新概念英语第三册29:Funny or not?
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Whether we find a joke funny or not largely depends on were we have been brought up. The sense of humour is mysteriously bound up with national characteristics. A Frenchman, for instance, might find it hard to laugh at a Russian joke. In the same way, a Russian might fail to see anything amusing in a joke which would make an Englishman laugh to tears.
Most funny stories are based on comic situations. In spite of national differences, certain funny situations have a universal appeal. No matter where you live, you would find it difficult not to laugh at, say, Charlie Chaplin's early films. However, a new type of humour, which stems largely from the U.S., has recently come into fashion. It is called 'sick humour'. Comedians base their jokes on tragic situation like violent death or serious accidents. Many people find this sort of joke distasteful The following example of 'sick humour' will enable you to judge for yourself.
A man who had broken his right leg was taken to hospital a few weeks before Christmas. From the moment he arrived there, he kept on pestering his doctor to tell him when he would be able to go home. He dreaded having to spend Christmas in hospital. Though the doctors did his best, the patient's recovery was slow. On Christmas Day, the man still had his right leg in plaster. He spent a miserable day in bed thinking of all the fun he was missing. The following day, however, the doctor consoled him by telling him that his chances of being able to leave hospital in time for New Year celebrations were good. The good. The man took heart and, sure enough, on New Years' Eve he was able to hobble along to a party. To compensate for his unpleasant experiences in hospital, the man drank a little more than was good for him. In the process, he enjoyed himself thoroughly and kept telling everybody how much he hated hospitals. He was still mumbling something about hospitals at the end of the party when he slipped on a piece of ice and broke his left leg.
 
2.翻译
我们觉得一则笑话是否好笑,很大程度取决于我们是在哪儿长大的。幽默感与民族有着神秘莫测的联系。譬如,法国人听完一则俄国笑话可能很难发笑。同样的道理,一则可以令英国人笑出泪来的笑话,俄国人听了可能觉得没有什么可笑之处。
大部分令人发笑的故事都是根据喜剧情节编写的。尽管民族不同,有些滑稽的情节却能产生普遍的效果。比如说,不管你生活在哪里,你看查理.卓别林的早期电影很难不发笑。然而,近来一种新式幽默流行了起来,这种幽默主要来自美国。它被叫作“病态幽默”。喜剧演员根据悲剧情节诸如暴死,重大事故等来编造笑话。许多人认为这种笑话是低级庸俗的。下面是个“病态幽默”的实例,你可据此自己作出判断。
圣诞节前几周,某人摔断了右腿被送进医院。从他进医院那一刻时,他就缠住医生,让医生告诉他什么时候能回家。他十分害怕在医院过圣诞。尽管医生竭力医治,但病人恢复缓慢。圣诞节那天,他的右腿还上着石膏,他在床上郁郁不乐地躺了一天,想着他错过的种种欢乐。然而,第二天,医生安慰他说,出院欢度新年的可能性还是很大的,那人听后振作了精神。果然,除夕时他可以一瘸一拐地去参加晚会了。为了补偿住院这一段不愉快的经历,那人喝得稍许多了一点。在晚会上他尽情娱乐,一再告诉大家他是多么讨厌医院。晚会结束时,他嘴里还在嘟哝着医院的事,突然踩到一块冰上滑倒了,摔断了左腿。
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由本站整理分享,仅供参考。同学们可根据教学视频记录笔记,以便复习。)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-29.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请从PC上浏览)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1, Most funny stories are based on comic situations.

be based on:以......作为基础

It was difficult not to be tempted

Stem from, come from, arise from, originate from

His feeling of hate stems from envy

Her interest in flowers stemed from her childhood in the country

come into fashion 开始流行

come into being 开始形成

come into power 开始执政

2, In the process, he enjoyed himself thoroughly and kept telling everybody how much he hated hospitals.

keep doing sth. 不间断的,不停的做某事

keep on doing sth. 反复、重复干某事(中间可以有短暂的暂停) (keep: vi.)

Don't keep on asking silly questions.

He kept smoking all the while.

He kept on smoking all the while.

keep +宾语+动词ing形式,keep on 不能用于该句型

He kept me waiting for an hour.

I'm sorry to have kept you waiting so long.

3,He spent a miserable day in bed thinking of all the fun he was missing.

think of:想到,想起,想着

When I saw you I thought of my sister.

think of doing sth.

He is thinking of setting up a school.

4, The following day, however, the doctor consoled him by telling him that his chances of being able to leave hospital in time for New Year celebrations were good.

by 通过某种方式手段

dread to do = dread doing

a miserable day: a terrible day

think of:想到,想起,想着

When I saw you I thought of my sister.

think of doing sth.

He is thinking of setting up a school.

spend time doing sth.

by:通过某种方式手段

I arrived here by train.

在表达可能性这个语句的时候,经常采用复数形式

5, His chances of being dismissed are good.

his chances of doing sth. are good. / remote 做......可能性极大/极小

6, In the process, he enjoyed himself thoroughly and kept telling everybody how much he hated hospitals.

how much ----to what extent

How much can I trust him?

7, In the process, he enjoyed himself thoroughly and kept telling everybody how much he hated hospitals.

keep telling ==keep on telling
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
largely
adv. 在很大程度上
comic
adj. 喜剧的,可笑的
universal
adj. 普通的
comedian
n. 滑稽演员,喜剧演员
distasteful
adj. 讨厌的
pester
v. 一再要求,纠缠
dread
v. 惧怕
recovery
n. 康复
plaster
n. 熟石膏
console
v. 安慰,慰问
hobble
v. 瘸着腿走
compensate
v. 补偿
mumble
v. 喃喃而语
 

五、重点难点

定语从句(八)

6.非限定性定语从句不用that,只用who(whose, whom)和which代表人和物;

例:Her brothers, both of whom work in America, ring her up every week。

她的兄弟们??两个人都在美国工作??每个星期都给她打电话。

The buses, most of which were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd,

那些公共汽车??大多已经坐满了人??被一群愤怒的人围着。

 

六、课后练习答案

  【Multiple choice questions】
  1>C the funny side of… …可笑方面的
  fundamentally adv.基础地, 根本地
  be related to… 与…有关系
  
  2>B
  
  3>A
  point n.要点
  taken 过去分词做后置定语
  illustrate vt.阐明
  
  4>A The French 法国人的总称
  a French应改为a Frenchman(任意一个法国人)
  a man in France 一个在法国的人
  
  5>A
  most adj.最多的, 多数的, 大部分的
  adv.最, 最多, 很, 十分, 最, 最大的, 其中大多数, 极其
  n.大多数, 大部分
  -- most student
  -- most of the student
  majority n.(常与of连用)多数;半数以上
  the majority of… 大多数…
  -- The majority of children in our class have brown eyes. 我们班大多数孩子是棕色眼睛。
  Mostly adv.主要地, 大部分, 通常
  
  6>A
  who had the right leg à who had had the right leg(应该用过去完成时)
     7>B no sooner…than…
  
  8>C by drinking
  By通过某种手段 (是重点, 在损坏的部分)
  9>D do one‘s best = try one‘s best 尽全力
  
  10>D console = comfort vt.安慰, 藉慰
  
  11>C how much = to what extend
  at length(adv.最后, 详细地)= in detail(adv.详细地)
  to one‘s cost 付出了代价才..., 吃亏后才...
  -- Wasp’s stings are serious, as I know to my cost.
  -- Wasp(n.黄蜂) Sting(n.刺, 刺痛, 针刺)
  
  12>B
  in the same way adv.同样地
  to the same effect 以相同的意思