新概念英语第三册30:The death of a ghost
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
For years, villagers believed that Endley Farm was hunted. The farm was owned by two brothers, Joe and Bob Cox. They employed a few farmhands, but no one was willing to work there long. Every time a worker gave up his job, he told the same story. Farm labourers said that they always woke up to find that work had been done overnight. Hay had been cut and cowsheds had been cleaned. A farm worker, who stayed up all night claimed to have seen a figure cutting corn in the moonlight. In time, it became an accepted fact the Cox brothers employed a conscientious ghost that did most of their work for them.
No one suspected that there might be someone else on the farm who had never been seen. This was indeed the case. A short time ago, villagers were astonished to learn that the ghost of Endley had died. Everyone went to the funeral, for the 'ghost' was none other than Eric Cox, a third brother who was supposed to have died as a young man. After the funeral, Joe and Bob revealed a secret which they had kept for over fifty years.
Eric had been the eldest son of the family, very much older than his two brothers. He had been obliged to join the army during the Second World War. As he hated army life, he decided to desert his regiment. When he learnt that he would be sent abroad, he returned to the farm and his father hid him until the end of the war. Fearing the authorities, Eric remained in hiding after the war as well. His father told everybody that Eric had been killed in action. The only other people who knew the secret were Joe and Bob. They did not even tell their wives. When their father died, they thought it their duty to keep Eric in hiding. All these years, Eric had lived as a recluse. He used to sleep during the day and work at night, quite unaware of the fact that he had become the ghost of Endley. When he died, however, his brothers found it impossible to keep the secret any longer.
 
2.翻译
多年来,村民们一直认为恩得利农场在闹鬼。恩得利农场属于乔.考科斯和鲍勃.考科斯兄弟俩所有。他们雇了几个农工,但谁也不愿意在那儿长期工作下去。每次雇工辞职后都叙述着同样的故事。雇工们说,常常一早起来发现有人在夜里把活干了,干草已切好,牛棚也打扫干净了。有一个彻夜未眠的雇工还声称他看见一个人影在月光下收割庄稼。随着时间的流逝,考科斯兄弟雇了一个尽心尽责的鬼,他们家的活大部分都让鬼给干了,这件事成了公认的事实。
谁也没想到农场竟会有一个从未露面的人。但事实上确有此人。不久之前,村民们惊悉恩得利农场的鬼死了。大家都去参加了葬礼,因为那“鬼”不是别人,正是农场主的兄弟埃里克.考科斯。人们以为埃里克年轻时就死了。葬礼之后,乔和鲍勃透露了他们保守了长达50多年的秘密。
埃里克是这家长子。年龄比他两个弟弟大很多,第二次世界大战期间被迫参军。他讨厌军旅生活,决定逃离所在部队。当他了解自己将被派遣出国时,他逃回农场,父亲把他藏了起来,直到战争结束。由于害怕当局,埃里克战后继续深藏不露。他的父亲告诉大家,埃里克在战争中被打死了。除此之外,只有乔与鲍知道这个秘密。但他俩连自己的妻子都没告诉。父亲死后,他们兄弟俩认为有责任继续把埃里克藏起来。这些年来,埃里克过着隐士生活,白天睡觉,夜里出来干活,一点不知道自己已成了恩得利家场的活鬼。他死后,他的弟弟们才觉得无法再保守这个秘密了。
 

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1、True eccentrics never deliberately set out to draw attention to themselves.
deliberately: on purpose
set out to do=set about doing=start doing/to do sth.
draw/capture/attract/hold/catch/arrest/receive attention to ...:吸引对...的注意

2、They disregard social conventions without being conscious that they are doing anything extraordinary.
该句型建议背诵

Ex:

He made a mistake without being conscious of the fact.

3、This invariably wins them the love and respect of others, for they add colour to the dull routine of everyday life.
invariably:=always
win sb sth:赢某人某物
Ex:
Her fine character quickly won her the friendship of her colleagues.
add colour to ...:为增加...色彩
Ex:
Eccentric add colour to our dull life.

4、Up to the time of his death, Richard Colson was one of the most notable figures in our town.
up to the time of his death: before he died完成时的标志,这里之所以没有用现在或过去完成时,主要是突出一个客观事实
notable: famous

5、He was a shrewd and wealthy businessman, but most people in the town hardly knew anything about this side of his life.
this side of his life:生活中的这一个方面(这里指的是He was a shrewd and wealthy businessman)

6、He was known to us all as Dickie and his eccentricity had become legendary long before he died.
be known to sb.:众所周知
long before he died:在他去世前很久

7、Though he owed a large car, he hardly ever used it, prefering always to go on foot.
prefering:现在分词做伴随状语
hardly: rarely

8、One day, he walked into an expensive shop after having been caught in a particularly heavy shower.
be caught in:突然遇到/碰上
Ex:
be caught in a heavy shower
be caught in a heavy snow
be caught in a heavy storm

9、He wanted to buy a $300 watch for his wife, but he was in such a bedraggled condition that an assistant refused to serve him.
in such a condition/state:处于一种状态
bedraggled condition:拖泥带水的状态
such...that.. ... ...:如此...以至于...

10、The assistant asked him to leave, but Dickie paid no attention to him and requested to see the manager.
pay no attention to him= ignore him=take no notice of him=turn a deaf ear to him= refuse to listen to him
request:求见(正式,礼貌,语气强烈)

Ex:
I requested the headmaster.

11、Recognizing who the customer was, the manager was most apologetic and reprimanded the assistant severely.
recognizing:由于经理认出这个顾客是谁了,便竭力陪礼道歉......。这句话用现在分词短语作原因状语
most=very much

12、When Dickie was given the watch, he presented the assistant with the cloth bag.
hand sb sth /hand sth to sb:把...递给...
present sb with sth / present sth to sb :把...交给...人(比较正式 )

13、He insisted on the assistant's counting the money before he left -- 30,000 pennies in all!
insist on doing/insist that + should do:坚决要求
Ex:
He insisted that the shop assistant should count the money before he left.

14、It took him four years to stage this elaborate joke simply to prove that critics do not always know what they are talking about.
simply to prove=only to prove
don't always know what they are taking about= don't always talk sense= always talk nonsense
Ex:
talk nonsense:胡说八道
talk sense:说正经话
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
labourer
n. 劳动者
overnight
adv. 一夜期间
hay
n. 干草
corn
n. 谷物
moonlight
n. 月光
conscientious
adj. 认真的
suspect
v. 怀疑
desert
v. (军队中)开小差
regiment
n. (军队)团
action
n. 战斗
recluse
n. 隐士
 

五、课后练习答案

  1>D
  It never occurred to them that… 他们从来没有想到过… 
  
  2>A
  penalty(n.处罚, 罚款)= punishment(n.惩罚, 处罚, 惩处)
  desertion n.丢掉, 遗弃, 逃亡, 开小差
  
  3>D
  outbreak n.(战争的)爆发, (疾病的)发作
  bury vt.埋葬, 掩埋, 隐藏
  
  4>B 5>C
  
  6>B army life = life in the army 军队生活
  school life = life in the school 学校生活
  
  7>A 8>A
  
  9>C with time 随着时间的推移
  at the time 当时, 在那个时候
  on time adv.准时
  at times adv.有时, 不时
  
  10>B
  recruit vt. vi.招募(新兵)
  -- to recruit new police officers 招募新的警官
  吸收(新成员)
  -- to recruit some new members 吸收新成员
  con脚本 n.被征入伍的士兵 vt.征募, 征兵, 征召(美语用draft)
  -- He was con脚本 into the army.
  Regiment n.团, 大群 v.把...编组, 把...编成团, 管辖
  Regiment n.〈军〉团
  -- The regiment was ordered to the front. 这个团被调往前线。
  (常与of连用)大群;大量
  -- a regiment of ducks 一大群鸭子
  Regiment vt.管辖, 严格控制
  -- Modern children don‘t like being regimented. 现代的儿童不喜欢受严格的控制。
  
  11>D hermit n.隐士, 隐居者
  
  12>A
  realizing = become aware of
  never realizing = quite unaware of