The Scandinavian countries are much admired all over the world for their enlightened social policies. Sweden has evolved an excellent system for protecting the individual citizen from highhanded or incompetent public officers. The system has worked so well, that it has been adopted in other countries too.
The Swedes were the first to recognize that public official like civil servants, police officers, health inspectors or tax-collectors can make mistakes or act over-zealously in the belief that they are serving the public. As long ago as 1809, the Swedish Parliament introduced a scheme to safeguard the interest of the individual. A parliamentary committee representing all political parties appoints a person who is suitably qualified to investigate private grievances against the State. The official title of the person is 'Justiteombudsman', but the Swedes commonly refer to him as the 'J.O.' or 'Ombudsman'. The Ombudsman is not subject to political pressure. He investigates complaints large and small that come to him from all levels of society. As complaints must be made in writing, the Ombudsman receives an average of 1,200 letters a year. He has eight lawyer assistants to help him and examines every single letter in detail. There is nothing secretive about the Ombudsman's work for his correspondence is open to public inspection. If a citizen's complaint is justified, the Ombudsman will act on his behalf. The action he takes varies according to the nature of the complaint. He may gently reprimand an official or even suggest to parliament that a law the altered. The following case is a typical example of the Ombudsman's work.
A foreigner living in a Swedish village wrote to the Ombudsman complaining that he had been ill-treated by the police, simply because he was a foreigner. The Ombudsman immediately wrote to the Chief of Police in the district asking him to send a record of the case. There was nothing in the record to show that the foreigner's complaint was justified and the Chief of Police strongly denied the accusation. It was impossible for the Ombudsman to take action, but when he received a similar complaint from another foreigner in the same village, he immediately sent one of his layers to investigate the matter. The lawyer ascertained that a policeman had indeed dealt roughly with foreigners on several occasions. The fact that the policeman was prejudiced against foreigners could not be recorded in the official files. It was only possible for the Ombudsman to find this out by sending one of his representatives to check the facts. The policeman in question was severely reprimanded and was informed that if any further complaints were lodged against him, he would prosecuted. The Ombudsman's prompt action at once put an end to an unpleasant practice which might have gone unnoticed.
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1, The Scandinavian countries are much admired all over the world for their enlightened social policies.
admire sb. for "因为......而钦佩某人"
延伸词组：admire to do sth. 很想做某事
e.g. I admire to join the army.
2, Sweden has evolved an excellent system for protecting the individual citizen from high-handed or incompetent public officers.
e.g. They should evolve the truth from a mass of confused evidence. 他们要从大量庞杂的证据中推断事实。
3, the Swedes commonly refer to him as "J.O." or "Ombudsman".
refer to sb./ sth. as 称某人（某物）为
refer to 还可以表示"谈到，提到；涉及，有关；查阅"之意。
e.g. I'll refer to this point again. 我还是提到这一点的。
e.g. The remark does not refer to you. 这句话不是指你说的。
e.g. He refered to me for information. 他向我打听消息。
4, The Ombudsman is not subject to political pressure.
be suggest to 隶属的，受支配的；易受的......的，常遭......的；有待于......的，须经......的
e.g. We are subject to the law of the land. 我们受国家法律的管辖。
e.g. The treaty is subject to ratification. 本条约须经批准方可生效。
5, If a citizen's complaint is justified, the Ombudsman will act on his behalf.
e.g. He justified himself for his conduct. 他为自己的行为辩护。
act on one's behalf/ on behalf of sb. 代表，为了......的利益
6, He may gently reprimand an official or even suggest to parliament that a law be altered.
7, The policeman in question was severely reprimanded and was informed that if any further complaints were lodged against him, he would be prosecuted.
In question "有关的"（concerned）, in question 还可指"在考虑中，在讨论之中"
e.g. The problem is not in question. 这个问题不在考虑之中。
Lodge a complaint against 对......提出控诉、诉状
8, The Ombudsman's prompt action at once put an end to an unpleasant practice which might have gone unnoticed.
Which 为关系代词，引导定语从句，修饰practice。该从句中的might+have done (完成式结构) 表示对过去可能发生的事情的一种推测，为虚拟语气结构
If we caught the bus at 9:00 am, we might have arrived there. 如果我们赶上了早晨9:00的车，我们也许也已经到那儿了。
put an end to "结束，终止，消失"，短语中to 为介词，因此其后需用名词或代词
You must put an end to his foolish thought. 你们必须结束他这种愚蠢的想法。
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