新概念英语第三册35:Justice was done
 

一、听力mp3

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1.课文
The word justice is usually associated with courts of law. We might say that justice has been done when a man's innocence or guilt has been proved beyond doubt. Justice is part of the complex machinery of the law. Those who seek it undertake an arduous journey and can never be sure that they will find it. Judges, however wise or eminent, are human and can make mistakes.
There are rare instances when justice almost ceases to be an abstract concept. Reward or punishment are meted out quite independent of human interference. At such times, justice acts like a living force. When we use a phrase like 'it serves him right', we are, in part, admitting that a certain set of circumstances has enabled justice to act of its own accord.
When a thief was caught on the premises of large jewellery store on morning, the shop assistants must have found it impossible to resist the temptation to say 'it serves him right.' The shop was an old converted house with many large, disused fireplaces and tall, narrow chimneys. Towards midday, a girl heard a muffed cry coming from behind on of the walls. As the cry was repeated several times, she ran to tell the manager who promptly rang up the fire brigade. The cry had certainly come form one of the chimneys, but as there were so many of them, the fire fighters could not be certain which one it was. They located the right chimney by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries. After chipping through a wall which was eighteen inches thick, they found that a man had been trapped in the chimney. As it was extremely narrow, the man was unable to move, but the fire fighters were eventually able to free him by cutting a huge hole in the wall. The sorry-looking, blackened figure that emerged, admitted at once that he had tried to break into the shop during the night but had got stuck in the chimney. He had been there for nearly ten hours. Justice had been done even before the man was handed over to the police.
 
2.翻译
“正义”这个词常常是同法庭连在一起的。当某人被证据确凿地证明无罪的时候,我们也许会说正义得到了伸张。正义是复杂的法律机器组成部分。那些寻求正义的人走的是一条崎岖的道路,从来没有把握他们最终将到正义。法官无论如何聪明与有名,毕竟也是人,也会出差错的。
在个别情况下,正义不再是一种抽象概念。奖惩的实施是不受人意志支配的。在这种时候,正义像一种有生命的力量行使其职能。当我们说“他罪有应得”这句话的时候,我们部分承认了某种特定的环境使得正义自动地起了作用。
一天上午,当一个小偷在一家大型珠宝店里被人抓住的时候,店员一定会忍不住说:“他罪有应得。”那是一座老式的、经过改造的房子,店里有许多废置不用的大壁炉和又高又窄的烟囱。快到中午的时候,一个女售货员听见从一堵墙里传出一种闷声闷气的叫声。由于这种喊叫声重复了几次,她跑去报告经理,经理当即给消防队挂了电话。喊叫声肯定是从烟囱里传出来的,然而,因为烟囱太多,消防队员无法确定到底是哪一个。他们通过叫击烟囱倾叫声而确定传出声音的那个烟囱。他们凿透了18英寸厚的墙壁,发现有个人卡在烟囱里。由于烟囱太窄,那人无法动弹。消防队员在墙上挖了个大洞,才终于把他解救出来。那个看来满脸沮丧、浑身漆黑的家伙从烟囱里一出来,就承认头天夜里他企图到店里行窍,但让烟囱卡住了。他已经在烟囱里被困了将近10个小时。甚至在那人还没被送交给警察之前,正义就已得到了伸张。
 

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三、课文精讲

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(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1.The word justice is usually associated with courts of law.
be associated with = be connected with , be related to : 与...相联系

2.We might say that justice has been done when a man's innocence or guilt has been proved beyond doubt.
we might say that:我们也许会说(一种不太肯定的口气)
Ex
We might say that justice has been done.

beyond: prep.超出某种程度,限度,主要是和名词进行搭配
beyond doubt 无可怀疑
Ex
He has been proved to be innocent beyond doubt.
Your beauty is beyond my description.

3.Justice is part of the complex machinery of the law.
part of:部分,前面没有冠词
Ex
Only part of his story is true.
比较
parts of:几部分,若干部分
Parts of the log book were recognized. .
Large parts of the house were destroyed in the fire.
无论是part of还是parts of后面都要带单数名词

4.Those who seek it, undertake an arduous journey and can never be sure that they will find it.
背诵句型

5.Judges, however wise or eminent, are human and can make mistakes.
however = no matter how
背诵句型

6.There are rare instances when justice almost ceases to be an abstract concept.
There are rare instances when:在极个别的情况下
Ex
There are rare instances when women are not equal to men.

cease:(正式)彻底地停止,暗指动作的突然性
比较
ceased to do:与动词不定式连用
His heart suddenly ceased to beat.
stop:(广泛,不正式)不强调方式,只强调结果
The car suddenly stopped.

7.Reward or punishment are meted out quite independent of human interference.
quite independent of human interference:形容词短语做定语,说明主句的状况

8.At such times, justice acts like a living force.
at such times:在有的时候

9.When we use a phrase like 'it serves him right', we are, in part, admitting that a certain set of circumstances has enabled justice to act of its own accord.
句子分析
句子的主干:we are , in part , admitting that ...
enabled sb. to do:使...能够做某事
of its own accord:自然而然的

10.When a thief was caught on the premises of large jewellery store on morning, the shop assistants must have found it impossible to resist the temptation to say 'it serves him right.'
...found it impossible to resist the temptation to say..:一定忍不住说...(双否,背诵句型)
He deserves it. / It serves him right.罪有应得

11.Towards midday, a girl heard a muffed cry coming from behind on of the walls.
come from behind :从后面
Ex
He jumped from behind one of the trees.

12.As the cry was repeated several times, she ran to tell the manager who promptly rang up the fire brigade.
promptly=immediately:马上

13.They located the right chimney by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries.
located the right chimney:确定那个烟囱
by tapping at the walls and listening for the man's cries:注意and连接前后形式相一致
listen for : pay attention ,so as to be sure of hearing,表示集中注意力,等待听到某种声音
Ex
We are listening for the clock to announce the NewYear.
I'm listening for your steps.

14.The sorry-looking, blackened figure that emerged, admitted at once that he had tried to break into the shop during the night but had got stuck in the chimney.
emerged:出现(= came out , appeared)
get stuck :被卡住
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
justice
n. 正义,公正;司法
court
n. 法院
law
n. 法律
innocence
n. 无辜
undertake
v. 承担;着手做
arduous
adj. 艰苦的,艰难的
abstract
adj. 抽象的
concept
n. 概念,观念
mete out
给予,处置
interference
n. 干涉
accord
n. 一致
premises
n. 房屋
convert
v. 转变,改变
disused
adj. 不再用的,废弃的
fireplace
n. 壁炉
muffle
v. 捂住,厌抑
chip
v. 砍,削,凿
blacken
v. 使变黑
emerge
v. (从某处)出现

 

五、课后练习答案

1c 2b 3b 4d 5c 6d 7c 8c 9a 10d 11b 12d