新概念英语第三册27:Nothing to sell and nothing
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
It has been said that everyone lives by selling something. In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge, philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort. Though it may be possible to measure the value of material good in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us. There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a high fee for offering us precisely this service. The conditions of society are such that skills have to be paid for in the same way that goods are paid for at a shop. Everyone has something to sell.
Tramps seem to be the only exception to this general rule. Beggars almost sell themselves as human being to arouse the pity of passers-by. But real tramps are not beggars. They have nothing to sell and require nothing from others. In seeking independence, they do not sacrifice their human dignity. A tramp may ask you for money, but he will never ask you to feel sorry for him. He has deliberately chosen to lead the life he leads and is fully aware of the consequences. He may never be sure where the next meal is coming from, but his is free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people. His few material possessions make it possible for him to move from place to place with ease. By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature than most of us ever do. He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even, in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom. We often speak of my even, in times of real need, do a little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom. We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom from care?
 
2.翻译
据说每个人都靠出售某种东西来维持生活。根据这种说法,教师靠卖知识为生,哲学家靠卖智慧为生,牧师靠卖精神安慰为生。虽然物质产品的价值可以用金钱来衡量,但要估算别人为我们为所提供的服务的价值却是极其困难的。有时,我们为了挽救生命,愿意付出我们所占有的一切。但就在外科大夫给我们提供了这种服务后,我们却可能为所支付的昂贵的费用而抱怨。社会上的情况就是如此,技术是必须付钱去买的,就像在商店里要花钱买商品一样。人人都有东西可以出售。
在这条普遍的规律前面,好像只有流浪汉是个例外,乞丐出售的几乎是他本人,以引起过路人的怜悯。但真正的流浪并不是乞丐。他们既不出售任何东西,也不需要从别人那儿得到任何东西,在追求独立自由的同时,他们并不牺牲为人的尊严。游浪汉可能会向你讨钱,但他从来不要你可怜他。他是故意在选择过那种生活的,并完全清楚以这种方式生活的后果。他可能从不知道下顿饭有无着落,但他不像有人那样被千万桩愁事所折磨。他几乎没有什么财产,这使他能够轻松自如地在各地奔波。由于被迫在露天睡觉,他比我们中许多人都离大自然近得多。为了生存,他可能会去打猎、乞讨,偶尔偷上一两回;确实需要的时候,他甚至可能干一点儿活,但他决不会牺牲自由。说起流浪汉,我们常常带有轻蔑并把他们与乞丐归为一类。但是,我们中有多少人能够坦率地说我们对流浪汉的简朴生活与无忧无虑的境况不感到有些羡慕呢?
 

二、学习视频

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1, It has been said that everyone lives by selling something.

It has been said that = it is said that据说

2, It has been said that everyone lives by selling something.

live by: to make enough money to feed oneself:依靠某种职业为生

live on 依靠某种食物维持生命,或靠某人生活

3,In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge, philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort.

in the light of= according to, taking into account 根据,考虑到

in accordance with: 依据(法律) (更加正式)

4, Though it may be possible to measure the value of material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us.

in terms of: 按照,就……而言,关于

in respect of

in / with regard to, as regards

5, There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives,

there are times when 有时

6, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a high fee for offering us precisely this service.

grudge后面要和名词或动名词搭配

I grudge wasting time on this.

7, but he will never sacrifice his freedom We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as beggars,

with 和名词搭配,表示“具有,带有”

Eg.: How many of us can honestly say that we would like to learn Englsh well?

8, In seeking independence, they do not sacrifice their human dignity.

In seeking independence

in + 动名词搭配,表示“在……的过程中”

In speeking to him, I found he is stammers.

Eg.: in seeking independence

on + 动名词搭配,表示“一……就……”, 必须注意主语的一致性。

Eg.: On seeing the plane coming towards me, I ……

In crossing the hall, I ...

On entering the hall, I...

9, but he is free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people.

be free from 不受……的影响

He’s leading a life free from care and anxieties.

The old lady is never free from paining.这位老太太始终病痛缠身。

free from error

free from anxieties.
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
philosopher
n. 哲学家
wisdom
n. 智慧
priest
n. 牧师
spiritual
adj. 精神上的
grudge
v. 不愿给,舍不得给
surgeon
n. 外科大夫
passer-by
n. 过路人(复数 passers-by)
dignity
n. 尊严
deliberately
adv. 故意地
consequence
n. 后果,结果
afflict
v. 使苦恼,折磨
ease
n. 容易
nature
n. 大自然
contempt
n. 蔑视的
envious
adj. 嫉妒的
 

五、重点难点

定语从句(六)

2.指物的关系代词which和that的用法:

(1)作主语

This is the instruction manual which/that tells you how to operate the computer.

这是那本教你如何操作计算机的说明手册。

(2)作宾语包括作介词宾馆。此种情况下的关系代词可以省略:

The chair (which /that) you broke yesterday is now being repaired.

你昨天弄坏的那把椅子现在正在修理。

The film (which/that) I saw last night was about a soldier who fought in WWII.

我昨天晚上看的那部电影是关于一个在二战中打过仗的士兵的。
 

六、课后练习答案

  【Multiple choice questions】
  1>A circumstance n.环境, 详情, 境况
  
  2>D criminal n.罪犯, 犯罪者 adj.犯罪的, 犯法的, 罪恶的
  compensate v.偿还, 补偿
  inconvenience n.麻烦, 不方便之处
  
  3>B in moments of truth = truly
  undignified adj.无尊严的
  compare v.比较, 相比, 比喻 n.比较
  burden v.负担 n.担子, 负担
  livelihood n.生计, 谋生
  
  4>B
  
  5>B a中的have to用的不恰当
  对两者的否定 
  Neither…nor…
  Nothing…nor…
  Nor位于句首, 倒装。
  
  6>B
  
  7>D contemptuously adv.轻蔑地
  speak of 谈及, 说到
  speak for 代表...讲话, 为…辩护
  speak on 就…而发言
  speak to 与…谈话, 向...说
  
  8>C
  9>C
  financial adj.财政的, 金融的
  insure vt.给...保险 v.确保
  sickness n.患病, 疾病, 不适, 恶心
  
  10>
  from place to place 从一个地方到另一个地方; 各地, 到处
  = here and there 各处, 到处
  one way or another 无论如何, 某种方法
  in every sense 在各种意义上
  -- He is a cheat in every sense.(cheat n.欺骗, 骗子)
  
  11>B to survive = keep himself alive
  
  12>C
  look down upon/on 蔑视, 瞧不起
  convict vt.(常与of连用)证明有…罪;宣判有…罪
  -- He was convicted of murder. 他被判犯有谋杀罪。
  Blame vt.(常与for连用)责备, 谴责 n.过失, 责备
  -- She blamed me for the accident.
  Condemn vt.判刑, 处刑(常与to连用)判以死刑或无期徒刑
  be condemned to death 被判死刑
  -- The prisoner was condemned to death.