新概念英语第三册45:The power of the press
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
In democratic countries any efforts to restrict the freedom of the press are rightly condemned. However, this freedom can easily be abused. Stories about people often attract far more public attention than political events. Though we may enjoy reading about the lives of others, it is extremely doubtful whether we would equally enjoy reading about ourselves. Acting on the contention that facts are sacred, reporters can cause untold suffering to individuals by publishing details about their private lives. Newspapers exert such tremendous influence that they can not only bring about major changes to the lives of ordinary people but can even overthrow a government.
The story of a poor family that acquired fame and fortune overnight, dramatically illustrates the power of the press. The family lived in Aberdeen, a small town of 23,000 inhabitants in South Dakota. As the parents had five children, life was a perpetual struggle against poverty. They were expecting their sixth child and were faced with even more pressing economic problems. If they had only had one more child, the fact would have passed unnoticed. They would have continued to struggle against economic odds and would have lived in obscurity. But they suddenly became the parents of quintuplets, an aeroplane arrived in Aberdeen bringing sixty reporters and photographers.
The rise to fame was swift. Television cameras and newspapers carried the news to everyone in the country. Newspapers and magazines offered the family huge sums for the exclusive rights to publish stories and photographs. Gifts poured in not only from unknown people, but room baby food and soap manufacturers who wished to advertise their products. The old farmhouse the family lived in was to be replaced by new $500,000 home. Reporters kept pressing for interviews so lawyers had to be employed to act as spokesmen for the family at press conferences. While the five babies were babies were still quietly sleeping in oxygen tents in hospital nursery, their parents were paying the price for fame. It would never again be possible for them to lead normal lives. They had become the victims of commercialization, for their names had acquired a market value. Instead of being five new family members, these children had immediately become a commodity.
 
2.翻译
在民主国家里,任何限制新闻自由的企图都理所当然地受到谴责。然而,这种自由很容易被滥用。常人轶事往往比政治事件更能引起公众注意。我们都喜欢看关于别人生活的报道,但是否同样喜欢看关于自己生活的报道,就很难说了。记者按事实至上的论点行事,发表有关别人生活的细节,有时会给当事人造成极大的痛苦。新闻具有巨大的威力。它们不仅可以给寻常人家的生活带来重大的变化,甚至还能推翻一个政府。
下面这户穷人一夜之间出名发财的故事戏剧性地说明了新闻报道威力。这户人家住在南达科他州一个人口为23,000 的小镇上,镇名为阿拜丁。家里已有5个孩子,全家人常年在贫困中挣扎。第6个孩子即将问世,他们面临着更为严峻的经济问题。如果他们只添了1个孩子,这件事本来就不会引起任何人的注意。这家人会继续为克服经济上的拮据而奋斗,并默默无闻地活下去。但是他们出人意料生了个五胞胎,4女1男。这事使他们的生活发生了根本的变化。五胞胎降生第二天,一架飞机飞抵阿拜丁,随机带来60名记者与摄影师。
这一家迅速出了名。电视摄像机和报纸把消息传送到全国。报纸、杂志出高价向他们购买文字、图片的独家报道权。不但素昧平生的人寄来了大量的礼物,而且婴儿食品、婴儿肥皂制造厂商为了替自己产品做广告也寄来了大量的礼物。这家人住的旧家舍将由一座价值50万美元的新住宅所取代。由于记者纷纷要求会见,他们不得不请了律师充当他们家的发言人举行记者招待会。眼下,五胞胎还静静地躺在医院婴儿室的氧气帐里,他们的父母却为这名声付出了代价,他们再也无法过正常的生活。他们成了商业化的受害者,因为他们的名字具有了市场价值。这些孩子立即成了商品,而不是5个新的家庭成员。
 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-45.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请用电脑百度搜索"哈喽英语"进行学习。)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )
 
1.In democratic countries any efforts to restrict the freedom of the press are rightly
condemned.
eg:The terrorist action has been condemned as an act of barbarism.
eg:The prisoner condemned(punished) to death.
 
2. Acting on the contention that facts are sacred,reporters can cause untold suffering to individuals by pub-lishing details about their private lives.
acting on :to behave according to 以......来行事,遵循......来行事
contention:opintion;disagreement eg:The issue is still in contention.
sacred :神圣的,重要的 Life is sacred.
untold:too much to be measured
结构分析:复合句,现在分词短语极其所带同位语从句做原因状语,that引导的部分是contention 的同位语从句,by引导方式状语
 
3.Though we may enjoy reading about the lives of others, it is extremely doubtful whether we would equally enjoy reading about ourselves.
doubtful =uncertain ;
read of/about 读到(有关......的情况)
结构分析:though引导让步状语从句,主句含有一个主语从句,it 形式主语
unlikely 经常跟wherther引导的从句
 
4.The story of a poor family that acquired fame and fortune overnight, dramatically illustrates the power of the press.
acquire:obtain
eg:They had become the victims of commercialization, for their names had acquired a market value.
dramatically
eg:Quite dramatically,she shrugged and shook her head.
illustrate:explain
eg:The latest conflict further illustrates the weakness of the UN.
eg:The speaker illustrates his point with a diagram.
 
5.As the parents had five children, life was a perpetual struggle against poverty.
perpetual :overlasting
struggle:永无休止的斗争在贫困中永无止尽的挣扎。。。
the nation's struggle for independence
the struggle between good and evil
They would have continued to struggle against economic odds
 
6. They were expecting their sixth child and faced with even more pressing economic problems.
expecting a baby/be expecting 怀孕了
He was overjoyed to learn that his wife was expecting(a baby).
be face with 面临
In the process of studing English,we are faced with a great many problems,which should be surmounted.
pressing :urgent
A pressing need/issue/ 迫切需要
Their invitation was so pressing that I can do nothing but accept.
 
7.Newspapers and magazines offered the family huge sums for the exclusive rights to publish stories and photographs.
exclusive use/access
The reading room is for the exclusive use of teachers.
exclusive report/interview /coverage
 
8.If they had only had one more child, the fact would have passed unnoticed.
If引导虚拟条件句,表示对过去情况的假设;过去分词unnoticed作主语补足语
unnoticed 形容词作状语
He went away unobserved.
I returned home exhausted.
 
9.Reporters kept pressing for interviews so lawyers had to be employed to act as spokes-men for the family at press conferences.
press for == demand 形象地表达出不停的催问
The company is pressing me for a decision on their offer.
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
democratic
adj. 民主的
restrict
v. 限制
abuse
v. 滥用
contention
n. 论点
untold
adj. 数不尽
South Dakota
南达科他州(美国)
perpetual
adj. 永久的
quintuplet
n. 五胞胎之一
obscurity
n. 默默无闻
radically
adv. 彻底地,完全地
exclusive
adj. 独占的,独家的
nursery
n. 育婴室,保育室
commercialization
n. 商品化
commodity
n. 商品
 

五、课后练习答案

1b 2d 3d 4b 5a 6a 7b 8a 9d 10c 11c 12a