新概念英语第三册33:A Day to Remember
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong. A day may begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to get out of control. What invariably happens is that a great number of things choose to go wrong at precisely the same moment. It is as if a single unimportant event set up a chain of reactions. Let us suppose that you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same time. The telephone rings and this marks the prelude to an unforeseen series of catastrophes. While you are on the phone, the baby pulls the tablecloth off the table, smashing half your best crockery and cutting himself in the process. You hang up hurriedly and attend to baby, crockery, etc. Meanwhile, the meal gets burnt. As if this were not enough to reduce you to tears, your husband arrives, unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner.
Things can go wrong on a big scale, as a number of people recently discovered in Parramatta, a suburb of Sydney. During the rush hour one evening two cars collided and both drivers began to argue. The woman immediately behind the two cars happened to be a learner. She suddenly got into a panic and stopped her car. This made the driver following her brake hard. His wife was sitting beside him holding a large cake. As she was thrown forward, the cake went right through the windscreen and landed on the road. Seeing a cake flying through the air, a lorry driver who was drawing up alongside the car, pulled up all of a sudden. The lorry was loaded with empty beer bottles and hundreds of them slid off the back of the vehicle and on to the road. This led to yet another angry argument. Meanwhile, the traffic piled up behind. It took the police nearly an hour to get the traffic on the move again. In the meantime, the lorry driver had to sweep up hundreds of broken bottles. Only two stray dogs benefited from all this confusion, for they greedily devoured what was left of the cake. It was just one of those days!
 
2.翻译
我们大家都有过事事不顺心的日子。一天开始时,可能还不错,但突然间似乎一切都失去了控制。情况经常是这样的,许许多多的事情都偏偏赶在同一时刻出问题,好像是一件无关紧要的小事引起了一连串的连锁反应。假设你在做饭,同时又在照看孩子。这时电话铃响了。它预示着一连串意想不到的灾难的来临。就在你接电话时,孩子把桌布从桌子上扯下来,将家中最好的陶瓷餐具半数摔碎,同时也弄伤了他自己。你急急忙忙挂上电话,赶去照看孩子和餐具。这时,饭又烧糊了。好像这一切还不足以使你急得掉泪,你的丈夫接着回来了,事先没打招呼就带来3个客人吃饭。
就像许多人最近在悉尼郊区帕拉马塔发现的那样,有时乱子会闹得很大。一天傍晚交通最拥挤时,一辆汽车撞上前面一辆汽车,两个司机争吵起来。紧跟其后的一辆车上的司机碰巧是个初学者,她一惊之下突然把车停了下来。她这一停使得跟在后头的司机也来个急刹车。司机妻子正坐在他身边,手里托着块大蛋糕。她往前一冲,蛋糕从挡风玻璃飞了出去掉到马路上。此时,一辆卡车正好从后边开到那辆汽车边上,司机看见一块蛋糕从天而降,紧急刹车。卡车上装着空啤酒瓶。成百只瓶子顺势从卡车后面滑出车外落在马路上。这又引起一场唇枪舌剑的争吵。与此同时,后面的车辆排成了长龙,警察花了将近一个小时才使车辆又开起来。在这段时间里,卡车司机不得不清扫那几百只破瓶子。只有两只野狗从这一片混乱中得到好处,它们贪婪地吃掉了剩下的蛋糕。这就是事事不顺心的那么一天!
 

二、学习视频

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1、We have all experienced days when everything goes wrong .
when引导的定语从句修饰days

2、A day may begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to get out of control.
everything seems to get out of control = everything seems to be uncontrollable / beyond control

3、What invariably happens is that a great number of things choose to go wrong at precisely the same moment.
what引导的主语从句
invariably = always
precisely = exactly

4、It is as if a single unimportant event set up a chain of reactions.
"似乎看起来"的表达
it is/ seems / looks as if
Ex

What set up the accident / trouble?(set up = cause)
set up a world record(set up = create)

5、Let us suppose that you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same time.
keep an eye on the baby:照料孩子(keep an eye on = look after = take care of)
相关词组
keep one's eyes open 睁大眼睛
have an eye to (注意后面一定跟介词to搭配)
keep an eye to the baby = keep one's eyes on the baby
eye for eye:以牙还牙
have eyes only for 只要,只爱
look sb. in the eyes两眼直视某人
eye to eye with sb.与某人看法完全一致
turn a blind eye to sth.对...视而不见
make eyes at sb.含情脉脉地看着某人

6、While you are on the phone, the baby pulls the table-cloth off the table, smashing half your best crockery and cutting himself in the process.
on the phone = answer the phone
in the process:在这个过程中
相关off词组
pull off 拉下来
pick off 取下来
knock off 碰落下来
smash half摔成两半

7、You hang up hurriedly and attend to baby, crockery, etc.
hang up = put on the receiver 挂断电话
attend to = look after = deal with 照顾,处理
Ex
Please attend to my baby.
Excuse me, I have something urgent to attend to.

8、As if this were not enough to reduce you to tears, your husband arrives, unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner.
注意该句虚拟语气用法
reduce you to tears 迫使你流下眼泪
Ex
You almost reduce me to tears.
His comforting words almost reduced his wife to tears.
His answer almost reduced me to silence.
The bomb reduced to the city to ruins.

9、Things can go wrong on a big scale as a number of people recently discovered in Parramatta,a suburb of Sydney.
on a big scale = to a great degree = to great extent
as引导非限定性定语从句

Tips
1)as,which都可以引导非限定性定语从句,但as重点突出整个句子的含义,而which有可能指代主句当中某个词的含义,也有可能指代整个句子的含义。
2)As引导非限定性定语从句,可以用于主句之前,as和主句之间要有一个逗号分隔开来。
eg: As we expected, John was admitted to the university. John
3)As引导非限定性定语从句,也可以用在主句之后,这时就相当于which
eg:
She married him, which was unexpected.
She married him as was unexpected.
但在as所引导的非限定性定语从句中,如果运用的是被动语态结构,被动词可以省略。
eg:
She married him as unexpected. (was省略)
The material is elastic as shown in the figure.
(在这种情况下,shown之前省略了谓语动词,这时就不能把as换成which . 如果要用which则要补上谓语动词)
The material is elastic, which is shown in the figure.

10、The woman immediately behind the two cars happened to be a learner.
= it happened that the woman behind the two cars was a learner.
happen to:碰巧
Ex
I happen to hear the news .
It happened that I heard about it the day before yesterday.

11、This made the driver following her brake hard.
Following现在分词做定语修饰driver

12、Seeing a cake flying through the air, a lorry-driver who was drawing up alongside the car,pulled up all of a sudden.
draw up = pull up 停车
all of sudden = suddenly

13、The lorry was loaded with empty beer bottles and hundreds of them slid off the back of the vehicle and on to the road.
was loaded with = was filled with
vehicle这里指的是truck lorry

14、It took the police nearly an hour to get the traffic on the move again.
get the traffic on the move 使得车辆开动起来
介词on和名词搭配表示处于某种状态或者某种动作正在进行之中
on the move = move from place to place on 在移动之中
on the rise
on the boil
on the go
on the watch
on the turn
on the run
on the fly
on the increase
on the decrease
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
prelude
n. 序幕,前奏
unforeseen
adj. 意料之外的
series
n. 系列
catastrophe
n. 大祸,灾难
crockery
n. 陶器,瓦器
suburb
n. 郊区
collide
v. 猛撞
learner
n. 初学者
panic
n. 惊慌,恐慌
windscreen
n. (汽车的)挡风玻璃
alongside
prep.在……的旁边,与……并排
slide (slid, slid)
v. 滑
stray
adj. 迷失的,离群的
confusion
n. 混乱
greedily
adv. 贪婪地
devour
v. 狼吞虎咽地吃

 

五、课后练习答案

1c 2b 3a 4b 5d 6a 7a 8c 9c 10b 11a 12d