新概念英语第三册39:Nothing to worry about
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
The rough across the plain soon became so bad that we tried to get Bruce to drive back to the village we had come from. Even though the road was littered with boulders and pitted with holes, Bruce was not in the least perturbed. Glancing at his map, he informed us that the next village was a mere twenty miles away. It was not that Bruce always underestimated difficulties. He simply had no sense of danger at all. No matter what the conditions were, he believed that a car should be driven as fast as it could possibly go.
As we bumped over eh dusty track, we swerved to avoid large boulders. The wheels scooped up stones which hammered ominously under the car. We felt sure that sooner or later a stone would rip a hole in our petrol tank or damage the engine. Because of this, we kept looking back, wondering if we were leaving a trail of oil and petrol behind us.
What a relief it was when the boulders suddenly disappeared, giving way to a stretch of plain where the only obstacles were clumps of bushes. But there was worse to come. Just ahead of us there was a huge fissure. In response to renewed pleadings, Bruce stopped. Though we all got out to examine the fissure, he remained in the car. We informed him that the fissure extended for fifty years and was tow feet wide and four feet deep. Even this had no effect. Bruce went into a low gear and drove at a terrifying speed, keeping the front wheels astride the crack as he followed its zigzag course. Before we had time to worry about what might happen, we were back on the plain again. Bruce consulted the map once more and told us that the village was now only fifteen miles away. Our next obstacle was a shallow pool of water about half a mile across. Bruce charged at it, but in the middle, the car came to a grinding half. A yellow light on the dashboard flashed angrily and Bruce cheerfully announced that there was no oil in the engine!
 
2.翻译
穿越平原的道路高低不平,开车走了不远,路面愈加崎岖。我们想劝说布鲁斯把车开回我们出发的那个村庄去。尽管路面布满石头,坑坑洼洼,但布鲁斯却一点儿不慌乱。他瞥了一眼地图,告诉我们前面再走不到20英里就是一个村庄。这并不是说布鲁斯总是低估困难,而是他压根儿没有一点儿危险感。他认为不管路面情况如何,车必须以最高速度前进。
我们在尘士飞扬的道路上颠簸,车子东拐西弯,以躲开那些大圆石。车轮搅起的石块锤击车身,发出不祥的锤击声。我们想念迟早会飞起一个石块把油箱砸开一个窟窿,或者把发动机砸坏。因此,我们不时地掉过头,怀疑车后是否留下了机油和汽油的痕迹。
突然大石块不见了,前面是一片平地,唯一的障碍只有一簇簇灌木丛。这使我们长长地松了口气。但是更糟糕的事情在等着我们,离我们不远处,出现一个大裂缝。我们再次央求布鲁斯小心,他这才把车停了下来。我们纷纷下车察看那个大裂缝,他却呆在车上。我们告诉他那个大裂缝长50码,宽2英尺,深4英尺。这也没有对他产生任何影响。布鲁斯挂上慢档,把两只前轮分别搁在裂缝的两边,顺着弯弯曲曲的裂缝,以发疯的速度向前开去。我们还未来得及担心后果,车已重新开上了平地。布鲁斯又看了一眼地图,告诉我们那座村庄离我们只有15英里了。下一个障碍是一片约半英里宽的浅水塘。布鲁斯向水塘冲去,但车开到水塘当中,嘎吱一声停住了。仪表盘一盏黄灯闪着刺眼的光芒,布鲁斯兴致勃勃地宣布发动机里没油了!
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由网友整理分享,仅供参考。同学们可根据教学视频记录笔记,以便复习。)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-39.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请用电脑百度搜索"哈喽英语"进行学习。)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1.The rough road across the plain soon became so bad that we tried to get Bruce to drive back to the village we had come from.
get sb to do sth: persuade / advise sb. to do
so...that 太...以至于...为关联词, 引导结果状从.
we had come from. 定语从句, 由于先行词village 在从句中作介词 from 的宾语,因此在village 与从句间省略了关系代词 that/which.

2.Even though the road was littered with boulders and pitted with holes, Bruce was not in the least perturbed.

not in the least= not at all / not a bit/ not the least bit 一点也不, 通常用于否定句, 疑问句或条件句中.
Ex
Are you in the least interesting in becoming a teacher?

be littered with 布满;be pitted with 因...而坑坑洼洼. 他们共用一个主语 the road ,使句子更简洁.

3. It was not that Bruce always underestimated difficulties.
not that 并不是说...并非...多用于口语有时作插入语,对所说情况作进一步说明
Ex
We were allowed to rest, not that much of the night remained.
有时用 not that...but (that)...表示"不是...而是..."
Ex
It was not that Bruce always underestimated difficulties, but he simply had no sence of danger at all.

4.We felt sure that sooner or later a stone would rip a hole in our petrol tank or damage the engine.
sooner or later 迟早,作时间状语.
Ex
If you drive like that, sooner or later you'll have an accident.

5.Because of this, we kept looking back, wondering if we were leaving a trail of oil and petrol behind us.
keep doing sth: 除表示连续不断的动作或持续状态外,还表示反复发生的动作.

look back 回头看 wondering 从句做伴随状况状语

6.What a relief it was when the boulders suddenly disappeared, giving way to a stretch of plain where the only obstacles were clumps of bushes. What 感叹词
give way to 为......所代替. 现在分词作结果状语.
Ex

The great clouds gradually broke up and give way to blue sky.

7.But there was worse to come.
worse为名词."更糟糕的事情".
to come 动词不定式作定语.修饰worse

8. In response to renewed pleadings, Bruce stopped.
in response to : in reaction to
Ex
In reponse to an invitation we attended the meeting.

9.We informed him that the fissure extended for fifty yards and was two feet wide and four feet deep.
two feet wide and four feet deep 数量词+度量单位+ wide/deep 指...宽/深

10.Before we had time to worry about what might happen, we were back on the plain again.
背诵句型
当用Before表示"在...没有...之前" 或" 在未来得及...前" 的意思时, Before只能用于肯定式中表达否定含义. 而不能将其用于否定式中.

11. A yellow light on the dash- board flashed angrily and Bruce cheerfully announced that there was no oil in the engine!
angrily 形容"灯",是拟人手法, 与cheerfully 以对比形式出现. 形成修辞--对照法. 即将相反或相对的两个意思或两个词以对等的结构安排在句中,形成对照, 增强表达效果.

 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
rough
adj. 崎岖不平的
boulder
n. 大石块
pit
v. 使得坑坑洼洼
perturb
v. 使不安
underestimate
v. 低估
swerve
v. 急转变
scoop
v. 挖出
hammer
v. (用锤)击打,锤打
ominously
adv. 有预兆的,不祥的
rip
v. 划破,撕,扯
petrol
n. 汽油
stretch
n. 一大片(平地或水)
obstacle
n. 障碍
clump
n. 丛,簇
fissure
n. (石,地的)深缝
renew
v. 重复
pleading
n. 恳求
gear
n. 汽车排档
astride
prep.骑,跨
crack
n. 缝隙
zigzag
n. “之”字形
shallow
adj. 浅的
grind (ground, ground)
v. 磨擦
halt
n. 停
dashboard
n. (汽车上的)仪表盘

 

五、课后练习答案

1c 2a 3a 4d 5a 6d 7b 8c 9a 10c 11b 12c