历年四、六级听力及MP3下载(百度云)
历年四、六级听力及MP3下载(百度云)

2008年英语四级听力真题(原题+听力原文+答案)
 
 
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一、听力mp3

 

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二、听力试题

 
Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Section A(对话部分)
 
11.
A) Given his ankle a good rest.
B) Treat his injury immediately.
C) Continue his regular activities.
D) Be careful when climbing steps.
 
12.
A) On a train.
B) On a plane.
C) In a theater.
D) In a restaurant.
 
13.
A) A tragic accident.
B) A sad occasion.
C) Smith’s unusual life story.
D) Smith’s sleeping problem.
 
14.
A) Review the detail of all her lessons.
B) Compare notes with his classmates.
C) Talk with her about his learning problems.
D) Focus in the main points of her lectures.
 
15.
A) The man blamed the woman for being careless.
B) The man misunderstood the woman’s apology.
C) The woman offered to pay for the man’s coffee.
D) The woman spilt coffee on the man’s jacket.
 
16.
A) Extremely tedious.
B) Hard to understand.
C) Lacking a good plot.
D) Not worth seeing twice.
 
17.
A) Attending every lecture.
B) Doing lots of homework.
C) Reading very extensively.
D) Using test-taking strategies.
 
18.
A)The digital TV system will offer different programs.
B) He is eager to see what the new system is like.
C) He thinks it unrealistic to have 500 channels.
D) The new TV system may not provide anything better.
 
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
 
19.
A) A notice by the electricity board.
B) Ads promoting electric appliances.
C) The description of a thief in disguise.
D) A new policy on pensioners’ welfare.
 
20.
A) Speaking with a proper accent.
B) Wearing an official uniform.
C) Making friends with them.
D) Showing them his ID.
 
21.
A) To be on the alert when being followed.
B) Not to leave senior citizens alone at home.
C) Not to let anyone in without an appointment.
D) To watch out for those from the electricity board.
 
22.
A) She was robbed near the parking lot.
B) All her money in the bank disappeared.
C) The pension she had just drawn was stolen.
D) She was knocked down in the post office.
 
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
 
23.
A) Marketing consultancy.
B) Professional accountancy.
C) Luxury hotel management.
D) Business conference organization.
 
24.
A) Having a good knowledge of its customs.
B) Knowing some key people in tourism.
C) Having been to the country before.
D) Being able to speak Japanese.
 
25.
A) It will bring her potential into full play.
B) It will involve lots of train travel.
C) It will enable her to improve her Chinese.
D) It will give her more chances to visit Japan.
 
Section B(短文部分)
Passage One
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

 
26.
A) The lack of time.
B) The quality of life.
C) The frustrations at work.
D) The pressure on working families.
 
27.
A) They were just as busy as people of today.
B) They saw the importance of collective efforts.
C) They didn’t complain as much as modern man.
D) They lived a hard life by hunting and gathering.
 
28.
A) To look for creative ideas of awarding employees.
B) To explore strategies for lowering production costs.
C) To seek new approaches to dealing with complaints.
D) To find effective ways to give employees flexibility.
 
Passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

 
29.
A) Family violence.
B) The Great Depression.
C) Her father’s disloyalty.
D) Her mother’s bad temper.
 
30.
A) His advanced age.
B) His children’s efforts.
C) His improved financial condition.
D) His second wife’s positive influence.
 
31.
A) Love is blind.
B) Love breeds love.
C) Divorce often has disastrous consequences.
D) Happiness is hard to find in blended families.
 
Passage Three
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

 
32.
A) It was located in a park.
B) Its owner died of a heart attack.
C) It went bankrupt all of a sudden.
D) Its potted plants were for lease only.
 
33.
A) Planting some trees in the greenhouse.
B) Writing a want ad to a local newspaper.
C) Putting up a Going Out of Business sign.
D) Helping a customer select some purchases.
 
34.
A) Opening an office in the new office park.
B) Keeping better relations with her company.
C) Developing fresh business opportunities.
D) Building a big greenhouse of his own.
 
35.
A) Owning the greenhouse one day.
B) Securing a job at the office park.
C) Cultivating more potted plants.
D) Finding customers out of town.
 
Section C(复合式听写部分)
 
We’re now witnessing the emergence of an advanced economy based on information and knowledge. Physical (36) ________, raw materials, and capital are no longer the key (37) ________ in the creation of wealth. Now, the (38) _______ raw material in our economy is knowledge. Tomorrow’s wealth depends on the development and exchange of knowledge. And (39) _______ entering the workforce offer their knowledge, not their muscles. Knowledge workers get paid for their education and their ability to learn. Knowledge workers (40) ________ in mind work. They deal with symbols: (41) ________, and data.
What does all this mean for you? As a future knowledge worker, you can expect to be (42) ________, processing, as well as exchanging information, (43) _______, three out of hour jobs involve some form of mind work, and that number will increase sharply in the future. Management and employees alike (44)_____________________________.
In the new world of work, you can look forward to being in constant training (45) ________________________________________________________. And don’t wait for someone to “empower” you. You have to empower yourself.
(答案与分析请往下拉)
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三、听力原文

 
11.M: Today is a bad day for me; I fell off a step and twisted my ankle.

W: Don't worry, usually ankle injuries heal quickly if you stop regular activity for a while.

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

12. W: May I see your ticket please? I think you are sitting in my seat.

M: Oh, you are right. My seat is in the balcony. I'm terribly sorry.

Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?

13. W: Did you hear Mr. Smith died in his sleep last night?

M: Yes, it's very sad. Please let everybody know that whoever wants to, may attend the funeral.

Q: What are the speakers talking about?

14. M: Have you taken Professor Young's exam before? I'm kind of nervous.

W: Yes, just concentrate on the important ideas she's talked about in class and ignore the details.

Q: How does the woman suggest the man prepare for Professor Young's exam?

15. W: I'm so sorry sir, and you'll let me pay to have your jacket cleaned, won't you?

M: That's all right, it could happen to anyone. And I'm sure that coffee doesn't leave lasting marks on clothing.

Q: What can we infer from the conversation?

16. W: Have you seen the movie the departed? The plot was so complicated that I really got lost.

M: Yeah, I felt the same, but after I saw it a second time, I could put all the pieces together.

Q: How did the two speakers find the movie?

17. M: I'm really surprised you got an "A" on the test. You didn't seem to have done a lot of reading.

W: Now you know why I never missed a lecture.

Q: What contributes to the woman's high score?

18. W: Have you heard about a new digital television system? It lets people get about 500 channels.

M: Yeah, but I doubt they'll have anything different from what we watch now.

Q: What does the man mean?

Conversation One

W: Gosh! Have you seen this Richard?

M: Seeing what?

W: In the paper, it says there's a man going round pretending he's from the electricity board. He's been calling at people's homes, saying he's come to check that all their appliances are safe. Then he gets around them to make him a cup of tea and while they are out of the room, he steals their money, handbag, whatever and makes off with it.

M: But you know Jane, it's partly their own fault. You should never let anyone like that in unless you are expecting them.

W: It's all very well to say that, but someone comes to the door and says electricity or gas, and you automatically think they are ok, especially if they flash a card to you.

M: Does this man have an I. D. then?

W: Yes, that's just it! It seems he used to work for the electricity board at one time. According to the paper, the police are warning people, especially pensioners not to admit anyone unless they have an appointment. It's a bit sad. One old lady told them she'd just been to the post office to draw her pension when he called. She said he must have followed her home. He stole the whole lot.

M: But what does he look like? Surely they must have a description.

W: Oh, yes, they have. Let's see. In his thirties, tall, bushy dark hair, slight northern accent, sounds a bit like you actually.

Q19. What does the woman want the man to read in the newspaper? (A theft case)

Q20. How did the man mentioned in the newspaper try to win further trust from the victims?

(Flashing his I.D. to them)

Q21. What is the warning from the police?( not to admit anyone unless they have an appointment)

Q22. What does the woman speaker tell us about the old lady?(Her pension has been stolen by the man)

Conversation Two

M: Miss Jones, could you tell me more about your first job with hotel marketing concepts?

W: Yes certainly. I was a marketing consultant, responsible for marketing ten UK hotels. They were all luxury hotels in the leisure sector, all of a very high standard.

M: Which markets were you responsible for?

W: For Europe and Japan.

M: I see from your resume that you speak Japanese. Have you ever been to Japan?

W: Yes, I have. I spent a month in Japan in 2006. I met all the key people in the tourist industry, the big tour operators and tourist organizations. As I speak Japanese, I had a very big advantage.

M: Yes, of course. Have you had any contact with Japan in your present job?

W: Yes, I've had a lot. The truth is I have become very popular with the Japanese, both for holidays and for business conferences. In fact, the market for all types of luxury holidays for the Japanese has increased a lot recently.

M: Really, I'm interested to hear more about that, but first, tell me, have you ever traveled on a luxury train? The Orient Express, for example.

W: No I haven't, but I have traveled on a glacier express to Switzerland and I traveled across China by train about 8 years ago. I love train travel. That's why I'm very interested in this job.

Q23. What did the woman do in her first job?(marketing consultant)

Q24. What gave the woman an advantage during her business trip in Japan?(She can speak Japanese)

Q25. Why is the woman applying for the new job? (She loves train travel.)

Compound dictation

We're now witnessing the emergence of the advanced economy based on information and knowledge. Physical labor, raw materials and capital are no longer the key ingredients in the creation of wealth. Now the vital raw material in our economy is knowledge. Tomorrow's wealth depends on the development and exchange of knowledge. And individuals entering the work force offer their knowledge, not their muscles. Knowledge workers get paid for their education and their ability to learn. Knowledge workers engage in mind work. They deal with symbols, words, figures, and data.

What does all this mean for you?

As a future knowledge worker, you can expect to be generating, processing as well as exchanging information. Currently, three out of four jobs involve some form of mind work. And that number will increase sharply in the future. Management and employees alike will be making decisions in such areas as product development, quality control, and customer satisfaction.

In the new world of work, you can look forward to being in constant training to acquire new skills that will help you keep up with improved technologies and procedures.

You can also expect to be taking greater control of your career. Gone are the nine to five jobs, lifetime security, predictable promotions, and even the conventional workplace as you're familiar with. Don't expect the companies will provide you with a clearly defined career path, and don't wait for some one to empower you. You have to empower yourself.

Passage one:

Time

I think a lot about time and not just because it's the name of the news organization I work for. Like most working people, I find time or the lack of it, are never ending frustration and an unwinable battle. My every day is a race against the clock that I never ever seem to win. This is hardly a lonesome complaint, according to the families and work institutes, national study of the changing work force, 55% of the employees say they don't have enough time for themselves, 63% don't have enough time for their spouses or partners, and 67% don't have enough time for their children. It's also not a new complaint. I bet our ancestors returned home from hunting wild animals and gathering nuts, and complained about how little time they had to paint battle scenes on their cave walls. The difference is that the boss of the animal hunting and the head of nut gathering probably told them to "Shut up!" or "No survival for you!" Today's workers are still demanding control over their time, the difference is: today's bosses are listening. I've been reading a report issued today called When Work Works, produced jointly by 3 organizations. They set out to find and award the employers who employ the most creative and most effective ways to give their workers flexibility. I found this report worth reading and suggest every boss should read it for ideas.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26. What is the speaker complaining about?

He's in a hurry to work everyday and doesn't have enough spare time.

27. What does the speaker say about our ancestors?

They were busy with finding food outside in order to survive.

28. Why does the speaker suggest all bosses read the report by the 3 organizations?

Because this report may help them keep their most creative and effective workers working without too much complaint.

Passage 2

Loving a child is a circular business. The more you give, the more you get. The more you want to give, Penalapy Leach once said. What she said proves to be true of my blended family. I was born in 1931as the youngest of 6 children, I learn to share my parents' love. Raising 6 children during the difficult times of the Great Depression took its toll on my parents' relationship and resulted in their divorce when I was 18 years old. Daddy never had very close relationships with his children and drifted even farther away from us after the divorce. Several years later, a wonderful woman came into his life, and they were married. She had 2 sons. One of them is still at home. Under her influence we became a blended family and a good relationship developed between the 2 families. She always treated us as if we were her own children. It was because of our other mother, daddy's second wife, that he became closer to his own children. They shared over 25 years together before our father passed away. At the time of his death, the question came up of my mother, daddy's first wife, attending his funeral. I will never forget the unconditional love shown by my stepmother, when I asked her if she would object to mother attending daddy's funeral. Without giving it a second thought, she immediately replied, "of course not, honey, she is the mother of my children."

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you've just heard.

29. According to the speaker, what contributed to her parents' divorce?

The difficult time of the Great Depression

30. What brought his father closer to his children?

A wonderful woman, his stepmother

31. What message does the speaker want to convey in this talk?

Unconditional love may contribute greatly to keeping closer relationship between family members.

Passage three

In February last year, my wife lost her job. Just as suddenly, the owner of the greenhouse where I worked as manager died of a heart attack. His family announced that they were going to close the business because no one in the family wanted to run it. Things looked pretty gloomy. My wife and I read the want-ads each day. Then one morning, as I was hanging out "Going out of Business" sign at the greenhouse, the door opened and in walked a customer. She was an office manager whose company has just moved into the new office park on the edge of town. She was looking for petite plants to place in the reception areas and offices. "I don't know anything about plants," she said. "I'm sure in a few weeks they'll all be dead." Why was I helping her select her purchases? My mind was racing. Perhaps as many as a dozen firms have recently opened offices in the new office park, and there were several hundred more acres with construction under way. That afternoon, I drove out to the office park. By six o'clock that evening I had signed contracts with seven companies to rent plants from me and pay me a fee to maintain them. Within a week, I had worked out an agreement to lease the greenhouse from the owner's family. Business is now increasing rapidly.

And one day, we hope to be the proud owners of the greenhouse.

32.What do we learn about the greenhouse?

It is a place where we can buy plants.

33. What was the speaker doing when the customer walked in one morning?

He just finish making a phone call.

34 What did the speaker think of when serving the office manager?

He does not know for sure why he helps her

35. What was the speaker's hope for the future?

He hopes to be the proud owner of the green house.
(36-46复合式听写部分仅需答案即可)
 

四、听力答案

 
11. A) Give his ankle a good rest.
12. C) In a theater.
13. B) A sad occasion.
14. D) Focus on the main points of her lectures.
15. D) The woman split coffee on the man’s skirt.
16. B) Hard to understand.
17. A) Attending every lecture.
18. D) The new TV program may not provide anything better.
长对话1
19. C) The description of a thief in disguise.
20. D) Showing them his ID.
21. C) Not to let anyone in without an appointment.
22. C) The pension she had just drawn was stolen.
长对话2
23. A) Marketing consultancy.
24. D) Being able to speak Japanese.
25. B)It will involve lots of train travel.
短文1
26. A) The lack of time.
27. A) They were just as busy as people of today.
28. D) To find effective ways to give employees flexibility.
短文2
29. B) The Great Depression.
30. D) His second wife’s positive influence.
31. B) Love breeds love.
短文3
32. B) Its owner died of a heart stroke.
33. C) Putting up a Going Out of Business sing.
34. C) Developing fresh business opportunities.
35. A. Owning the greenhouse one day.
复合式听写
36) labor
37) ingredients
38) vital
39) individuals
40) engage
41) figures
42) generating
43) Currently
44) will be making decisions in such areas as product development, quality control, and customer satisfaction.
45) to acquire new skills that will help you keep up with the improved technologies and procedures
46) Don't expect the companies to provide you with a clearly-defined career path.