Part I DICTATION (15MIN)
Listen to the following passage.Altogether the passage will be read to you four times.During the first reading,which will be done at normal speed,listen and try to understand the meaning.For the second and third readings,the passage will be read sentence by sentence,or phrase by phrase,with intervals of 15 seconds.The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work.You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.Now, listen to the passage.
PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHE (20 MIN)
In sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
In this section you will hear several conversations. Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions l to 3 are based on the following conversation．At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the conversation.
1. What are they mainly talking about in the conversation?
2. Which of the following is mentioned by Tim as a good reason for moving?
A. More office space.
B. Convenient parking.
C. Fewer office workers.
D. A near-by train station.
3. Why is Jane worried about winter in the new location?
A. It is much colder .
B. There are few activities.
C. There are no good restaurants.
D. There is no cinema or theatre.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation．At the end of the conversation，you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the conversation．
4. Miss Parkinson became interested in her own business _______.
A. before she worked for the media company
B. when she was on holiday five years ago
C. after she went to therapists and classes
D. after her friend recommended it to her
5. Why did she ask her teachers to teach her at home?
A. She was busier than before.
B. It was more convenient.
C. She liked to exercise at home.
D. She was given a promotion.
6. Which of the following is NOT true according to the conversation?
A. She recommended people to take classes.
B. She was willing to pay more for classes at home.
C. She left her job immediately after her promotion.
D. She regarded the business as a pastime at first.
7. Why did she finally leave her job?
A. She got bored with her job.
B. She saw an opportunity.
C. She needed the money.
D. She was forced to leave.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation．At the end of the conversation，you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the conversation．
8. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the single-lens reflex?
A. Different lenses can be used.
B. Focusing is easier.
C. You can see what you are taking.
D. It is cheaper and lighter.
9. According to the shop assistant, the main difference between the two types of cameras lies in _______.
10. It can be inferred from the conversation that the customer is more likely to buy _______ in the end.
A. a single-lens camera
C. a rangefinder camera
D. several lenses instead
SECTION B PASSAGES
In this section ,you will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage．At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the passage．
11. Which of the following details about the front of the house is CORRECT?
A. The front is pink.
B. The curtain is drawn.
C. No window can be seen.
D. There are two doors.
12. What is to the immediate left side of the house?
A. A washing line.
B. Another house.
C. A flat area.
D. A chimney.
13. Where is the small town in the picture?
A. Between two hills.
B. Further to the left of the house.
C. At the back of the house.
D. At the side of a hill.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage．At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the passage．
14. When did Ben first become interested in Mongolia?
A. When he grew up.
B. When he learned Mongolian.
C. When he returned home.
D. When he was nine years old.
15. Where did he spend most of his teenage years?
A. In Mongolia.
B. In the Arab world.
C. In his hometown.
D. In some other regions.
16. We learn from the passage that Ben _______ while doing his master’s degree.
A. became interested in classical Mongolian
B. learned classical and modern Mongolian
C. gave up modern Mongolian
D. mastered modern Mongolian
17. Which of the following details is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Ben wants to visit Mongolia when the weather is warm.
B. Ben considers the travel expense reasonable.
C. The trip today is expensive considering inflation.
D. Ben was unable to travel to Mongolia in 1971.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage．At the end of the passage, you will be
given 15 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the passage．
18. Which is the height of towers at Sky Greens vertical farm?
A. 9 meters.
B. 20 meters.
C. 100 meters.
D. 40 meters.
19. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. The farm sells its vegetables to a local supermarket.
B. The farm uses less water and energy to grow vegetables.
C. The farm causes less pollution in its production.
D. The farm sells at the same price as imported produce
20. According to the passage, one particular advantage of the Sky Green is _______.
A. local climate
B. local support
C. plan for expansion
D. closeness to the city
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
In this section ,you will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Questions 21 and 22 are based OH the following news．At the end of the news item，you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now listen to the news．
21. According to the passage, Turkish police were unsure about _______.
A. when the woman was killed
B. the main cause of the death
C. the woman’s identity
D. why she failed to return home
22. How many people had been detained by Turkish police?
Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item．you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the news．
23. What is the situation now in Kidal according to the news?
A. Islamist militants are still in control of the town.
B. French forces have entered the town.
C. French are going to land at the airport.
D. Islamist militants are attacking the airport.
24. Why did the French launch the military operation?
A. To control Kidal airport.
B. To protect the town.
C. To protect the capital Bamako.
D. To fight against Islamist militants.
Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item, you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the news．
25. Which of the following is TRUE about the immigration reform?
A. It was proposed by a group of senators.
B. Mr Obama had carried out the reform.
C. Illegal immigrants would soon be given citizenship.
D. The reform failed to improve the current system.
26. According to Obama’s 2011 blueprint, how long would it take for illegal immigrants to gain citizenship?
A. Eight years.
B. Five years.
C. Thirteen years.
D. Eleven years.
Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news．At the end of the news item，you will be
given 10 seconds to answer the questions．Now, listen to the news．
27. What is Lorraine Melvill’s business?
A. Running a plastic surgery clinic.
B. Arranging for surgery and safaris.
C. Providing consultancy to local people.
D. Organizing trips to UK and American.
28. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the news item?
A. Local African clients helped keep her business going.
B. Her clients were unable to pay her the money.
C. Her business was affected by the global financial crisis.
D. She still had as many European clients as before.
Questions 29 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.
29. What is the main idea of the news item?
A. Foreign investment in unstable regions.
B. BP’s presence in North Africa.
C. Security concerns in risky countries.
D. Protection for foreign oil workers.
Questions 30 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.30. What is the main message of the news item?
A. London attracts shoppers from all over the world.
B. Most people in Nigeria live in poverty.
C. Wealthier Nigerians become a big spender.
D. People from the Middle East are the most wealthy.
Part I DICTATION (15MIN)
Limiting the Growth of Technology
Throughout history man has changed his physical environment to improve his way of life.With the tools of technology man has altered many physical features of the earth.He has transformed woodland into farmland.He has modified the face of the earth by cutting through mountains to build roads and railways.However,these changes in the physical environment have not always had beneficial results.Today,pollution of the air and water is a danger to the health of the planet.Each day thousands of tons of gases come out of vehicles.Smoke from factories pollutes the air of industrialized areas and the surrounding countryside.The air in cities is becoming increasingly unhealthy.The pollution of water is equally harmful.In the sea pollution from oil is killing a lot of sea plants and fish.It is now necessary for man to limit the growth of technology in order to survive on earth.
PART Ⅱ LISTENING COMPREHE (20 MIN)
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
Questions 1 to 3 are based on the following conversation.
M: We have to move the company to a new office.
W: I think that's a great idea, Tim.
W: We should be in the centre of town.We'll be nearer to our customers.
M: Jane, I...
W: The transport is better...
M: Jane, I...
W: ... and there are lots of good restaurants.
M: Jane, I think we should move to the country.
M: For... against.For: cheaper rent,cheaper houses,cleaner air.It's quieter.There's not so much noise.And parking's easier.Do you agree that these are all good reasons for moving?
W: Yes, I agree.But let's talk about the things against moving.Number one.A long way from some clients.
M: Yes, but that's not a problem.
W: What about communications?
M: There's an airport near the new location as well as a motorway.And there are fast trains to everywhere from there.
W: So communications are better than they are from here?
M: I think so.
W: But what do we do with our spare time?I know we can go for walks in the country.Perhaps go horse-riding.But we can only do that in summer.What do we do in winter? When it's cold and wet.It's not like here in the city, is it?
M: I agree.But in the town over there---twenty minutes by car---there are cinemas,theatres, good restaurants and there's a jazz club.So, I think our company should move to the country.Do you agree?
W: I am afraid I don't.
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation.
M: So, Miss Parkinson,you organize fitness training and beauty treatments for working women?
W: That's right, Mr. Cruise.
M: Could you tell me how you first got the idea for the business?
W: Certainly. I suppose it all started about 5 years ago.I was on holiday and had a very bad skiing accident.I found that the only thing that helped the pain was massage and gentle exercise,like yoga or stretching exercises.So I used to go to therapists and classes after work.
M: Where did you work at that time?
W: In the training department of a media company.
M: I see.
W: But then I got a promotion to training manager.That meant I worked longer hours and was difficult to get to classes.I asked some of my teachers if they would come to my house instead,and most of them agreed.It was more expensive but I thought it was worth it.Lots of my friends loved the idea too.So I recommended people to them.That's when I began to realize that maybe I could make a business out of it.
M: Did you give up your job then?
W: No, not immediately.The idea was too scary.I had a good job with a good salary,and starting my own business seemed a bit risky.So I just did it at a hobby really.
M: So why did you leave your job in the end?
W: Well, the decision was made for me really.My company decided to relocate to a different town.They offered me the choice of relocating with themor quite a large sum of money if I preferred to leave.I know an opportunity when I see it.So I took the money!
M: Good for you.
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation.
M: Good afternoon, madam.
W: Good afternoon.I'd like to buy a camera.
M: We have all kinds of cameras here, madam.What sorts of camera are you thinking you are buying?
W: Well, I don't know anything about cameras.But my friend tells me that 35-millimeter cameras are the best.
M: Well, they are certainly the much popular.Would you like a rangefinder type or a single-lens reflex?
W: What's the difference?
M: With a single-lens reflex,you actually look through the lens when you're taking a photo.So you can see exactly what you are taking.
W: That seems a good idea.
M: Yes, focusing is easier, too.Try this one.It's a good mate.
W: Yes, I see what you mean.The image is very clear and bright.
M: That's right.Moreover,you can use a number of different lenses.Let me put a telephoto lens on for you to try.
W: My world! That's very good.I can see the people across the street as if they are inside the shop!
M: Being able to change the lens is very important,in my opinion.You can't do that with most rangefinder cameras though they smaller and cheaper.
W: How much is this camera?
M: The list price is 5,000.But I can let you have it for 4,500.
W: That's far too much! Did you say that rangefinder cameras are cheaper?
M: Yes, they are much cheaper.
W: Good! Show me some, please.
SECTION B PASSAGES
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage.
This is a picture.In the foreground there's a house built into the side of a bare hill.The house is actually cut out of the rock,and the front is painted white.There's a single window with a pink curtain across it and a wooden door.This rock house is clearly inhabited because in front of the housethere is washing hanging on a washing line in what looks like the front yard.Then, above the painted front of the house,they've built a chimney.It's quite possible that at the back of this same hill there's another door---or the front of another house, perhaps.At the side of the house,to the left there's a flat area.They've got chairs there and one person appears to be serving food.They're wearing casual summer clothes.Further to the left is another chimney,which probably belongs to a different house.In the background of the picture,a long way from this particular bare hill,there's another hill.Then, in between there's a relatively flat plain,and then there's a small town.It looks like a town because there are a lot of white housesand each one is quite close to the next building.This must be a hot country because the sky is blue and there isn't much vegetation.I should think that rock houses are actually really cool and pleasant to live in.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage.
Ben became interested in Mongolia early in life.When he was nine years old he read a book about Marco Polo,about how Marco Polo traveled with his uncles on the ultimate business tripto the Mongol Empire at its height.Marco Polo's trip lasted almost a quarter of a century,during which he grew up,mastered Mongolian,gained the confidence of the Mongol emperor,and then eventually returned home with fantastic tales of strange lands and stranger people.The story of Marco Polo fascinated Ben.Ben tried to save money from his first job delivering newspaperswith an eye toward a $3,000 trip to Mongolia.But in those days it would take him years to have the money ready.So he continued to read about Mongolia in the meantimebut spent most of his teenage years in the Arab world,where he learned the language and became interested in journalism.He took courses in classical and modern Mongolianwhile studying for his master's degree and found it very difficult.But he still wants to visit Mongolia in the spring or summer, he said."Mongolian winters,when temperatures drop to -30 °C are not for me."The price today with an upscale company is reasonable, Ben said,"compared to the $3,000 it was back in 1971.Today the same trip is around $5,000,which though still a large sum,is, in terms of inflation,a good bargain."
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Less than 20 miles from Singapore's skyscrapers is a completely different set of high-rise towers.Much smaller in scale but with a big ambition,over 100 nine-meter tall towers at Sky Greens vertical farmoffer a new vision of urban sustainability.Green vegetables like Chinese cabbage are grown,stacked in greenhouses,and sold at local supermarkets.The farm was built in 2009 and since October this yearthe fully operating farm has been supplying one of city's supermarketswith weekly deliveries of its greens.The Sky Greens produce costs around 40% more than an imported equivalent.However, the small amount of energy and water needed to grow the vegetables,and the close proximity to the consumer,means that carbon dioxide emitted in production and transportation is kept to a minimum.The Sky Greens venture is supported by the Singaporean governmentand has another advantage over other urban farms around the world:abundant natural heating and light.Singapore has year-round temperatures of around 30 degrees Celsiusand the farm is set in an open area designated by the government as an agro-technology park,miles away from the shadow of city skyscrapers.And there are plans for the current site to expand to produce up to two tons of greensa week next year and build over 2,000 towers in the next few years.
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
News Item 1 (For Questions 21 and 22)
The family of Sarai Sierra, an American womanwho went missing in Istanbul nearly two weeks ago,is in mourning after learning that Turkish police found her body Saturday.Turkish police found the woman's body near ancient stone walls in Istanbul's Sarayburnu district.Police suspected she had been killed at another location.Police told CNN's sister network CNN Turkthat the body of the 33-year-old mother of two showed signs of stab wounds.However, the police chief of Istanbul,Huseyin Capkin,said Sierra died from a blow to her head.Nine suspects had been detained in connection with the woman's disappearance and death.Sierra's family and friends first sounded the alarm last weekafter she did not arrive on a return flight from Istanbul on January 22.
News Item 2 (For Questions 23 and 24)
French forces say they have entered Kidal in the north of Mali,the last major town they have yet to secure in their drive against Islamist militants.French forces now control Kidal airport after a number of aircraft,including helicopters,landed there last night.Islamist militants were reported to have already left the townand it was unclear who was in charge.France --- the former colonial power in Mali--- launched a military operation this month after Islamist militantsappeared to be threatening the south.French army spokesman confirms that "French troops were deployed overnight in Kidal".One regional security source told the Press that French aircraft had landed at Kidaland that protection helicopters are in the sky.Kidal, 930 miles north-east of the capital Bamako,was until recently under the control of the Islamist militants.
News Item 3 (For Questions 25 and 26)
US President Barack Obama has said the time has comefor a review on the US immigration system.He made his case at a high school in Las Vegas,Nevada, a day after a group of senators outlined a framework for reform.The White House and senators envisage a path to citizenshipfor many of an estimated 11 million undocumented immigrants in the US.He noted that the current system was "out of date and badly broken".Mr Obama's case for an immigration reform reflects a blueprint he rolled out in 2011,though that did not go far.Mr Obama now backs the Senate plan including making illegal immigrants pay taxes and fines,and sending them to the back of the queue before they can become American citizens.His 2011 blueprint also focused on a path to permanent residency and eventual citizenship.After eight years,individuals would be allowed to become legal permanent residentsand would eventually become citizens five years later,according to his 2011 blueprint.
News Item 4 (For Questions 27 and 28)
In a suburb in northern Johannesburg South Africa, Lorraine Melvillis running around trying to organize hospital visits for her clients staying in her guest house.She started her business,"Surgeon and Safari,"back in 2000 and since then she has had people from all over the worldcome to her to facilitate their cosmetic procedures,and perhaps go on safari too."For most people in the first-world economies like the UK,and especially in America,their biggest desire is to go on African safari," she explains,"and yet their greatest want in their life was to have plastic surgery,so why not put the two together?" Like most companies,however, Surgeon and Safari was hit by the global financial crisis,particularly as a number of Melvill's clients were borrowing money to afford their procedures.However, whilst the United States and eurozone economies may have languished,Melvill says that she has benefited from the growth of some African countries' economies."There is a huge emergence of local Africansthat chose to come to South Africa for elective surgery,whether it be breast reduction,tummy tucks," she says.
News Item 5 (For Question 29)
The bloodshed at In Amenas has left the oil and gas industrystruggling to come to terms with what it might mean for investment in risky countries.Bob Dudley,BP's chief executivesays the company is "reviewing security" at its other facilities in the region and around the world.The attack is the worst tragedy of its kind in living memorydespite the energy industry's presence in many unstable regions.BP has "never experienced an attack on this scale before",Mr Dudley says.Security remains a top priority in countries such as Iraq,where there have been instances of workers being kidnapped.The perception of risk for foreign oil workers and their families in North Africa,has soared.
News Item 6 (For Question 30)
Shopping is a serious business in London whatever the season--- but it doesn't get much more serious than this time of year.The UK's capital January sales sees throngs of dedicated shopaholicscram its countless department stores,quirky boutiques and market stalls,keen to get their hands on the latest fashion trends and product offers.But it's not just domestic spending that's keeping the tills ringing in London.While the vibrant city's high-end stores are no strangers to overseas visitors,with those from the Middle East typically spending the most,a surprising new contender has emerged in recent times as a big spenderin the international market --- Nigeria.Nigeria's economic growth has averaged about 7.4% annually over the past decade,creating a wealthier Nigerian elite with a large spending power.At the same time,however, robust economic growth has not reduced poverty in the country,with about two thirds of its population living on less than $1 per day.