新概念英语第三册47:Too high a price?
 

一、听力mp3

(请同学们先听一边课文听力,再逐次查看课文与翻译内容。)
 

 
1.课文
Pollution is the price we pay for an overpopulated, over industrialized planet. When you come to think about it, there are only four ways you can deal with rubbish: dump it, burn it, turn it into something you can use again, attempt to produce less of it. We keep trying all four methods, but he sheer volume of rubbish we produce worldwide threatens to overwhelm us.
Rubbish, however, is only part of the problem of polluting our planet. The need to produce ever-increasing quantities of cheap food leads to a different kind of pollution. Industrialized farming methods produce cheap meat products: beef, pork and chicken. The use of pesticides and fertilizers produces cheap grain and vegetables. The price we pay for cheap food may be already too high: Mad Cow Disease (BSE) in cattle, salmonella in chicken and eggs, and wisteria in dairy products. And if you think you'll abandon meat and become a vegetarian, you have the choice of very expensive organically-grown vegetables or a steady diet of pesticides every time you think you're eating fresh salads and vegetables, or just having an innocent glass of water!
However, there is an even more insidious kind of pollution that particularly affects urban areas and invades our daily lives, and that is noise. Burglar alarms going off at any time of the day or night serve only to annoy passers-by and actually assist burglars to burgle. Car alarms constantly scream at us in the street and are a source of profound irritation. A recent survey of the effects of noise revealed (surprisingly?) that dogs barking incessantly in the night rated the highest form of noise pollution on a scale ranging from 1 to 7. The survey revealed a large number of sources of noise that we really dislike. Lawn mowers whining on a summer's day, late-night parties in apartment blocks, noisy neighbors, vehicles of al kinds, especially large container trucks thundering through quiet village, planes and helicopters flying overhead, large radios carried round in public places and played at maximum volume. New technology has also made its own contribution to noise. A lot of people object to mobile phones, especially when they are used in public places like restaurants or on public transport. Loud conversations on mobile phones invade our thoughts or interrupt the pleasure of meeting friends for a quiet chat. The noise pollution survey revealed a rather spurring and possibly amusing old fashioned source of noise. It turned out to be snoring! Men were found to be the worst offenders. It was revealed that 20% of men in their mid-thirties snore. This figure rises to a staggering 60% of men in their sixties. Against these figures, it was found that only 5% of women snore regularly, while the rest are constantly woken or kept awake by their trumpeting partners. Whatever the source of noise, one thing is certain: silence, it seems, has become a golden memory.
 
2.翻译
污染就是我们为这个人口过密,过度工业化的星球所付出的代价。当我们开始考虑垃圾问题时,我们只有4种对付垃圾的方法:倾倒、焚烧、把垃圾变成再生材料或试图少产生一些垃圾。我们一直在试这4种方式,但是,我们在世界范围内仅产生的垃圾的量就有把我们覆盖的危险。
然而,垃圾只是我们这个星球的污染问题的一个方面。日益增长的对廉价食物的需求导致了另一种形式的污染。工业化的农作方式生产出廉价的肉类制品——牛肉、猪肉和鸡肉。使用杀虫剂和化肥生产出廉价的谷物和蔬菜。为了廉价食物我们付出代价已经太高了:牛肉中的疯牛病,鸡肉和鸡蛋中的沙门氏菌,奶制品中的利斯特杆菌。如果你想放弃肉类而变成一位素食者,那么你可以两者择一:或是选用价格昂贵、有机培植的蔬菜,或是当你认为在享用新鲜色拉和新鲜蔬菜或饮用一杯无害的水的时候,实际上每次都不断吃进杀虫剂。
但是,还有一种更加隐蔽有害的污染,它专门影响城镇地区,侵袭我们的日常生活,那就是噪音。防盗警报器在白天和黑夜的任何时候都会响起来,它的作用只是骚扰过路行人,而实际上却帮助窃贼入室行窃。在街上,汽车的防盗警报不断对我们吼叫,这是人们极度烦燥的一个原因,最近一个有关噪音的作用的调查(令人吃惊地)指出,夜间连续不断的狗叫声,在一个从1级至7级刻度表上应列为最严重的噪间污染。这个调查揭示了我们所不喜欢的大量的噪间的来源:夏天呜呜作响的割草机,公寓楼里深夜聚会的喧哗声,大声吵闹的邻居,各式各样的车辆,特别是穿越寂静的村庄的集装箱卡车,从头顶飞过的飞机和直升机,被带到公共场所、音量开到最大的大功率收音机。新技术也为噪音作了它的贡献。许多人都反对移动式电话,特别是在如饭店,公共交通车等公共场所使用移动电话。用移动电话大声交谈干扰我们的思路,破坏我们和朋友在一起轻声聊天所得到的乐趣。这个有关噪音的污染调查还揭示了一种出人意外而同时可能会引人意外而同时可能会引人发笑的老式噪音源。它竟然是鼾声。人类是这方面的罪魁祸首。调查指出,20%的35岁左右的男人打鼾;而到60岁这个年龄段,这个数字上升到令人惊愕的60%。与这些数字相比,只有5% 的女性经常打鼾;而其余则经常被与她们同睡、像吹号似地打着呼噜的男人吵醒或弄得睡不着。不管噪声来自何方,有一点是肯定的:看来寂静已变成一种珍贵的回忆。
 

二、学习视频

[flvplayer http://bcs.duapp.com/newce1/media/3-47.mp4 400 300]
(手机端无法播放视频,请用电脑百度搜索"哈喽英语"进行学习。)
 

三、课文精讲

(课文精讲根据顺序分析课文重点)
 
(Attention: The following points are not covered by the video. It is better for you to watch the video or listen to the MP3 first and try to take notes on your own. Then you may check here to get more details. )
 
1. 推荐背诵:Pollution is the price we pay for an overpopulated, over industrialized planet. 污染就是我们为这个人口过密、过度工业化的星球所付出的代价。
the price we pay for 为...负出代价,如:
Losing health is the price he paid for his hard work. 失去健康是他过度工作而负出的惨重代价。
 

2. There are only four ways you can deal with rubbish: dump it, burn it, turn it into something you can use again, attempt to produce less of it.
dump it, burn it, ... produce less of it, 并列平行结构,如:
There are some good ways to study English well: listen, speak, read and write. 强调动作study
There are four good ways to study English: listening, speaking, reading and writing. 强调方法ways
另外句中,turn it into something you can use again可以改成reuse it或 recycle it更简洁些。
 

3. 推荐背诵:We keep trying all four methods, but the sheer volume of rubbish we produce worldwide threatens to overwhelm us.
threaten to do 威胁,预示(危险),如:
The coming earthquake threatens the village. 即将发生的地震威胁着这个村庄。Dark clouds threaten a heavy storm. 乌云预示着有一场风暴。(threaten 预测厄运)The sun promises a good day. 阳光预示着一个好的日子。(promise 预测好的未来)
 

4. 推荐背诵:The need to produce ever-increasing quantities of cheap food leads to a different kind of pollution. 日益增长的对廉价食物的需求导致了另一种形式的污染。
leads to: result in, cause, bring about 导致
 

5. However, there is an even more insidious kind of pollution that particularly affects urban areas and invades our daily lives, and that is noise.
However, even more insidious, particularly 等词,很好地衔接了上下文,强调了第三段所要论述的噪音的危害性,注意体会。
 

6. 推荐背诵:Car alarms constantly scream at us in the street and are a source of profound irritation. 在街上,汽车的防盗警报不断对我们吼叫,这是人们极度烦燥的一个原因。
to be a source of 是...的来源,比较规范的用语,如:
Her husband earns a lot of money every month and he is a source of income. 他的丈夫每月能赚很多钱,这是他的一棵摇钱树。
 

7. 推荐背诵:The survey revealed a large number of sources of noise that we really dislike.
 

8. 推荐背诵:New technology has also made its own contribution to noise. 新技术也为噪音作了贡献。(本句有讽刺意味)
make contribution to 对...作出贡献
contribute to 引起,导致,是......的起因,如:
Air pollution contributes to disease. 空气是一些疾病的原因。
 

9. Men were found to be the worst offenders. 人类是这方面的罪魁祸首。
offend:惹怒 offender 罪魁祸首
were found: 强调客观描述 It is said...据说 It is revealed...据批露
 

10. 20% of mem in their mid-thirties在他们35岁左右
对应的有:in their early thirties 30刚出头 in their late thirties 将近40岁
 

11. 推荐背诵:Against these figures, it was found that ... 依据这组数字,和这组数字相比
也可以改成这种结构:Comparing these figures, we found that...
 

12. Whatever the source of noise, one thing is certain: silence, it seems, has become a golden memory.
对比一个句子:However you decide to spend your time, one thing is certain: you will arrive at your destination fresh and uncrumpled. (NCE3 Lesson44)
 

四、单词学习

1、提示:n.名词、adj.形容词、vi.不及物动词、vt.及物动词、adv.副词、prep.介词、pron.代词、int.感叹词、num.数词、abbr.短语缩写
2、双击或选中某个单词可划词查字典,如下图:(手机端无法使用此功能)

划词工具示意图

划词工具示意图

3、单词列表:
pollution
n. 污染

overpopulated
adj. 人口多的

over-industrialized
adj. 过度工业化的

sheer
adj. 纯粹的,不掺杂的

worldwide
adv. 在全世界

overwhelm
v. 制服,使不知所措

pollute
v. 污染

pesticide
n. 杀虫剂

fertilizer
n. 肥料

salmonella
n. 沙门氏菌

listeria
n. 利斯特杆菌

vegetarian
n. 吃素的人

organically-grown
adj. 有机培植的(不施化肥和其他化学药品培植)

insidious
adj. 暗中为害的

urban
adj. 城市的

burglar
n. 窃贼

burgle
v. 入室偷窃

scream
v. 尖叫

profound
adj. 极度的

irritation
n. 烦躁

incessantly
adv. 连续不断地

whine
v. 发呜呜声

helicopter
n. 直升飞机

maximum
adj. 最大的

technology
n. 技术

contribution
n. 贡献

mobile
adj. 可移动的

snore
v. 打鼾

offender
v. 冒犯者

staggering
adj. 令人惊愕的

trumpet
v. 吹号

partner
n. 伙伴
 

五、课后练习答案

1c 2b 3a 4c 5a 6c 7a 8a 9c 10c 11a 12b