新概念英语第三册34:A happy discovery
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Antique shops exert a peculiar fascination on a great many people. The more expensive kind of antique shop where rare objects are beautifully displayed in glass cases to keep them free from dust is usually a forbidding place. But no one has to muster up courage to enter a less pretentious antique shop. There is always hope that in its labyrinth of musty, dark, disordered rooms a real rarity will be found amongst the piles of assorted junk that little the floors.
No one discovers a rarity by chance. A truly dedicated bargain hunter must have patience, and above all, the ability to recognize the worth of something when he sees it. To do this, he must be at least as knowledgeable as the dealer. Like a scientist bent on making a discovery, he must cherish the hope that one day he will be amply rewarded.
My old friend, Frank Halliday, is just such a person. He has often described to me how he picked up a masterpiece for a mere $50. One Saturday morning, Frank visited an antique shop in my neighbourhood. As he had never been there before, he found a great deal to interest him. The morning passed rapidly and Frank was about to leave when he noticed a large packing case lying on the floor. The morning passed rapidly and Frank just come in, but that he could not be bothered to open it. Frank begged him to do so and the dealer reluctantly prised it open. The contents were disappointing. Apart from an interesting-looking carved dagger, the box was full of crockery, much of it broken. Frank gently lifted the crockery out of the box an suddenly noticed a miniature painting at the bottom of the packing case. As its composition and line reminded him of an Italian painting he knew well, he decided to buy it. Glancing at it briefly, the dealer told him that it was worth $50. Frank could hardly conceal his excitement, for he knew that he had made a real discovery. The tiny painting proved to be an unknown masterpiece by Correggio and was worth hundreds of thousands of pounds.
 
2.翻译
古玩店对许多人来说有一种特殊的魅力。高档一点的古玩店为了防尘,把文物漂亮地陈列在玻璃柜子里,那里往往令人望而却步。而对不太装腔作势的古玩店,无论是谁都不用壮着胆子才敢往里进。人们还常常有希望在发霉、阴暗、杂乱无章、迷宫般的店堂里,从杂乱地摆放在地面上的、一堆堆各式各样的破烂货里找到一件稀世珍品。
无论是谁都不会一下子就发现一件珍品。一个到处找便宜的人必须具有耐心,而且最重要的是看到珍品时要有鉴别珍品的能力。要做到这一点,他至少要像古董商一样懂行。他必须像一个专心致志进行探索的科学家那样抱有这样的希望,即终有一天,他的努力会取得丰硕的成果。
我的老朋友弗兰克.哈利戴正是这样一个人。他多次向我详细讲他如何只花50英镑便买到一位名家的杰作。一个星期六的上午,弗兰克去了我家附近的一家古玩店。由于他从未去过那儿,结果他发现许多有趣的东西。上午很快过去了,弗兰克正准备离去,突然看见地板上放着一只体积很大的货箱。古董商告诉他那只货箱刚到不久,但他嫌麻烦不想把它打开。经弗兰克恳求,古董商才勉强把货箱撬开了。箱内东西令人失望。除了一柄式样别致、雕有花纹的匕首外,货箱内装满陶器,而且大部分都已破碎裂。弗兰克轻轻地把陶器拿出箱子,突然发现在箱底有一幅微型画,画面构图与纸条使他想起一幅他所熟悉的意大利画,于是他决定将画买了下来。古董商漫不经心看了一眼那幅画,告诉弗兰克那画值50英镑。弗兰克几乎无法掩饰自己兴奋的心情,因为他明白自己发现了一件珍品。那幅不大的画原来是柯勒乔的一幅未被发现的杰作,价值几十万英镑。
 

二、学习视频

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三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1.Antique shops exert a peculiar fascination on a great many people.
exert a peculiar fascination on sb:对某人有一种特殊的魅力
Ex
Antique shops appeal to a great many people.
Shoe shops exert a peculiar fascination on a great many ladies.

2.The more expensive kind of antique shop where rare objects are beautifully displayed in glass cases to keep them free from dust is usually a forbidding place.
句型分析
句子的主干为:The more expensive kind of antique shop is usually a forbidding place.
Where引导的定语从句修饰antique shop

Rare objects:文物,稀有物品,可以用Rarity代替
Keep sb /sth free from :使不受......(影响,危害等)
Ex
You can't keep yourselves free from anxieties like tramps.
We put our books in bookcase to keep them free from dust.

3.But no one has to muster up courage to enter a less pretentious antique shop.
muster up courage to :鼓起勇气...

4.There is always hope that in its labyrinth of musty, dark, disordered rooms a real rarity will be found amongst the piles of assorted junk that little the floors.
此句为新概念3之经典句型99句之一,建议背诵运用
There is always hope that ......:...总有希望...
We cherish the hope that ......:本句中的cherish意思是"抱有、怀有(希望、想法、感情)",相当于英语"keep (hope, feelings, love, etc.) in mind deeply and with strongly favorable feelings",这是cherish的常用意义
Ex
You must cherish the hope that one day you will be amply rewarded.

5.No one discovers a rarity by chance.
By chance / by accident:偶然地,偶尔地

6.A truly dedicated bargain hunter must have patience, and above all, the ability to recognize the worth of something when he sees it.
dedicated : concentrated
above all : most important of all 最重要的是;承上启下,用来加强语气
The ability to do something :...的能力

7.To do this, he must be at least as knowledgeable as the dealer.
to do this : in order to discover a rarity

8.Like a scientist bent on making a discovery, he must cherish the hope that one dayhe will be amply rewarded.
bent on / upon : 决心于,adj.短语作定语修饰scientist
Ex
He is bent on winning the game.
He is bent on becoming a bridge player.
近义表达
be bent on doing sth / be determined on doing sth / be devoted to / be engaged in

9.He has often described to me how he picked up a masterpiece for a mere $50.
for :花费
A mere : only

10.He found a great deal to interest him.
He found a lot of interesting things.
这2个句型要求背诵

11.The morning passed rapidly and Frank was about to leave when he noticed a large packing case lying on the floor.
be about to do sth:将要,正打算
be about to ...when ( /at the moment ).......:表示正要或刚要干什么,突然
Ex
I was about to leave when the telephone rang.
He was about to lock door when his friend visited him.

12.The morning passed rapidly and Frank just come in, but that he could not be bothered to open it.
bother : trouble打扰
Don't bother / trouble to come here tomorrow.
I would not like to be bothered / troubled by you every day.

比较
disturb语气更为强烈,又指心烦意乱的心理状态,有时也指严重的精神错乱
The news has disturbed me very much.
It is disturbing to think that a wild animal is still at large in the quiet countryside .
trouble在含义上介于disturb / bother之间

13.Apart from an interesting-looking carved dagger, the box was full of crockery, much of it broken.
Apart from ......除...之外,还有 =In addition to =Except
Ex
Apart from a slight headache , I feel all right now.

14.the box was full of crockery, and much of it broken.
独立主格结构 查阅HJ英语语法大全在线词典 (点击进入)

Ex
Dish is done , he begged his wife not to sweep the floor.
She ran into the room , her face covered with tears.
He lay in bed , his face exposed.

15.Frank gently lifted the crockery out of the box an suddenly noticed a miniature painting at the bottom of the packing case.
At the bottom of: 在底部
At the top of :在顶部

16.Frank could hardly conceal his excitement, for he knew that he had made a real

discovery.
conceal one's excitement 掩饰激动心情
make a real discovery 做出发现

17.The tiny painting proved to be an unknown masterpiece by Correggio and was worth hundreds of thousands of pounds.
hundreds of thousands of 几十万
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
antique
n. 古董,古玩
fascination
n. 魅力,迷惑力
forbidding
adj. 望而生畏的,望而却步的
muster
v. 鼓起
pretentious
adj. 自命不凡的,矫饰的
labyrinth
n. 迷宫
musty
adj. 陈腐的,发霉的
rarity
n. 稀世珍品
assorted
adj. 各式各样的
junk
n. 破烂货,废品
litter
v. 杂乱地布满
dedicated
adj. 专心致志的
bargain hunter
到处找便宜货买的人
dealer
v. 商人
cherish
v. 期望,渴望
amply
adv. 足够地
masterpiece
n. 杰作
mere
adj. 仅仅的
prise
v. 撬开
carve
v. 镌刻
dagger
n. 短剑,匕首
miniature
adj. 小巧的,小型的
composition
n. 构图

 

五、课后练习答案

1b 2b 3c 4b 5d 6c 7a 8d 9c 10b 11a 12c