Part I DICTATION (15MIN)
Listen to the floowing passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third reading, the passage will be read sentece by sentece, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 sencond. The last reading will be read at normal speed again and during the time you should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.
PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHE (20 MIN)
In sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions l to 3 are based on the following conversation．At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the conversation.
1. According to the conversation, an example of “Christmas trimmings” could be
2. A Christmas lunch would include all the following EXCEPT
A. roast turkey.
B. sweet potatoes.
3. Why did Helen come to Rob’s house?
A. She wanted to talk to Rob.
B. She had come to help Rob.
C. She had been invited to lunch.
D. She was interested in cooking.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation．At the end of the conversation，you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the conversation．
4. Why did the woman phone the club?
A. She wanted to know more about it.
B. She was a new comer and felt lonely.
C. She wanted to learn a new language.
D. She was interested in social activities.
5. We learn from the conversation that the club
A. mainly organizes language activities.
B. accepts members from local students.
C. has been set up for a long time.
D. is increasing its membership.
6. According to the conversation, the woman might come to practice German on
7. What is the man going to do after the conversation?
A. Call up the woman for her address.
B. Wait for the woman to call him again.
C. Mail the woman some information.
D. Wait for the woman to pick up a form.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation．At the end of the conversation，you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the conversation．
8. According to the woman, what actually makes her job difficult?
A. Difficult questions from interviewees.
B. Embarrassing requests from interviewees.
C. Lack of professional background.
D. Lack of interviewing skills.
9. The woman uses all the following adjectives when talking about attending job fairs EXCEPT
10. We learn from the conversation that the woman
A. works better at job fairs.
B. prefers honest people.
C. often works on her own.
D. is experienced in her work.
SECTION B PASSAGES
In this section ,you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage．At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the passage．
11. According to today's weather forecast, which part of Europe has dry weather?
A. Scandinavian mountains.
B. Northwestern Europe.
C. Northern Europe.
D. Southern Europe.
12. In which part of Europe does the weather stay both fine and cool?
A. Southern Europe.
B. Northern Europe.
C. Eastern Europe.
D. Northwestern Europe.
13. In which region will the weather change tomorrow?
A. Northern parts of the Mediterranean.
B. Eastern parts of the Mediterranean.
C. Central parts of the Mediterranean.
D. Southern parts of the Mediterranean.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage．At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the passage．
14. According to the passage, what benefit can technology bring to people?
A. Closer contact with modern devices.
B. Greater changes in social organization.
C. Better understanding of mass media.
D. More useful information to better their life.
15. The speaker questions about everybody's access to technological advances. The main reason is
C. food shortage.
16. According to the UN plan, all the following will be achieved within ten years EXCEPT
A. giving everyone a radio or TV.
B. starting to carry out the scheme in ten years.
C. offering internet service to more people.
D. providing more job opportunities.
17. What could be the topic of the passage?
A. Growth in telecommunications.
B. Technology and the developing world.
C. Education and medical care.
D. Building an information society.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage．At the end of the passage, you will be
given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the passage．
18. People in Latin America wear something __________ to express their hopes for wealth in the New Year.
19. Which of the following New Year’s traditions signals friendship?
A. Throwing old dishes.
B. Wearing something red.
C. Wearing something white.
D. Eating round fruits.
20. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as one's own New Year's tradition?
A. Watching TV at home.
B. Going to bed early.
C. Visiting friends.
D. Running and shouting outside.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
In this section ,you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 21 and 22 are based OH the following news．At the end of the news item，you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now listen to the news．
21. What is happening to the schools in Fairfax County this school year?
A. 15 schools have started social studies.
B. 15 schools have used digital textbooks.
C. Students are ready to use electronic resources.
D. Digital textbooks are used for social studies.
22. With digital textbooks, schools have saved about __________ million dollars.
Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item．you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the news．
23. Who found the suspicious item at the airport?
A. TSA agents.
B. FBI agents.
C. The police.
24. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
A. The terminal was closed temporarily afterwards.
B. There was a thorough search inside the airport.
C. Passengers at the airport were safe and sound.
D. The security authorities identified the explosives.
Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item, you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the news．
25. According to the news item, doctors use art therapy to treat the following problems EXCEPT
A. alcohol abuse.
26. Why did doctors introduce art therapy in the first place?
A. To prevent patients from smoking.
B. To better understand patients.
C. To get patients occupied.
D. To teach patients some skills.
Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item，you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the news．
27. What is the main purpose of the new rules?
A. To reduce the number of pilots on duty.
B. To prevent pilots from working overtime.
C. To ensure an adequate amount of sleep.
D. To fix the amount of work for each pilot.
28. The Independent Pilots Association was unhappy about the new rules because they
A. had only covered cargo plane pilots.
B. had failed to cover all the pilots.
C. would be put into effect in two years.
D. would be too costly if implemented.
Question 29 and 30 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question．Now, listen to the news．
29. Why is increase in livestock production necessary?
A. Because livestock production is highly efficient.
B. Because more people will become wealthier.
C. Because it may help double food production.
D. Because it has fewer ecological risks.
30. What does the word “challenge” mean in the news item?
A. Balance between human survival and ecology.
B. Conflict between less land and more production.
C. Difference between present and future needs.
D. Calls by environmental critics to consume less meat.
Part I DICTATION (15MIN)
What is a dream for
One theory is that we dream to release the deep, secret desires. We do not express these desires in real life because of the rules of polite society. Another theory is that dreams allow us to solve problems that we can’t solve in real life. We go to sleep with a problem and wake up with the solution. This may be a way to use our dreams rather than a purpose of dreaming. If you believe that your dreams are important then analyzing them may help you to focus on the problem and help you to find the solution.
The modern image is that dreams are the brain’s way of cleaning up the computer’s hard disk. Dreams organize the events of the day into folders and delete what is not needed. But we all know that very little of what we dream is concerned with what happened to us that day.
PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHE (20 MIN)
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation.
M: Hello Helen! Merry Christmas!
W: Merry Christmas, Rob!
You always get so excited on Christmas day.
M: Come in, come in!
W: Thank you. Wow!
M: So, what do you think?
W: That's amazing...so many decorations and what a beautiful Christmas tree! You must have spent ages doing this! It's beautiful!
M: I like to do Christmas with all the trimmings!
W: All the trimmings? I don't understand.
M: All the trimmings---it means all the extra things that traditionally come with something to make it more special.
W: I see. Like all these decorations?
M: Yes. In my family, we have always had Christmas with all the trimmings, so we have a Christmas tree, decorations, gifts, Christmas songs, silly Christmas games and, most importantly, Christmas lunch. Come this way!
W: A turkey for lunch!
M: Now that is a roast turkey with all the trimmings! Not only is it a turkey, but we're eating it with all the things you traditionally eat with Christmas roast turkey: cranberry sauce, roast potatoes, gravy, stuffing, carrots.
W: I think I understand what "all the trimmings" means now.
M: It's an expression usually used with food, especially at Christmas and for the big roast dinners that we like to eat. I adore Sunday lunch with all the trimmings: roast meat, along with lots of vegetables and sauces and other traditional accompaniments.
M: Anyway, enough talk! Let's eat!
W: Delicious. Thank you for inviting me.
M: Well cheers to that and Merry Christmas--- with all the trimmings!
W: Merry Christmas!
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation.
M: Hello, International Students Club. Can I help you?
W: Oh, hello. I saw your advertisement in the students un ion today and I thought I'd phone to find out a big more.
M: Yes, certainly. Well, we're a sort of social and cultural activity club for people from different countries. It's quite a new club. We have about 80 members at the moment, but we're growing all the time.
W: Right, that sounds interesting. I'm Australian actually, and I came here about a month ago. So I'm looking for ways to meet some new people. Um... what kind of activities do you organize?
M: Well, we have a range: cultural, sports, social and language activities.
W: Could you tell me something about the language activities?
M: Yes. Everyday except Thursday we have a language evening, where people can come and practice their languages. You know, over a drink or a bite to eat. We have different languages on different evenings. Monday, Spanish; Tuesday, Italian; Wednesday, German; and Friday, French. On Thursday we usually arrange a meal in a restaurant for anyone who wants to come.
W: Well, that sounds great. I really need to practice my French and German.
M: OK. Well, if you can just give me your name and address, I'll send you the form and some more details.
W: Thank you. That's great. My name is…
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation.
M: So, you've been in Graduate Recruitment for five years?
M: OK. Can I ask you a few questions about your work in Graduate Recruitment?
M: What do you find difficult about the job?
W: One problem is I don't have a background in IT. And sometimes I get asked difficult technical questions during interviews which I just can't answer. That can be a bit embarrassing.
M: So how do you do with it?
W: I find honesty is the best policy. I just tell them it's not my area and promise to contact one of our people from that field and email them back.
M: And they're happy with that?
W: Yes, it usually works.
M: OK. I see you have a lot of job fair experiences. How useful do you think they are?
W: Yes. Attending job fairs at universities is an important part of my job. I think they are really useful for making contact with Careers Development staff and prospective candidates. It can be pretty tiring though. And it means you’re out of the office a lot in the autumn and the spring. So we try to share the work between the three of us.
M: That's fine. Now I'd like to know whether you've ever worked independently.
SECTION B PASSAGES
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage.
Now the weather forecast. It's a mixed picture over the next few days. Today, very wet and windy in Northern Europe. You can see from the satellite picture that the highest temperatures, as they so often are, are in the southern parts of Europe, where it's also quite dry, particularly over the eastern parts of the Mediterranean. The forecast suggests that it's going to be quite cold over northwestern parts of Europe for the rest of the day, even some snow on the Scandinavian Mountains. So that's today's weather, with showery conditions in many parts of Northern Europe but the best of the sunshine in the south and throughout the Mediterranean. And pretty good but cool in the eastern parts of Europe, too. Now let's look at tomorrow's weather chart. Very much the same in the south except that the rain is starting to push down into the northern parts of the Mediterranean there. Elsewhere, staying fine in Eastern Europe and fine in central and eastern parts of the Mediterranean as well. But still wet and windy in many northwestern parts of Europe, including southern parts of Scandinavian, and a bit cool too.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage.
Once upon a time societies were organised around religion, farming, trade or industry. In many parts of the world today this is still true, but something else is becoming more important--- the exchange of information, and the technology that we use to do this. Twenty-four hour news, e-commerce, mobile phones, Global Positioning Systems... all these are making the world smaller and faster. The growth in telecommunications is giving more and more people access to the science that will help their country to develop or to acquire the medical knowledge that can fight disease. But how can everybody in the world share the recent technological advances? Millions of people cannot read these words because they don't have access to a computer. They don't understand English either. They don't even have a telephone. They are more worried about how far they will have to walk today to get clean water or if they can feed themselves and their families. For most people on this planet, information is not a priority. The United Nations is now trying to make the information society a reality for more of the developing world. Ten years from now, the plan is that everybody in the world will have a radio or television and that 50% of the world's population will have access to the internet from schools and universities, health centres and hospitals, libraries and museums. This will improve medical care and education, science and agriculture, business opportunities and employment.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage.
People worldwide celebrate New Year in different ways. In Latin America, people express their hopes through the color of their underwear. If you wore yellow, that supposedly enhances your chances for abundance and earning more money. If it was red, then you'll more likely find love in the New Year. And if you were wearing white underpants, preferably new and clean, then peace will be your top priority for the coming year. In the Philippines, people eat round fruits to bring good fortune while they are noisily banging together pots and pans. However, some New Year's traditions have nothing to do with luck. In Denmark, people throw their old dishes at the doors of their friends' homes each New Year's Eve. Thus, a front doorstep covered with broken plates suggests that the person inside has a lot of friends. Still, for all those who take part in grand New Year's events, there are many more who make their own traditions. It may be a small gathering of family and friends, watching New York's Times Square ball drop on TV, or loudly running through the neighborhood.
Some may simply go to sleep early, so they can be energized for an early New Year's Day hike--- perhaps while wearing underwear that suits their mood, and wishes, for the New Year.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
News Item 1 (For Questions 21 and 22)
Digital textbooks are transforming the way many students learn. All the Fairfax County Public Schools have begun using online course material for their middle- and high-school students. This school year, the schools shifted from hard cover to electronic textbooks for social studies in its middle and high schools. The switch came after digital books were used in 15 schools last year. "Our students come to us technologically ready to use resources from a variety of different places," says Assistant Superintendent Peter Noonan. "The world is changing consistently. The online textbooks can change right along with the events that are happening." There's a significant financial benefit as well. "Usually it is between $50 and $70 to buy a textbook for each student," Noonan says, "which adds up to roughly $8 million for all of our students. We actually have purchased all of the online textbooks for our students for just under $6 million."
News Item 2 (For Questions 23 and 24)
A man was arrested on suspicion of attempting to carry explosives through a security checkpoint at an airport, authorities said. Trey Scott Atwater was taken into custody Saturday morning after Transportation Security Administration agents spotted what they described as a suspicious item. The item was in his carry-on during X-ray screening at a security checkpoint at the airport, an FBI spokesman said in a statement. Neither the FBI nor the TSA identified the explosives, though an airport spokeswoman said the items were "wrapped in military grade wrapping" and are in the possession of the police. At no time was there any danger to the people at the airport. The airport terminal was temporarily evacuated while authorities "conducted a sweep, and deemed all clear," said a city spokeswoman. Atwater has been arrested on a federal count of attempting to get on an aircraft with an explosive.
News Item 3 (For Questions 25 and 26)
In Dakar, psychiatric patients attend regular art therapy classes to help treat mental disorders. The therapy can be a useful technique to complement traditional forms of psychotherapy. Psychiatrists in the Senegalese capital's main hospital see it as an essential part of the healing process. Art as psychotherapy is still relatively new in Senegal. Dr. Tabara Sylla, the hospital's chief psychiatrist, uses art therapy, medication and classical forms of psychotherapy in her practice, treating everything from chronic depression to alcohol abuse and schizophrenia. At first the project started as a way to keep patients busy in the afternoon, rather than have them sitting around smoking. It soon became clear that art was creating a communication bridge between patient and doctor. More and more now, she says, art workshops have become essential therapy --- so much that she cannot imagine this psychiatric unit without them.
News Item 4 (For Questions 27 and 28)
The Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, the government agency that regulates civil aviation in the United States, announced new rules this month to combat pilot fatigue. The new guidelines, which will go into effect in two years, call for reducing the number of pilots' on-duty hours and giving them a 10-hour rest period between shifts, so they can get at least 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep. The new rules apply to only pilots of passenger airlines. FAA determined that including pilots who fly cargo planes --- a large segment of the aviation industry --- would add too much to the cost of implementing the changes. But the Independent Pilots Association has filed a lawsuit asking the government to set one level of safety for all pilots.
News Item 5 (For Question 29and 30)
The world will need to double food production within the next three decades in order to feed a rapidly growing and increasingly affluent population, which is projected to grow from 7 billion today to 9 billion. A United Nations report says reaching that goal will require major increases in intensive, high-efficiency livestock operations for both meat and dairy production. The report also says that intensive livestock operations can pose serious ecological risks. And that's why environmental critics are calling instead for reductions in global livestock production, and urging people to consume less, not more, meat in their diets. Feeding today's population is a challenge for an already-stressed environment. The challenge is how to ensure food without increasing animal numbers and having an impact on fragile lands and our resource bases. More than half of the agricultural land in the world is used to raise and feed livestock. Those farm animals are also responsible for 18 percent of the greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere every year. Experts agree that the next few decades will present a puzzle, how to feed nine billion people without wrecking the planet in the process.