什么是冠词?英语冠词有哪些?
 

一、英语冠词练习题

 
以下就是英语冠词练习题及答案,总共分为填空与选择题两部分。
 
1)填空
 
1.There is _______ picture of _______ elephant on _______ wall.
2.This is _______ useful book.I've read it for _______ hour.
3. _______ elephant is much heavier than _______ horse.
4. _______ doctor told him to take _______ medicine three times _______ day.
5.Let's go out for _______ walk.
6.It's too hot.Open _______ door,please.
7.There is _______ woman over there. _______ woman is Meimei's mother.
8. _______ sun rises in _______ east.
9. _______ Changjiang River is _______ longest river in _______ China.
10.Are you going to do it _______ second time?
11.Washington is _______ capital of _______ USA.
12. _______ Turners are living at the end of _______ Turner Street.
13.He joined the army in _______ spring of _______ 1995.
14. _______ old man is _______ teacher.He likes playing _______ basketball after _______ supper.
15.After I had _______ quick breakfast,I hurried to school.
16.Are _______ sheep kept by _______ farmers for producing _______ wool and _______ meat?
17.They went to _______ People's Park,but we both went to _______ People's Cinema yesterday.
18.I often watch _______ TV in _______ evening.
19. _______ day of _______ December 20,1999 is Monday.
20.Tomorrow is _______ Christmas Day and my father and I went to choose _______ Christmas tree today.
21.I think _______ maths is more important than any other subject.
22.He often goes to _______ school by _______ bike.
23.What does this _______ word mean, _______ Father?
24.What _______ important news!
 
2)选择
 
1.Tom owns ________ larger collection of ________ books than any other student in our class.
A. the; 不填
B. a; 不填
C. a; the
D. 不填; the
 
2. For a long time they walked without saying ________ word. Jim was the first to break ________ silence.
A. the; a
B. a; the
C. a; 不填
D. the; 不填
 
3. When he left ________ college, he got a job as ________ reporter in a newspaper office.
A. 不填;a
B. 不填;the
C. a ; the
D. the ; the
 
4. If you buy more than ten, they knock 20 pence off ________ .
A. a price
B. price
C. the price
D. prices
 
5. ________ on-going division between English-speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is ________ major concern of the country.
A. The; 不填
B. The; a
C. An; the
D. An; 不填
 
6. The Wilsons live in ________ A-shaped house near the coast. It is ­­­ ________ 17th century cottage.
A. the , /
B. an, the
C. /, the
D. an, a
 
7. When you come here for your holiday next time, don’t go to ________ hotel; I can find you ________ bed in my flat.
A. the; a
B. the; 不填
C. a; the
D. a; 不填
 
8. When you finish reading this book, you will have ________ better understanding of ________ life.
A. a, the
B. the, a
C. /, the
D. a, /
 
9. It is ________ world of wonders ________ world where anything can happen.
A. a, the
B. a, a
C. the, a
D. 不填, 不填
 
10. The most important thing about cotton in history is ________ part that it played in ________ Industrial Revolution.
A. 不填;不填
B. the;不填
C. the; the
D. a; the

11. While he was investigating ways to improve the telescope, Newton made ________ discover which completely changed ________ man’s understanding of colour.
A. a…不填
B. a…the
C. 不填…the
D. the…a
 
12. —I’d like ________ information about the management of your hotel, please.
—Well, you could have ________ word with the manager. He might be helpful.
A. some, a
B. an, some
C. some, some
D. an, a
 
13. Many people agree that ________ knowledge of English is a must in ________ international trade today.
A. a; /
B. the; an
C. the; the
D. /;the

14. —Have you seen ________ pen? I left it here this morning.
—Is it ________ black one? I think I saw it somewhere(www.yygrammar.com).
A. a; the
B. the; the
C. the; a
D. a; a
 
15. Paper money was in ________ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in ________ thirteenth century.
A. the; 不填
B. the; the
C. 不填; the
D. 不填; 不填
 
16. Most animals have little connection with ________ animals of ________ different kind unless they kill them for food.
A. the;
a B. 不填; a
C. the; the
D. 不填; the
 
17. Jumping out of ________ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ________ exciting experience.
A. 不填, the
B. 不填, an
C. an, an
D. the, the
 
18. The sign reads “In case of ________ fire, break the glass and press ________ red button. ”
A. / ; a
B. / ; the
C. the; the
D. a; a
 
19. On ________ news today, there were ________ reports of heavy snow in that area.
A. the; the
B. the; 不填
C. 不填;不填
D. 不填;the
 
(答案请往下拉)
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二、英语冠词练习题答案

 
1)填空题答案
 
1.a;an;the
2.a;an。第一个空的a是泛指,第二个空的an是指“一小时”。
3.An;a。这两个空都是泛指,故都用不定冠词
4.The;the;a。前两个空都是特指,故填the;后一个空中的a相当于every或each,three times a day意为“一天三次”。
5.a。go out for a walk意为“出去散步”。
6.the
7.a;The。前者泛指,后者特指。
8.The;the。第一个空用the表示太阳是世界上独一无二的物体;第二个空用the是因为在方位词的前面一般用定冠词
9.The;the,×。第一空用the是因为在河流名称的前面用定冠词;第二空用the是因为在形容词最高级前面用定冠词;第三空“零”冠词是因为专有名词前一般不加冠词。
10.a。a second time意为“再一次”、“另一次”。the second time意为“第二次”。此句填a是表示动作的重复,而不能用the(表顺序)。
11.the;the。第一个the是特指美国的首都。第二个the是在由普通名词构成的专有名词前应加定冠词。
12.The。“the +姓氏的复数”表示“一家人”或“夫妻二人”。由普通名词构成的专有名词前应加the。
13.the;×。表示在某一年的季节名称前应加定冠词。
14.The a;×;×。在球类名称前不加冠词。泛指的三餐名称前不加冠词。
15.a。三餐名称前若有形容词,则可在形容词前加冠词,此处是泛指,故用a。
16.×;×;×;×。此句意为“农民养羊是为了产毛和肉吗?”前两个空也可填定冠词,意为:“那些农民养的那些羊是为了产毛和肉吗?”
17.the;the。普通名词构成的专有名词前应加the。
18.×;the。TV前不加冠词。“早、午、晚”名词前加冠词。
19.The;×;×。第一空是特指。日期名词前不加冠词。
20. ×;a21.×。学科名称前一般不加冠词。
22.×;×。go to school上学。by bike骑自行车。
23.×;×。指示代词不能与定冠词连用。
24. ×。注意news是不可数名词,故不能加a。
 
2)选择题答案
 
1. B. 因为collection (收藏品,收集物) 是可数名词,此处为单数,又不是特指,所以用不定冠词;books是名词复数表示种类,而非特指,所以不用冠词。又如:a fine collection of paintings精美的绘画收藏品。
2. B. word (话、话语) 是可数名词,without saying a word意为“没说一句话”;虽然silence (沉默)是不可数名词,但此处是特指前面提到的那种沉默,所以用the。
3. A. 因为school, college, university, hospital, prison, church, table, bed名词等指其用途时,不用冠词。leave college意为“大学毕业”。又因为表示职业或身份的单数名词前通常要用不定冠词,所以选A。
4. C. price前加定冠词表特指。句意为“如果你买10个以上,他们会从那个价钱中减掉20便士”。
5. B. 因为division后有介词短语between…and…的限制,这是特指的,所以要用the。又因为concern作“所关切的事”解是可数名词,所以前面要用冠词。
6. D. 因为house和cottage都是可数名词,且都不是特指,所以都用不定冠词。句意是“威尔逊一家住在大海附近的一栋A形房子里,那是一座17世纪建的别墅”。
7. A. 从next time可知,对方这次住了旅馆,第一空的hotel就是特指这个旅馆,所以用the;第二空的单数可数名词bed不是特指的,所以用不定冠词。句意是:你下次来这里度假,就不要到这旅馆来住了,我在我的公寓里帮你弄张床。
8. D. 虽然understanding是不可数名词,但作“了解、理解”解时,却常常要加不定冠词(尤其是当其前有形容词修饰时),排除B和C。又因为life作“生活、人生”解,是不可数名词,不是特指,不用冠词。have a better understanding of life指“对生活有更深刻的理解”。
9. B. 虽然通常说the world,但world有定语修饰时,表示“一个…的世界”时,要用不定冠词。题中两个world都有定语修饰,后者是前者的同位语,所以两个都用不定冠词。句意是:这是一个奇妙的世界,一个什么事都有可能发生的世界。
10. C. 因part后面有一定语从句修饰,是特指,用the;又因为“工业革命
11. A. 因为discovery作“被发现的事物”讲是可数名词,前面用不定冠词,又如,make an important discovery scientific discovery (作出重大的科学发现)。man作“人、人类”解,是既没有复数形式,也不能在前面加冠词的,understanding前又受名词所有格man’s修饰,也不能用冠词,所以第二空不用冠词。
12. A。information 是不可数名词,前面不用冠词,因此排除 B 和 D;have a word with是固定短语,意为“和某人谈一下”。句意为“我想请你帮我看一下旅馆的管理材料”。“好的,你可以和饭店经理谈,他会帮你的”。
13. A。此题考查不定冠词和不用冠词的情况。抽象名词knowledge前加不定冠词a使其具体化,a knowledge of English意为“懂英语”;而international trade是泛指,意为“国际贸易”,前面不用冠词。句意为“很多人认为懂英语是当今国际贸易所必需的”。
14. D。此题在特定语境中考查不定冠词的用法。第一句句意为“你看见一支钢笔吗?”是泛指,用不定冠词。第二空“是黑色的吗?”不是二次提及上文的钢笔,也是泛指,故也用不定冠词。
15. C。(be) in use是固定词组,意为“在使用中”;第二空是序数词前要加定冠词,the thirteenth century 指第13世纪。句意为“十三世纪马可波罗访问中国时,中国已用纸币”。
16. B。animals 是名词复数表示泛指,不用冠词;kind是单数可数名词,of…kind“…种类的”。根据句意“多数动物与另一类的动物没有关系,除非它们以其为食”。可指应用a表示泛指。
17. C。句意为“从一万英尺高的飞机里跳出来是一次非常激动人心的经历”。airplane表泛指,以元音开头用an;experience当“经历”讲时是可数名词,因此表示“一次经历”要加不定冠词。
18. B。fire泛指“火灾,失火”,不用冠词;red button 是特指,第二空用 the。句意为“那块牌子上写着:“万一失火,打碎这块玻璃,按那个红色按钮”。
19. B。第一空用the表示特指“今日的新闻”;第二空reports是复数名词表泛指,不加冠词。句意为“在今天的新闻中有关于那个地区的大雪的报道”。
 
以上就是英语冠词练习题及答案的全部内容,希望对同学们有所帮助。