One of the most famous sailing ships of the nineteenth century, the Cutty Sark, can still be seen at Greewich. She stands on dry land and is visited by thousands of people each year. She serves as an impressive reminder of the great ships of past. Before they were replaced by steamships, sailing vessels like the Cutty Sark were used to carry tea from China and wool from Australia. The Cutty Sark was one the fastest sailing ships that has ever been built. The only other ship to match her was the Thermopylae. Both these ships set out from Shanghai on June 18th, 1872 on an exciting race to England. This race, which went on for exactly four exactly four months, was the last of its kind. It marked the end of the great tradition of ships with sails and the beginning of a new era.
The first of the two ships to reach Java after the race had begun was the Thermopylae, but on the Indian Ocean, the Cutty Sark took lead. It seemed certain that she would be the first ship home, but during the race she had a lot of bad luck. In August, she was struck by a very heavy storm during which her rudder was torn away. The Cutty Sark rolled from side to side and it became impossible to steer her. A temporary rudder was made on board from spare planks and it was fitted with great difficulty. This greatly reduced the speed of the ship, for there was a danger that if she traveled too quickly, this rudder would be torn away as well. Because of this, the Cutty Sark lost her lead. After crossing the Equator, the captain called in at a port to have a new rudder fitted, but by now the Thermopylae was over five hundred miles ahead. Though the new rudder was fitted at tremendous speed, it was impossible for the Cutty Sark to win. She arrived in England a week after the Thermopylae. Even this was remarkable, considering that she had had so many delays. These is no doubt that if she had not lost her rudder she would have won the race easily.
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1, One of the most famous sailing ships of the nineteenth century
one of the most famous ...最著名的......之一.
2, She serves as an impressive reminder of the great ships of the past.
serve as:(=act as )“起…作用”
impressive reminder :深刻的印象，作为......的回忆
3， The only other ship to match her was the Thermopylae
match:( = be equal to )与......相匹敌，相比
match in / for.
4, The only other ship to match her was the Thermopylae.
动词不定式to作定语，修饰the only other ship
5, It marked the end of the great tradition of ships with sails and the beginning of a new era.
marked the end of : 标志…的结束.
6, The first of the two ships to reach Java after the race had begun was the Thermopylae, but on the Indian Ocean, the Cutty Sark took the lead.
take the lead: 处于领先地位== go into the lead
lose the lead: 失去领先地位
in the lead: 处于领先地位（状态）
take over the lead: 取得领先地位
7, In August, she was struck by a very heavy storm during which her rudder was torn away.
...was struck by a very heavy storm... 严重地遇到了雨／雪
be caught in the rian/snow 遇到了雨／雪
during 介词，用于关系代词which 之前，during the race, during the storm.
8, After crossing the equator, the captain called in at a port to have a new rudder fitted, but by now the Thermopylae was over five hundred miles ahead.
all in at: （船）停靠，（人）拜访
to = in order to, so as to “目的是”
9, Even this was remarkable, considering that she had had so many delays
So we should forgive him considering that he is ill badly.
10, There is no doubt that if she had not lost her rudder she would have won the race easily.
There is no doubt that...==without any doubt “毫无疑问“
There is some doubt + wh- ...
Eg.: There is no doubt that he is guilty.
There is some doubt whether he is guilty.
（二册L71 P320）：If the Houses of Parliament had not been burned down in 1834, the great clock would never have been erected.
If you talked less and ate more, we would both enjoy our dinner. (二册：L40 P182).
学地道的英语有两个重要的练习方法：parallel writing, and reverse translation，即平行写作和逆翻译。所谓平行写作，就是模仿英语的句子写类似的句子。而逆翻译就是先把英语译成汉语，或根据汉语的译文，再把汉语翻译成英语，再把英语译文同原文比较，分析差异。这两种方法能避免汉语式英语。
He did well in the physics exam, which surprised me.
请把这句话逆翻译。有的同学会翻译为：He did well in the physics exam, this surprised me. 这句话错在什么地方呢？错在句法。这句话有两个主谓结构，是两个并列的分句，但没有连词（this 是代词），这就成了串句。
【Multiple choice questions】
1>C fame n.名声, 名望
rest upon = rest on 倚靠, 依据, 根据, 把…靠在,
likeness n.相象, 相似物
a line of stones 一排石头 / a line of argument 一连串的辩论
victory n.胜利, 战胜,
landmark n.里程碑, 划时代的事, (航海)陆标, 地界标
celebrate v.庆祝, 祝贺, 表扬, 赞美
en route adv.在途中
feat n.功绩 n.技艺, 武艺, 壮举, 技艺表演
gap n.差距 n.缺口, 裂口, 间隙, 缝隙, , 隔阂
make up v.弥补
-- The lion is a wild animal. 狮子是一种野生动物。
-- The cow is a useful animal. 奶牛是有用的动物。
-- Let‘s go to a Chinese restaurant. 我们去一家中餐餐馆。
-- We saw a good film on TV last night. 昨天晚上我们在电视中看到了一个好片子。
-- A square has four sides. 正方形有四条边。
-- A dog is an animal. 狗是动物。
6>D would和be going to不能重复使用
-- The beautiful scenery attracts me.
appeal to 引起兴趣
-- The topic of the conversation never appeals to me.
set out 出发
set out on 出发去做某事
set out on the trip/journey/excursion 出发去旅行
depart vi.离开, 起程
depart for 起程去某地
take the lead = go into the lead
considering prep.鉴于, 考虑到, 顾及
in respect of 关于, 就…来说 = with regard to 关于
according to prep.依据, 按照
in view of 鉴于, 考虑到（= considering）