于进行时态)
I learned that I had passed the test.
She knows about computers.
She is learning about computers.
instead of + doing----表示相反、没有、取而代之的是.......

6, I opened the cupboard door and then stood in front of it petrified.
stood in front of sth. petrified: 站在…前,目瞪口呆
frightened: 在某个特定的场合下,受到惊吓
terrified:表示惊吓的程度,更加强烈,感到恐怖
afraid (of ): 表示一种状态,永久性的恐惧

7, The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.
it gave me the impression that:给某人以印象
make a lasting impression on sb: 给某人以不可磨灭的印象
have a false impression of sb: 对某人有错误的看法
give sb impression that: 给某人印象
impress sb with sth 用…给某人留下印象.

8, The sudden movement of the door made it sway slightly and it gave me the impression that it was about to leap out at me.
be about to do sth.: 即将,就要。暗示动作即将发生(多与when连用)
I was about to go to bed when there was a knock at the door.
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
skeleton
n. 骷髅
seemingly
adv. 表面上地
respectable
adj. 体面的,雅观的
conceal
v. 隐藏,隐瞒
vivid
adj. 生动的
dramatic
adj. 令人激动的,扣人心弦的
ruin
v. 毁坏
heroine
n. 女主人公
fiction
n. 小说
varying
adj. 不同的
medicine
n. 医学
guestroom
n. (家庭中的)来客住房
unpack
vt. (从箱中)取出
stack
v. (整齐地)堆放,排放
underclothes
n. 内衣
drawer
n. 抽屉
petrify
v. 使惊呆
dangle
v. 悬挂
sway
v. 摇摆
unsympathetic
adj. 不表同情的,无动于衷的
medical
adj. 医学的
 

五、重点难点

定语从句(三)
定语从句又分为限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句。
限定性定语从句把它的先行词限定在特定的意义之内,对先行词起限定的作用、是先行词必不可少的修饰语,没有它,整个句子的意思就会受到影响、就不完整。
非限定性定语从句不对先行词起限定的作用,不是先行词必不可少的修饰语,只对先行词起补充说明的作用,没有它,整个句子的意思不会受到影响、仍然完整。非限定性定语从句相当于一个分句,翻译时也是把它当作分句处理的。非限定性定语从句和它的先行词之间要用逗号隔开;而限定性定语从句和它的先行词之间不能用逗号隔开。非限定性定语从句中除了不用 that以外,其它关系词都可使用,使用方法与限定性定语从句一样
例如:The supermarket which was opened two months ago is now closed down
两个月前开的那家超市现在已经倒闭了。(限定)

 

六、课后练习答案

  【Multiple choice questions】
  1>A in what respect 在什么方面 (rarely adv.很少地, 罕有地)
  fact指代柜子中真正有骷髅这件事
  concerning prep.关于,有关
  -- I spoke to him concerning his behavior. 我和他谈了他的行为。

  2>C Underwear n.内衣裤
  
  3>A
  
  4>A having为现在分词做定语
  C选项中的whom应该为who
  
  5>C 运用动词不定式修饰名词。(起定语从句的作用)
  这样的名词前都有序数词:the first person, the only person, the last person
  
  6>B something 有价值的事, 有意义的事(代词:有价值或重要的人或物)
  what = all 全部(范围太广)
  
  7>A no sooner…than…
  
  8>B
  
  9>D owe vt.欠(债等) vi.欠钱
  has = own(vt.拥有adj.自己的)
  
  10>A
  little 否定语义的副词
  uncommonly adv.不平常的, 不平凡的, 罕见地
  preciously adv.宝贵的, 贵重的
  11>D
  item n.项目, 条款, 物品
  object n.物体, 目标, 宾语, 对象
  trunk n.树干, 躯干, 箱子, 象鼻
  belongings n.财产, 所有物 = possession n.(私人)财产(常用复数)
  
  12>A
  be about to do… = be on the point of… 即将、即可做某事
  be concerned with 对…关心, 与...有关, 牵涉到, 参与
  think of v.考虑, 关心, 想起