新概念英语第三册40:Who's who
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
It has never been explained why university students seem to enjoy practical jokes more than else. Students specialize in a particular type of practical joke: the hoax. Inviting the fire brigade to put out a nonexistent fire is a crude form of deception which no self-respecting student would ever indulge in. Students often create amusing situations which are funny to everyone except the victims.
When a student recently saw two workmen using a pneumatic drill outside his university, he immediately telephoned the police and informed them that two students dressed up as workmen were tearing up the road with a pneumatic drill. As soon as he had hung up, he went over to the workmen and told them that if a policeman ordered them to go away, they were not take him seriously. He added that a student had dressed up as a policeman and was playing all sorts of silly jokes on people. Both the police and the workmen were grateful to the student for this piece of advance information.
The student did in an archway nearby where he could watch and hear everything that went on. Sure enough, a policeman arrived on the scene and politely asked the workmen to go away. When he received a very rude reply from one of the workmen. He threatened to remove them by force. The workmen told him to do as he pleased and the policeman telephoned for help. Shortly afterwards, four more policemen arrived and remonstrated with the workmen. As the men refused to stop working, the police attempted to seize the pneumatic drill. The workmen struggled fiercely and one of them lost his temper. He threatened to call the police. At this, the police pointed out ironically that this would hardly be necessary as the men were already under arrest. Pretending to speak seriously, one of the workmen asked if he might make a telephone call before being taken to the station. Permission was granted and a policeman accompanied him to a pay phone. Only when he saw that the man was actually telephoning the police did he realize that they had all been the victims of a hoax.
 
2.翻译
谁也弄不清为什么大学生好像比任何人都更喜欢恶作剧。大学生擅长一种特殊的恶作剧——戏弄人。请消防队来扑灭一场根本没有的大火是一种低级骗局,有自尊心的大学生决不会去做。大学生们常常做的是制造一种可笑的局面,使大家笑上一场,当然受害者是笑不出来的。
最近有个学生看见两个工人在学校门外用风钻干活,马上打电话报告警察,说有两个学生装扮成工人,正在用风钻破坏路面。挂上电话后,他又马上来到工人那儿,告诉他们若有个警察来让他们走开,不要把他当回事,还对工人说,有个学生常装扮成警察无聊地同别人开玩笑。警察与工人都对那个学生事先通报情况表示感谢。
那个学生躲在附近一拱形的门廊里,在那儿可以看见、听到现场发生的一切。果然,警察来了,不礼貌地请工人离开此地;但其中一个工人粗鲁地回了几句。于是警察威胁要强行使他们离开。工人说,悉听尊便。警察去打电话叫人。一会儿工夫,又来了4个警察,规劝工人离开。由于工人拒绝停下手中的活,警察想夺风钻。两个工人奋力抗争,其中一个发了火,威胁说要去叫警察。警察听后讥讽地说,这大可不必,因为他俩已被逮捕了。其中一个工人装模作样地问道,在被带往警察局之前,是否可以打一个电话。警察同意了,陪他来到一个投币地电话前,当他看到那个工人真的是给警察挂电话,才恍然大悟,原来他们都成一场骗局的受害者。
 

二、学习视频

(新概念系列英语学习视频由网友整理分享,仅供参考。同学们可根据教学视频记录笔记,以便复习。)
[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-40.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请用电脑百度搜索"哈喽英语"进行学习。)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )

1.It has never been explained why university students seem to enjoy practical jokes more than anyone else.
背诵句型
It为形式主语.

2.Inviting the fire brigade to put out a nonexistent fire is a crude form of deception which no self-respecting student would ever indulge in.
背诵句型

put out 扑灭,熄灭.
indulge in 沉迷于
Ex
Many old people indulge in reminiscences of their youth.

3. As soon as he had hung up, he went over to the workmen and told them that if a policeman ordered them to go away, they were not to take him seriously.
As soon as 一...就...
hung up 挂上电话
go away 走开
take him seriously 严肃对待

be to do 结构含义:

1. should

Eg: Such a private thing should be avoided.

Such a private thing is to be avoided

2. must

Eg: No students must leave school without the permission of the police.

No students are to leave school without the permission of the police.

3. intend 意图,打算

Eg: We intend to start work next week.

We are to start work next week.

4.Both the police and the workmen were grateful to the student for this piece of advance information.

背诵句型
were grateful to sb for sth 因...而感激/感谢
Ex
His parents were very grateful to us for informing them of his safe return.

5.When he received a very rude reply from one of the workmen, he threatened to remove them by force.
背诵句型
threatened to 恐吓要做某事
by force 以武力

6.The workmen told him to do as he pleased and the policeman telephoned for help.
背诵句型
as he pleased 此句为方式状从,省略了 to do

7. Shortly afterwards, four more policemen arrived and remonstrated with the workmen.
remonstrated with + 表示人的名词 规劝...
remonstrated with sb. about/ regarding/ upon/ on sth. 因...而规劝某人
Ex
His parents remonstrated with him about his bad habits.

8.At this, the police pointed out ironically that this would hardly be necessary as the men were already under arrest.
背诵句型

as this 听到 at 是介词,表示"一...(就)..." 此意思为"一听到这话". this 指代其中一个工人威胁要去叫警察这件事.
Ex

At the words,he got angry.

With the words, he left the room angrily.

pointed out ironically 讽刺地指出

hardly be necessary 大可不必

under 与名词搭配表示一种被动的概念

under discussion / arrest / repair

9.Pretending to speak seriously, one of the workmen asked if he might make a telephone call before being taken to the station.

背诵句型
Pretending to 假装做...
make a telephone call 打个电话

10. Permission was granted and a policeman accompanied him to a pay phone.
背诵句型

11.Only when he saw that the man was actually telephoning the police did he realize that they had all been the victims of a hoax.
Only when 直到...才... Only 为副词,起强调作用. 只有当Only +状语 这样的结构在句首时,句子(或主句) 的谓语部分才需要使用倒装的语序.
Ex
Only if you've been through such agony will you believe it.
From a scientific point of view, work is done only when the applied force produces motion.
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
hoax
n. 骗局,戏弄
deception
n. 欺骗,骗局
self-respecting
adj. 自重的
indulge
v. 使沉迷
pneumatic
adj. 气动的
drill
n. 钻
silly
adj. 无意义的,无聊的
advance
adj. 预先的,事先获得的
archway
n. 拱形门楼
remonstrate
v. 规劝,告诫
ironically
adv. 讽刺地
permission
n. 许可
grant
v. 同意,准予

 

五、课后练习答案

1a 2c 3c 4d 5a 6d 7c 8c 9b 10a 11d 12a